Please make a donation to support Gunter's Space Page.
Thank you very much for visiting Gunter's Space Page. I hope that this site is useful and informative for you.
If you appreciate the information provided on this site, please consider supporting my work by making a simple and secure donation via PayPal. Please help to run the website and keep everything free of charge. Thank you very much.

NOAA 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 (NOAA E, F, G, H, D, I, J)


The Advanced TIROS-N (ATN) series was the fourth generation of NOAA's low earth orbit meteorological satellites. The satellites were designated NOAA E, F, G, H, D, I, J.

The satellites were improved versions of the TIROS-N generation with an upgraded instrument suite. These satellites were built by RCA Astro based on the military DMSP-5D1 series of satellites. They were 3-axis stabilized satellites featuring an integrated upperstage system called ISS (Integrated Spacecraft System), which allowed the satellite to act as the second stage of the launch vehicle. The second stage is a solid fueled Star-37E rocket motor containing about 658 kg of propellant and is an integral part of the spacecraft. Its propellant burns to depletion and the motor assembly case, weighing 48 kg, is left in orbit with the spacecraft. Three-axis stabilization of the spacecraft during the second stage burn is provided by nitrogen and hydrazine thrusters.

Following instruments were carried on board:

  • Argos DCS (Argos Data Collection System) (on all)
  • AVHRR (Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer) (on all)
  • HIRS/2 (High-resolution Infra Red Sounder / 2) (on all)
  • MSU (Microwave Sounding Unit) (on all)
  • SSU (Stratospheric Sounding Unit) (on all)
  • SEM/MEPED (SEM / Medium energy proton detector) (on all)
  • SEM/TED (SEM / Total Energy Detector) (on all)
  • ERBE (Earth Radiation Budget Experiment) (on #9, 10)
  • S&RSAT (Search & Rescue Satellite-Aided Tracking System) (on #8, 9, 10, 11, 13, 14)
  • SBUV/2 (Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet / 2) (on #9, 10, 11, 13)
Nation: USA
Type / Application: Meteorology
Operator: NOAA
Contractors: RCA Astro → GE Astro → Martin Marietta → Lockheed Martin Astro
Equipment: ?
Configuration: TIROS-N Bus
Propulsion: Star-37S / ISS (#8 - 14)
Power: Deployable solar array, batteries
Lifetime: 2 years minimum
Mass: 1712 kg
Orbit: SSO
Satellite COSPAR Date LS Launch Vehicle Remarks
NOAA 8 (NOAA E) 1983-022A 28.03.1983 Va SLC-3W Atlas-E Star-37S-ISS
NOAA 9 (NOAA F) 1984-123A 12.12.1984 Va SLC-3W Atlas-E Star-37S-ISS
NOAA 10 (NOAA G) 1986-073A 17.09.1986 Va SLC-3W Atlas-E Star-37S-ISS
NOAA 11 (NOAA H) 1988-089A 24.09.1988 Va SLC-3W Atlas-E Star-37S-ISS
NOAA 12 (NOAA D) 1991-032A 14.05.1991 Va SLC-3W Atlas-E Star-37S-ISS
NOAA 13 (NOAA I) 1993-050A 09.08.1993 Va SLC-3W Atlas-E Star-37S-ISS
NOAA 14 (NOAA J) 1994-089A 30.12.1994 Va SLC-3W Atlas-E Star-37S-ISS