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Orbital Launches of 1991

ID Date Payload(s) Launch Vehicle Site Remark
January
1991-001 08.01.1991 NATO 4A Delta-7925 CC LC-17B
1991-002 14.01.1991 Progress-M 6 Soyuz-U2 Ba LC-1/5
1991-003 15.01.1991 Italsat 1
Eutelsat-2 F2
Ariane-44L H10 Ko ELA-2
1991-004 17.01.1991 Kosmos 2121 (Zenit-8 #97, Oblik #97) Soyuz-U Pl LC-16/2
1991-005 18.01.1991 Kosmos 2122 (US-P #37) Tsiklon-2 Ba LC-90
1991-006 29.01.1991 Informator 1 & OSCAR 21 & RS 14 Kosmos-3M Pl LC-133/3
February
1991-007 05.02.1991 Kosmos 2123 (Tsikada #17) & RS 12 & RS 13 Kosmos-3M Pl LC-133/3
1991-008 07.02.1991 Kosmos 2124 (Yantar-4K2 #57, Kobalt #57) Soyuz-U Pl LC-16/2
1991-009 12.02.1991 Kosmos 2125 (Strela-1M #353)
Kosmos 2126 (Strela-1M #354)
Kosmos 2127 (Strela-1M #355)
Kosmos 2128 (Strela-1M #356)
Kosmos 2129 (Strela-1M #357)
Kosmos 2130 (Strela-1M #358)
Kosmos 2131 (Strela-1M #359)
Kosmos 2132 (Strela-1M #360)
Kosmos-3M Pl LC-133/3
1991-010 14.02.1991 Kosmos 2133 (US-KMO #1) Proton-K Blok-DM-2 Ba LC-200/39
1991-011 15.02.1991 Kosmos 2134 (Yantar-1KFT #13, Kometa #13) Soyuz-U Ba LC-1/5
1991-012 15.02.1991 Molniya-1T 80 (Molniya-1T 89L) Molniya-M (Blok-ML) Pl LC-43/3
1991-013 26.02.1991 Kosmos 2135 (Parus #71) Kosmos-3M Pl LC-133/3
1991-014 28.02.1991 Raduga 27 (Gran 38L) Proton-K Blok-DM-2 Ba LC-81/23
March
1991-015 02.03.1991 Astra 1B
Meteosat 5
Ariane-44LP H10 Ko ELA-2
1991-016 06.03.1991 Kosmos 2136 (Zenit-8 #98, Oblik #98) Soyuz-U Pl LC-16/2
1991-017 08.03.1991 Onyx 2 (USA 69) Titan-4(04)A Va SLC-4E
1991-018 08.03.1991 Inmarsat-2 F2 Delta-6925 CC LC-17B
1991-019 12.03.1991 Nadezhda 3 (Nadezhda #6) Kosmos-3M Pl LC-133/3
1991-020 19.03.1991 Progress-M 7 Soyuz-U2 Ba LC-1/5
1991-021 19.03.1991 Kosmos 2137 (Taifun-1B #11, Yug #11) Kosmos-3M Pl LC-132/1
1991-022 22.03.1991 Molniya-3 55L Molniya-M (Blok-ML) Pl LC-43/3
1991-023 26.03.1991 Kosmos 2138 (Yantar-4K2 #58, Kobalt #58) Soyuz-U Pl LC-16/2
1991-024 31.03.1991 Almaz 1 (Almaz-T #3) Proton-K Ba LC-200/40
April
1991-025 04.04.1991 Kosmos 2139 (Uragan #42)
Kosmos 2140 (Uragan #43)
Kosmos 2141 (Uragan #44)
Proton-K Blok-DM-2 Ba LC-200/39
1991-026 04.04.1991 Anik E2 Ariane-44P H10 Ko ELA-2 Version 1st flight
1991-027 05.04.1991 Atlantis F 8 (STS-37)
CGRO
Shuttle CC LC-39B
1991-028 13.04.1991 ASC 2 → Spacenet 4 Delta-7925 CC LC-17B
1991-029 16.04.1991 Kosmos 2142 (Parus #72) Kosmos-3M Pl LC-132/1
1991-F01 18.04.1991 BS 3h Atlas-1 CC LC-36B Failure
1991-030 24.04.1991 Meteor-3 4 Tsiklon-3 Pl LC-32/2
1991-031 28.04.1991 Discovery F12 (STS-39)
IBSS-SPAS 02
CRO A
CRO B
CRO C

USA 70
Shuttle CC LC-39A
May
1991-032 14.05.1991 NOAA 12 (D) Atlas-E Star-37S-ISS Va SLC-3W
1991-033 16.05.1991 Kosmos 2143 (Strela-3 #61)
Kosmos 2144 (Strela-3 #62)
Kosmos 2145 (Strela-3 #63)
Kosmos 2146 (Strela-3 #64)
Kosmos 2147 (Strela-3 #65)
Kosmos 2148 (Strela-3 #66)
Tsiklon-3 Pl LC-32/2
1991-034 18.05.1991 Soyuz-TM 12 Soyuz-U2 Ba LC-1/5
1991-035 21.05.1991 Resurs-F 10 (Resurs-F2 #6) Soyuz-U Pl LC-43/4
1991-036 24.05.1991 Kosmos 2149 (Yantar-4K2 #59, Kobalt #59) Soyuz-U Pl LC-43/3
1991-037 29.05.1991 Satcom C5 (Aurora 2) Delta-7925 CC LC-17B
1991-038 30.05.1991 Progress-M 8
MAK 1
Naduvaniy gazovoy ballon
Soyuz-U2 Ba LC-1/5
June
1991-039 04.06.1991 Okean 3 (Okean-O1 #6) Tsiklon-3 Pl LC-32/2
1991-040 05.06.1991 Columbia F11 (STS-40) Shuttle CC LC-39B
1991-041 11.06.1991 Kosmos 2150 (Strela-2M #49) Kosmos-3M Pl LC-133/3
1991-042 13.06.1991 Kosmos 2151 (Tselina-R #3) Tsiklon-3 Pl LC-32/2
1991-043 18.06.1991 Molniya-1T 81 (Molniya-1T 87L) Molniya-M (Blok-ML) Pl LC-43/4
1991-F02 25.06.1991 Kosmos (2152) (Taifun-2 #26) / 24 Romb Kosmos-3M Pl LC-132/1 Failure
1991-044 28.06.1991 Resurs-F 11 (Resurs-F1 (17F43) #12) Soyuz-U Pl LC-43/3
1991-045 29.06.1991 REX 1 (P89-1A) Scout-G1 Va SLC-5
July
1991-046 01.07.1991 Gorizont 23 (Gorizont 34L) Proton-K Blok-DM-2 Ba LC-200/39
1991-047 04.07.1991 GPS-2A 2 (Navstar 24, USA 71)
Losat X
Delta-7925 CC LC-17A
1991-048 09.07.1991 Kosmos 2152 (Zenit-8 #99, Oblik #99) Soyuz-U Pl LC-43/4
1991-049 10.07.1991 Kosmos 2153 (Yantar-4KS1M #1, Neman #1) Soyuz-U Ba LC-31/6
1991-050 17.07.1991 ERS 1
Orbcomm X
SARA
Tubsat A
UoSAT 5 (OSCAR 22, UO 22)
Ariane-40 H10 Ko ELA-2
1991-051 17.07.1991 Microsat 1 (SCS 1)
Microsat 2 (SCS 2)
Microsat 3 (SCS 3)
Microsat 4 (SCS 4)
Microsat 5 (SCS 5)
Microsat 6 (SCS 6)
Microsat 7 (SCS 7)
Pegasus HAPS Ed, B-52, RW04/22 Version 1st flight, Partial Failure
1991-052 23.07.1991 Resurs-F 12 (Resurs-F1 (17F43) #13) Soyuz-U Pl LC-43/3
August
1991-053 01.08.1991 Molniya-1T 82 (Molniya-1T 90L) Molniya-M (Blok-ML) Pl LC-43/4
1991-054 02.08.1991 Atlantis F9 (STS-43)
TDRS 5 (TDRS E) [IUS]
Shuttle CC LC-39A
1991-055 14.08.1991 Intelsat-6 5 Ariane-44L H10 Ko ELA-2
1991-056 15.08.1991 Meteor-3 5 Tsiklon-3 Pl LC-32/2
1991-057 20.08.1991 Progress-M 9 Soyuz-U2 Ba LC-1/5
1991-058 21.08.1991 Resurs-F 13 (Resurs-F2 #7) Soyuz-U Pl LC-43/3
1991-059 22.08.1991 Kosmos 2154 (Parus #73) Kosmos-3M Pl LC-132/1 ?
1991-060 25.08.1991 BS 3b (Yuri 3b) H-1 UM-129A (9 SO) Ta LP-N
1991-061 29.08.1991 IRS 1B Vostok-2M Ba LC-31/6
1991-062 30.08.1991 Solar A (Yohkoh) M-3S-2 Ka LP-M
1991-F03 30.08.1991 Kosmos (2155) (Tselina-2 #9) Zenit-2 Ba LC-45/1 Failure
September
1991-063 12.09.1991 Discovery F13 (STS-48)
UARS
Shuttle CC LC-39A
1991-064 13.09.1991 Kosmos 2155 (US-KS #5) Proton-K Blok-DM-2 Ba LC-81/23
1991-065 17.09.1991 Molniya-3 48L Molniya-M (Blok-ML) Pl LC-43/4
1991-066 19.09.1991 Kosmos 2156 (Yantar-4K2 #60, Kobalt #60) Soyuz-U Pl LC-43/3
1991-067 26.09.1991 Anik E1 Ariane-44P H10 Ko ELA-2
1991-068 28.09.1991 Kosmos 2157 (Strela-3 #67)
Kosmos 2158 (Strela-3 #68)
Kosmos 2159 (Strela-3 #69)
Kosmos 2160 (Strela-3 #70)
Kosmos 2161 (Strela-3 #71)
Kosmos 2162 (Strela-3 #72)
Tsiklon-3 Pl LC-32/2
October
1991-069 02.10.1991 Soyuz-TM 13 Soyuz-U2 Ba LC-1/5
1991-070 04.10.1991 Foton 4 (Foton #7) Soyuz-U Pl LC-43/4
1991-071 09.10.1991 Kosmos 2163 (Orlets-1 #3, Don #3) Soyuz-U2 Ba LC-1/5
1991-072 10.10.1991 Kosmos 2164 (Taifun-1B #12, Yug #12) Kosmos-3M Pl LC-132/1
1991-073 17.10.1991 Progress-M 10 Soyuz-U2 Ba LC-1/5
1991-074 23.10.1991 Gorizont 24 (Gorizont 35L) Proton-K Blok-DM-2 Ba LC-200/39
1991-075 29.10.1991 Intelsat-6 1 Ariane-44L H10 Ko ELA-2
November
1991-076 08.11.1991 NOSS-2 2A (USA 74)
NOSS-2 2B (USA 76)
NOSS-2 2C (USA 77)

SLDCOM 2 (USA 72)
Titan-4(03)A Va SLC-4E
1991-077 12.11.1991 Kosmos 2165 (Strela-3 #73)
Kosmos 2166 (Strela-3 #74)
Kosmos 2167 (Strela-3 #75)
Kosmos 2168 (Strela-3 #76)
Kosmos 2169 (Strela-3 #77)
Kosmos 2170 (Strela-3 #78)
Tsiklon-3 Pl LC-32/1
1991-078 20.11.1991 Kosmos 2171 (Yantar-4K2 #61, Kobalt #61) Soyuz-U Pl LC-43/3
1991-079 22.11.1991 Kosmos 2172 (Potok #7, Geizer 18L) Proton-K Blok-DM-2 Ba LC-81/23
1991-080 24.11.1991 Atlantis F10 (STS-44)
DSP 16 (USA 75) [IUS]
Shuttle CC LC-39A
1991-081 27.11.1991 Kosmos 2173 (Parus #74) Kosmos-3M Pl LC-133/3
1991-082 28.11.1991 DMSP-5D2 F11 (USA 73) Atlas-E Star-37S-ISS Va SLC-3W
December
1991-083 07.12.1991 Eutelsat-2 F3 Atlas-2 CC LC-36B Version 1st flight
1991-084 16.12.1991 Télécom 2A
Inmarsat-2 F3
Ariane-44L H10 Ko ELA-2
1991-085 17.12.1991 Kosmos 2174 (Yantar-1KFT #14, Kometa #14) Soyuz-U Ba LC-31/6
1991-086 18.12.1991 Interkosmos 25 (Apex, AUOS-Z-AP-IK #1)
Magion 3
Tsiklon-3 Pl LC-32/2
1991-087 19.12.1991 Raduga 28 (Gran 39L) Proton-K Blok-DM-2 Ba LC-81/23
1991-088 28.12.1991 DFH-2A 5 (STTW 5, ZX 4, ChinaSat 4) CZ-3 Xi LC-3 Partial Failure

Launch sites:

Ba = Baikonur (Tyuratam, NIIP-5, GIK-5), Tyuratam, USSR USSR
CC = Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Eastern Test Range, Cape Canaveral, Florida, USA USA
Ed = Edwards AFB, California, USA USA
Ka = Kagoshima Space Center / Uchinoura Space Center, Kagoshima, Kyushu, Japan Japan
Ko = Centre Spatial Guyanais (CSG), Kourou, French Guiana French Guiana
Pl = Plesetsk (NIIP-53, GIK-1, GNIIP), USSR USSR
Ta = Tanegashima Space Center, Tanegashima, Japan Japan
Va = Vandenberg AFB, California, USA USA
Xi = Xichang Space Center (Songlin), Sichuan, China China
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