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Orbital Launches of 1978

ID Date Payload(s) Launch Vehicle Site Remark
January
1978-001 06.01.1978 Kosmos 974 (Zenit-4MKM #9, Gerakl #9) Soyuz-U Pl LC-43/3
1978-002 07.01.1978 Intelsat-4A 3 Atlas-SLV3D Centaur-D1AR CC LC-36B
1978-003 10.01.1978 Soyuz 27 Soyuz-U Ba LC-1/5
1978-004 10.01.1978 Kosmos 975 (Tselina-D #14) Vostok-2M Pl LC-43/4
1978-005 10.01.1978 Kosmos 976 (Strela-1M #137)
Kosmos 977 (Strela-1M #138)
Kosmos 978 (Strela-1M #139)
Kosmos 979 (Strela-1M #140)
Kosmos 980 (Strela-1M #141)
Kosmos 981 (Strela-1M #142)
Kosmos 982 (Strela-1M #143)
Kosmos 983 (Strela-1M #144)
Kosmos-3M Pl LC-132/2
1978-006 13.01.1978 Kosmos 984 (Zenit-2M #84, Gektor #84) Soyuz-U Pl LC-43/3
1978-007 17.01.1978 Kosmos 985 (Parus #12) Kosmos-3M Pl LC-132/1
1978-008 20.01.1978 Progress 1 Soyuz-U Ba LC-31/6
1978-009 24.01.1978 Molniya-3 20L Molniya-M (Blok-ML) Pl LC-43/3
1978-010 24.01.1978 Kosmos 986 (Zenit-4MKM #10, Gerakl #10) Soyuz-U Ba LC-31/6
1978-011 26.01.1978 FSW-0 3 (China 8) CZ-2A Jq LC-2/138
1978-012 26.01.1978 IUE (Explorer 57) Delta-2914 CC LC-17A
1978-013 31.01.1978 Kosmos 987 (Zenit-4MKM #11, Gerakl #11) Soyuz-U Pl LC-43/4
February
1978-014 04.02.1978 Exos A (Kyokko) [KM-?] M-3H Ka LP-M
1978-015 08.02.1978 Kosmos 988 (Zenit-4MT #13, Orion #13) Soyuz-U Pl LC-43/3
1978-016 09.02.1978 FLTSATCOM 1 (OPS 6291) Atlas-SLV3D Centaur-D1AR CC LC-36A
1978-017 14.02.1978 Kosmos 989 (Zenit-4MKM #12, Gerakl #12) Soyuz-U Ba LC-31/6
1978-018 16.02.1978 ISS b (Ume 2) N-1 Ta LP-N
1978-019 17.02.1978 Kosmos 990 (Strela-2M #17) Kosmos-3M Pl LC-132/2
1978-020 22.02.1978 GPS 1 (Navstar 1, OPS 5111) Atlas-F SGS-1 Va SLC-3E
1978-021 25.02.1978 Jumpseat 5 (OPS 6031) Titan-3(34)B Agena-D Va SLC-4W
1978-022 28.02.1978 Kosmos 991 (Parus #13) Kosmos-3M Pl LC-132/2
March
1978-023 02.03.1978 Soyuz 28 Soyuz-U Ba LC-1/5
1978-024 02.03.1978 Molniya-1K 39 (Molniya-1K 44L) Molniya-M (Blok-ML) Pl LC-43/3
1978-025 04.03.1978 Kosmos 992 (Zenit-2M #85, Gektor #85) Soyuz-U Ba LC-31/6
1978-026 05.03.1978 Landsat 3 (ERTS 3)
AMSAT P2D (OSCAR 8)
PIX 1
Delta-2910 Va SLC-2W
1978-027 10.03.1978 Kosmos 993 (Zenit-4MKM #13, Gerakl #13) Soyuz-U Pl LC-43/3
1978-028 15.03.1978 Kosmos 994 (Zaliv #25) Kosmos-3M Pl LC-132/2
1978-029 16.03.1978 KH-9 14 (Hexagon 1214, OPS 0460)
P-11 4432 (OPS 7858)
Titan-3D Va SLC-4E
1978-030 17.03.1978 Kosmos 995 (Zenit-2M #86, Gektor #86) Soyuz-U Pl LC-43/3
1978-F01 25.03.1978 DSCS-2 9 (OPS 9439)
DSCS-2 10 (OPS 9440)
Titan-3(23)C CC LC-40 Failure
1978-031 28.03.1978 Kosmos 996 (Parus #14) Kosmos-3M Pl LC-132/1
1978-032 30.03.1978 Kosmos 997 (TKS-VA #5)
Kosmos 998 (TKS-VA #6)
Proton-K Ba LC-81/24
1978-033 30.03.1978 Kosmos 999 (Zenit-4MKM #14, Gerakl #14) Soyuz-U Ba LC-31/6
1978-034 31.03.1978 Kosmos 1000 (Tsikada #4) Kosmos-3M Pl LC-132/1
1978-035 31.03.1978 Intelsat-4A 6 Atlas-SLV3D Centaur-D1AR CC LC-36B
April
1978-036 04.04.1978 Kosmos 1001 (Soyuz-T #1) Soyuz-U Ba LC-1/5
1978-037 06.04.1978 Kosmos 1002 (Zenit-2M #87, Gektor #87) Soyuz-U Ba LC-31/6
1978-038 07.04.1978 Aquacade 4 (OPS 8730) Atlas-SLV3A Agena-D CC LC-13
1978-039 07.04.1978 BSE 1 (Yuri 1) Delta-2914 CC LC-17B
1978-040 20.04.1978 Kosmos 1003 (Zenit-4MKM #15, Gerakl #15) Soyuz-U Pl LC-43/4
1978-041 26.04.1978 HCMM (AEM 1, Explorer 58) Scout-D1 Va SLC-5
May
1978-042 01.05.1978 DMSP-5D1 F3 (OPS 6182) Thor-LV2F Star-37XE Star-37S-ISS Va SLC-10W
1978-043 05.05.1978 Kosmos 1004 (Zenit-2M #88, Gektor #88) & Nauka-23KS 2L Soyuz-U Pl LC-43/3
1978-044 11.05.1978 OTS 2 Delta-3914 CC LC-17A
1978-045 12.05.1978 Kosmos 1005 (Tselina-D #15) Vostok-2M Pl LC-43/4
1978-046 12.05.1978 Kosmos 1006 (Taifun-1 #9, Vektor #9) Kosmos-3M Pl LC-132/1
1978-047 13.05.1978 GPS 2 (Navstar 2, OPS 5112) Atlas-F SGS-1 Va SLC-3E
1978-048 16.05.1978 Kosmos 1007 (Zenit-4MKM #16, Gerakl #16) Soyuz-U Pl LC-43/3
1978-049 17.05.1978 Kosmos 1008 (Tselina-O #37) Kosmos-3M Pl LC-132/1
1978-050 19.05.1978 Kosmos 1009 (IS-A #9) Tsiklon-2 Ba LC-90
1978-051 20.05.1978 Pioneer Venus Orbiter (Pioneer 12) Atlas-SLV3D Centaur-D1AR CC LC-36A
1978-052 23.05.1978 Kosmos 1010 (Zenit-4MKT #6, Fram #6) Soyuz-U Pl LC-43/4
1978-053 23.05.1978 Kosmos 1011 (Parus #15) Kosmos-3M Pl LC-132/1 ?
1978-054 25.05.1978 Kosmos 1012 (Zenit-2M #89, Gektor #89) Soyuz-U Pl LC-43/3
1978-F02 27.05.1978 Ekran (3a) (Ekran 13L) Proton-K Blok-DM Ba LC-200/40 Failure
June
1978-055 02.06.1978 Molniya-1K 40 (Molniya-1K 53L) Molniya-M (Blok-ML) Pl LC-43/3
1978-056 07.06.1978 Kosmos 1013 (Strela-1M #145)
Kosmos 1014 (Strela-1M #146)
Kosmos 1015 (Strela-1M #147)
Kosmos 1016 (Strela-1M #148)
Kosmos 1017 (Strela-1M #149)
Kosmos 1018 (Strela-1M #150)
Kosmos 1019 (Strela-1M #151)
Kosmos 1020 (Strela-1M #152)
Kosmos-3M Pl LC-132/1
1978-057 10.06.1978 Kosmos 1021 (Zenit-4MKM #17, Gerakl #17) Soyuz-U Ba LC-31/6
1978-058 10.06.1978 Chalet 8 (Vortex 8, OPS 9454) Titan-3(23)C CC LC-40
1978-059 12.06.1978 Kosmos 1022 (Zenit-4MKM #18, Gerakl #18) Soyuz-U Pl LC-43/3
1978-060 14.06.1978 KH-11 2 (Kennen 2, OPS 4515) Titan-3D Va SLC-4E
1978-061 15.06.1978 Soyuz 29 Soyuz-U Ba LC-1/5
1978-062 16.06.1978 GOES 3 (GOES C) Delta-2914 CC LC-17B
1978-063 21.06.1978 Kosmos 1023 (Strela-2M #18) Kosmos-3M Pl LC-132/1
1978-064 27.06.1978 Seasat 1 Atlas-F Agena-D Va SLC-3W
1978-065 27.06.1978 Soyuz 30 Soyuz-U Ba LC-1/5
1978-066 28.06.1978 Kosmos 1024 (US-K #9) Molniya-M (Blok-2BL) Pl LC-43/3
1978-067 28.06.1978 Kosmos 1025 (EPN 03.0380 #4) Tsiklon-3 Pl LC-32/2
1978-068 29.06.1978 Comstar 1C Atlas-SLV3D Centaur-D1AR CC LC-36B
July
1978-069 02.07.1978 Kosmos 1026 (Energiya #1) Soyuz-U Ba LC-31/6
1978-070 07.07.1978 Progress 2 Soyuz-U Ba LC-31/6
1978-071 14.07.1978 ESA-GEOS 2 Delta-2914 CC LC-17A
1978-072 14.07.1978 Molniya-1K 41 (Molniya-1K 51L) Molniya-M (Blok-ML) Pl LC-43/4
1978-073 18.07.1978 Raduga 4 (Gran 14L) Proton-K Blok-DM Ba LC-200/40
1978-074 27.07.1978 Kosmos 1027 (Zaliv #26) Kosmos-3M Pl LC-132/2
August
1978-075 05.08.1978 Quasar 3 (SDS 3, OPS 7310) Titan-3(34)B Agena-D Va SLC-4W
1978-076 05.08.1978 Kosmos 1028 (Yantar-2K #8, Feniks #8) Soyuz-U Pl LC-43/3
1978-077 07.08.1978 Progress 3 Soyuz-U Ba LC-31/6
1978-078 08.08.1978 Pioneer Venus Multiprobe (Pioneer 13) Atlas-SLV3D Centaur-D1AR CC LC-36A
1978-079 12.08.1978 ISEE 3 (Explorer 59) → ICE Delta-2914 CC LC-17B
1978-F03 17.08.1978 Ekran (3b) (Ekran 15L) Proton-K Blok-DM Ba LC-200/40 Failure
1978-080 22.08.1978 Molniya-1K 42 (Molniya-1K 50L) Molniya-M (Blok-ML) Pl LC-43/4
1978-081 26.08.1978 Soyuz 31 Soyuz-U Ba LC-1/5
1978-082 29.08.1978 Kosmos 1029 (Zenit-4MKM #19, Gerakl #19) Soyuz-U Pl LC-43/4
September
1978-083 06.09.1978 Kosmos 1030 (US-K #10) Molniya-M (Blok-2BL) Pl LC-43/4
1978-084 09.09.1978 Venera 11 (4V1 #3) Proton-K Blok-D-1 Ba LC-81/23
1978-085 09.09.1978 Kosmos 1031 (Zenit-4MKM #20, Gerakl #20) Soyuz-U Pl LC-41/1
1978-086 14.09.1978 Venera 12 (4V1 #4) Proton-K Blok-D-1 Ba LC-81/24
1978-087 16.09.1978 Exos B (Jikiken) [KM-?] M-3H Ka LP-M
1978-088 19.09.1978 Kosmos 1032 (Zenit-2M #90, Gektor #90) & Nauka-25KS 2L Soyuz-U Pl LC-43/3
October
1978-089 03.10.1978 Kosmos 1033 (Zenit-4MKT #7, Fram #7) Soyuz-U Pl LC-43/3
1978-090 03.10.1978 Progress 4 Soyuz-U Ba LC-1/5
1978-091 04.10.1978 Kosmos 1034 (Strela-1M #153)
Kosmos 1035 (Strela-1M #154)
Kosmos 1036 (Strela-1M #155)
Kosmos 1037 (Strela-1M #156)
Kosmos 1038 (Strela-1M #157)
Kosmos 1039 (Strela-1M #158)
Kosmos 1040 (Strela-1M #159)
Kosmos 1041 (Strela-1M #160)
Kosmos-3M Pl LC-132/1
1978-092 06.10.1978 Kosmos 1042 (Zenit-4MKM #21, Gerakl #21) Soyuz-U Pl LC-43/3
1978-093 07.10.1978 GPS 3 (Navstar 3, OPS 5113) Atlas-F SGS-1 Va SLC-3E
1978-094 10.10.1978 Kosmos 1043 (Tselina-D #16) Vostok-2M Pl LC-43/4
1978-095 13.10.1978 Molniya-3 22L Molniya-M (Blok-ML) Pl LC-43/3
1978-096 13.10.1978 TIROS N Atlas-F Star-37S-ISS Va SLC-3W
1978-097 17.10.1978 Kosmos 1044 (Zenit-2M #91, Gektor #91) Soyuz-U Pl LC-43/4
1978-F04 17.10.1978 Ekran (3c) (Ekran 14L) Proton-K Blok-DM Ba LC-200/40 Failure
1978-098 24.10.1978 Nimbus 7
CAMEO
Delta-2910 Va SLC-2W
1978-099 24.10.1978 Interkosmos 18 (AUOS-Z-M-IK #1, Magik)
Magion 1
Kosmos-3M Pl LC-132/1
1978-100 26.10.1978 Kosmos 1045 (Meteor-2-GVM #1)
RS 1
RS 2
Tsiklon-3 Pl LC-32/2
1978-101 30.10.1978 Prognoz 7 Molniya-M (Blok-SO-L) Ba LC-31/6
November
1978-102 01.11.1978 Kosmos 1046 (Zenit-4MT #14, Orion #14) Soyuz-U Pl LC-41/1
1978-103 13.11.1978 HEAO 2 (Einstein) Atlas-SLV3D Centaur-D1AR CC LC-36B
1978-104 15.11.1978 Kosmos 1047 (Zenit-4MKM #22, Gerakl #22) Soyuz-U Pl LC-41/1
1978-105 16.11.1978 Kosmos 1048 (Strela-2M #19) Kosmos-3M Pl LC-132/2
1978-106 19.11.1978 NATO 3C Delta-2914 CC LC-17B
1978-107 21.11.1978 Kosmos 1049 (Zenit-4MKM #23, Gerakl #23) Soyuz-U Pl LC-43/4
1978-108 28.11.1978 Kosmos 1050 (Zenit-6U #5, Argon #5) Soyuz-U Pl LC-43/4
December
1978-109 05.12.1978 Kosmos 1051 (Strela-1M #161)
Kosmos 1052 (Strela-1M #162)
Kosmos 1053 (Strela-1M #163)
Kosmos 1054 (Strela-1M #164)
Kosmos 1055 (Strela-1M #165)
Kosmos 1056 (Strela-1M #166)
Kosmos 1057 (Strela-1M #167)
Kosmos 1058 (Strela-1M #168)
Kosmos-3M Pl LC-132/2
1978-110 07.12.1978 Kosmos 1059 (Zenit-4MKM #24, Gerakl #24) Soyuz-U Pl LC-41/1
1978-111 08.12.1978 Kosmos 1060 (Zenit-2M #92, Gektor #92) Soyuz-U Ba LC-31/6
1978-112 11.12.1978 GPS 4 (Navstar 4, OPS 5114) Atlas-F SGS-1 Va SLC-3E
1978-113 14.12.1978 DSCS-2 11
DSCS-2 12
Titan-3(23)C CC LC-40
1978-114 14.12.1978 Kosmos 1061 (Zenit-2M #93, Gektor #93) & Nauka-32KS 1L Soyuz-U Pl LC-43/4
1978-115 15.12.1978 Kosmos 1062 (Tselina-O #38) Kosmos-3M Pl LC-132/2
1978-116 16.12.1978 Anik B1
DRIMS
Delta-3914 CC LC-17A
1978-117 19.12.1978 Kosmos 1063 (Tselina-D #17) Vostok-2M Pl LC-43/4
1978-118 19.12.1978 Gorizont 1 (Gorizont 11L) Proton-K Blok-DM Ba LC-200/40 Partial Failure
1978-119 20.12.1978 Kosmos 1064 (Parus #16) Kosmos-3M Pl LC-132/1 Partial Failure
1978-120 22.12.1978 Kosmos 1065 (Taifun-2 #5) / 6 Romb Kosmos-3M KY LC-107
1978-121 23.12.1978 Kosmos 1066 (Astrofizika) Vostok-2M Pl LC-43/3
1978-122 26.12.1978 Kosmos 1067 (Sfera #18) Kosmos-3M Pl LC-132/2
1978-123 26.12.1978 Kosmos 1068 (Zenit-4MKM #25, Gerakl #25) Soyuz-U Pl LC-43/4
1978-124 28.12.1978 Kosmos 1069 (Zenit-4MT #15, Orion #15) Soyuz-U Pl LC-41/1

Launch sites:

Ba = Baikonur (Tyuratam, NIIP-5, GIK-5), Tyuratam, USSR USSR
CC = Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Eastern Test Range, Cape Canaveral, Florida, USA USA
Ka = Kagoshima Space Center / Uchinoura Space Center, Kagoshima, Kyushu, Japan Japan
KY = Kapustin Yar (GTsP-4, GTsMP-4), Volgograd, USSR USSR
Jq = Jiuquan Space Center, Inner Mongolia, China China
Pl = Plesetsk (NIIP-53, GIK-1, GNIIP), USSR USSR
Ta = Tanegashima Space Center, Tanegashima, Japan Japan
Va = Vandenberg AFB, California, USA USA
1950 • 1951 • 1952 • 1953 • 1954 • 1955 • 1956 • 195719581959
1960196119621963196419651966196719681969
1970197119721973197419751976197719781979
1980198119821983198419851986198719881989
1990199119921993199419951996199719981999
2000200120022003200420052006200720082009
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