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Shuttle (STS)

Launch of STS-1 (Columbia F-1) [NASA]

Launch of STS-90 (Columbia F-25) [NASA]

Version Strap-On Stage 1
Shuttle (STS) 2 × SRB 3 × SSME (RS-25/A/B/C/D) + 2 × OME (AJ10-190)
Performance (kg) LEO LPEO SSO GTO GEO MolO IP
Shuttle (STS) - - - - -
Shuttle (STS) [PAM-D] - - -
Shuttle (STS) [PAM-D2] - - -
Shuttle (STS) [IUS] - - 4944 2268 4933 3550
Shuttle (STS) [TOS-21H] - - 6090 -
Shuttle (STS) [Orbus-7S] - - -
Shuttle (STS) [IRIS] - - 900 -

 

To see the crew lists of the missions, go to the mission listing

No:    Date          LS          Mission No:          Payloads

  1    12.04.1981    CC LC-39A   STS-1                Columbia F1
  2    12.11.1981    CC LC-39A   STS-2 / SIR-A        Columbia F2
  3    22.03.1982    CC LC-39A   STS-3                Columbia F3
  4    27.06.1982    CC LC-39A   STS-4                Columbia F4
  5    11.11.1982    CC LC-39A   STS-5                Columbia F5 / SBS 3 [PAM-D] / Anik C3 [PAM-D]
  6    04.04.1983    CC LC-39A   STS-6                Challenger F1 / TDRS 1 [IUS]
  7    18.06.1983    CC LC-39A   STS-7 / MSL-1        Challenger F2 / Anik C2 [PAM-D] / Palapa B1 [PAM-D] / SPAS 01
  8    30.08.1983    CC LC-39A   STS-8                Challenger F3 / Insat 1B [PAM-D]
  9    28.11.1983    CC LC-39A   STS-9  (41-A) / SL-1 Columbia F6
 10    03.02.1984    CC LC-39A   STS-11 (41-B)        Challenger F4 / Westar 6 [PAM-D] / Palapa B2 [PAM-D] / IRT / SPAS 01A / MMU 2-F1 / MMU 3-F1
 11    06.04.1984    CC LC-39A   STS-13 (41-C)        Challenger F5 / LDEF 1 / MMU 2-F2 / MMU 3-F2
 12    30.08.1984    CC LC-39A   STS-16 (41-D)        Discovery F1 / SBS 4 [PAM-D] / Telstar 302 [PAM-D] / Leasat 2 [TU-882]
 13    05.10.1984    CC LC-39A   STS-17 (41-G) /SIR-B Challenger F6 / ERBS
 14    08.11.1984    CC LC-39A   STS-19 (51-A)        Discovery F2 / Anik D2 [PAM-D] / Leasat 1 [TU-882] / MMU 2-F3 / MMU 3-F3
 15    24.01.1985    CC LC-39A   STS-20 (51-C)        Discovery F3 / Orion 1 (USA 8) [IUS]
 16    12.04.1985    CC LC-39A   STS-23 (51-D)        Discovery F4 / Anik C1 [PAM-D] / Leasat 3 [TU-882]
 17    29.04.1985    CC LC-39A   STS-24 (51-B) / SL-3 Challenger F7 / Nusat / GLOMR (1)(S85-6)
 18    17.06.1985    CC LC-39A   STS-25 (51-G)        Discovery F5 / Morelos 1 [PAM-D] / Telstar 303 [PAM-D] / Arabsat 1B [PAM-D] / Spartan 101-F1
 19    29.07.1985 P  CC LC-39A   STS-26 (51-F) / SL-2 Challenger F8 / PDP
 20    27.08.1985    CC LC-39A   STS-27 (51-I)        Discovery F6 / Leasat 4 [TU-882] / Aussat A1 [PAM-D] / ASC 1 [PAM-D]
 21    03.10.1985    CC LC-39A   STS-28 (51-J)        Atlantis F1 / DSCS-3 B4 (USA 11) / DSCS-3 B5 (USA 12) [IUS]   
 22    30.10.1985    CC LC-39A   STS-30 (61-A) /SL-D1 Challenger F9 / GLOMR 1 (S85-6)
 23    27.11.1985    CC LC-39A   STS-31 (61-B)        Atlantis F2 / Aussat A2 [PAM-D] / Morelos 2 [PAM-D] / Satcom-K 2 [PAM-D2] / OEX-Target
 24    12.01.1986    CC LC-39A   STS-32 (61-C) /MSL-2 Columbia F7 / Satcom-K 1 [PAM-D2]
 25    28.01.1986 F  CC LC-39B   STS-33 (51-L)        Challenger F10 / TDRS 2 [IUS] / Spartan 203-F1 (Spartan Halley)
 26    26.09.1988    CC LC-39B   STS-26R              Discovery F7 / TDRS 3 [IUS]
 27    02.12.1988    CC LC-39B   STS-27R              Atlantis F3 / Lacrosse 1 (USA 34)
 28    13.03.1989    CC LC-39B   STS-29R              Discovery F8 / TDRS 4 [IUS]
 29    04.05.1989    CC LC-39B   STS-30R              Atlantis F4 / Magellan [IUS]
 30    08.08.1989    CC LC-39B   STS-28R              Columbia F8 / Quasar 8 (USA 40) [TU-882 ?] / USA 41
 31    18.10.1989    CC LC-39B   STS-34               Atlantis F5 / Galileo [IUS]
 32    23.11.1989    CC LC-39B   STS-33R              Discovery F9 / Orion 2 (USA 48) [IUS]
 33    09.01.1990    CC LC-39A   STS-32R              Columbia F9 / Leasat 5 [TU-882]
 34    28.02.1990    CC LC-39A   STS-36               Atlantis F6 / Misty 1 (AFP-731, USA 53)
 35    24.04.1990    CC LC-39B   STS-31R              Discovery F10 / HST (Hubble)
 36    06.10.1990    CC LC-39B   STS-41               Discovery F11 / Ulysses [IUS + PAM-S]
 37    15.11.1990    CC LC-39A   STS-38               Atlantis F7 / Quasar 9 (USA 67) [TU-882 ?] / Prowler 1 ? [PAM-D]
 38    02.12.1990    CC LC-39B   STS-35 / SL-ASTRO-1  Columbia F10
 39    05.04.1991    CC LC-39B   STS-37               Atlantis F8 / CGRO (Compton)
 40    28.04.1991    CC LC-39A   STS-39               Discovery F12 / IBSS-SPAS / CRO A / CRO B / CRO C / MPEC (USA 70)
 41    05.06.1991    CC LC-39B   STS-40 / SL-SLS-1    Columbia F11
 42    02.08.1991    CC LC-39A   STS-43               Atlantis F9 / TDRS 5 [IUS]
 43    12.09.1991    CC LC-39A   STS-48               Discovery F13 / UARS
 44    24.11.1991    CC LC-39A   STS-44               Atlantis F10 / DSP 16 (USA 75) [IUS]
 45    22.01.1992    CC LC-39A   STS-42 / SL-IML-1    Discovery F14
 46    24.03.1992    CC LC-39A   STS-45 / SL-ATLAS-1  Atlantis F11
 47    07.05.1992    CC LC-39B   STS-49               Endeavour F1
 48    25.06.1992    CC LC-39A   STS-50 / SL-USML-1   Columbia F12
 49    31.07.1992    CC LC-39B   STS-46               Atlantis F12 / Eureca 1 / TSS 1
 50    12.09.1992    CC LC-39B   STS-47 / SL-J        Endeavour F2
 51    22.10.1992    CC LC-39B   STS-52 / USMP-1      Columbia F13 / LAGEOS 2 [Iris + LAS] / CTA
 52    02.12.1992    CC LC-39A   STS-53               Discovery F15 / Quasar 10 (USA 89) [TU-882 ?] / ODERACS (A),(B),(C),(D),(E),(F)
 53    13.01.1993    CC LC-39B   STS-54               Endeavour F3 / TDRS 6 [IUS]
 54    08.04.1993    CC LC-39B   STS-56 / SL-ATLAS-2  Discovery F16 / Spartan 201-F1 
 55    26.04.1993    CC LC-39A   STS-55 / SL-D2       Columbia F14
 56    21.06.1993    CC LC-39B   STS-57 / SH-1        Endeavour F4
 57    12.09.1993    CC LC-39B   STS-51               Discovery F17 / ACTS [TOS-21H] / ORFEUS-SPAS 01
 58    18.10.1993    CC LC-39B   STS-58 / SL-SLS-2    Columbia F15
 59    02.12.1993    CC LC-39B   STS-61               Endeavour F5
 60    03.02.1994    CC LC-39A   STS-60 / SH-2        Discovery F18 / WSF 1 / BremSat 1 / ODERACS A,B,C,D,E,F
 61    04.03.1994    CC LC-39B   STS-62 / USMP-2      Columbia F16
 62    09.04.1994    CC LC-39A   STS-59 / SRL-1       Endeavour F6
 63    08.07.1994    CC LC-39A   STS-65 / SL-IML-2    Columbia F17
 64    09.09.1994    CC LC-39B   STS-64 / LITE        Discovery F19 / Spartan 201-F2 
 65    30.09.1994    CC LC-39A   STS-68 / SRL-2       Endeavour F7
 66    03.11.1994    CC LC-39B   STS-66 / SL-ATLAS-3  Atlantis F13 / CRISTA-SPAS 01 
 67    03.02.1995    CC LC-39B   STS-63 / SH-3        Discovery F20 / Spartan 204-F1 / ODERACS 2A,2B,2C,2D,2E,2F
 68    02.03.1995    CC LC-39A   STS-67 / SL-ASTRO-2  Endeavour F8 
 69    27.06.1995    CC LC-39A   STS-71 / SL-M /SMM-1 Atlantis F14
 70    13.07.1995    CC LC-39B   STS-70               Discovery F21 / TDRS 7 [IUS]
 71    07.09.1995    CC LC-39A   STS-69               Endeavour F9 / WSF 2 / Spartan 201-F3 
 72    20.10.1995    CC LC-39B   STS-73 / SL-USML-2   Columbia F18
 73    12.11.1995    CC LC-39A   STS-74 / SMM-2       Atlantis F15 / SO (Docking Module)⇑
 74    13.01.1996    CC LC-39B   STS-72               Endeavour F10 / Spartan 206 F1 (OAST-Flyer)
 75    22.02.1996    CC LC-39B   STS-75 / USMP-3      Columbia F19 / TSS 1R
 76    22.03.1996    CC LC-39B   STS-76 / SMM-3       Atlantis F16
 77    19.05.1996    CC LC-39B   STS-77 / SH-4        Endeavour F11 / Spartan-207-F1 (IAE) / PAMS-STU
 78    20.06.1996    CC LC-39B   STS-78 / SL-LMS-1    Columbia F20
 79    16.09.1996    CC LC-39A   STS-79 / SMM-4       Atlantis F17
 80    19.11.1996    CC LC-39B   STS-80               Columbia F21 / WSF 3 / ORFEUS-SPAS 02
 81    12.01.1997    CC LC-39B   STS-81 / SMM-5       Atlantis F18
 82    11.02.1997    CC LC-39A   STS-82               Discovery F22
 83    04.04.1997    CC LC-39A   STS-83 / SL-MSL-1    Columbia F22 
 84    15.05.1997    CC LC-39A   STS-84 / SMM-6       Atlantis F21
 85    01.07.1997    CC LC-39A   STS-94 / SL-MSL-1R   Columbia F23
 86    07.08.1997    CC LC-39A   STS-85 / TAS-1       Discovery F23 / CRISTA-SPAS 02
 87    26.09.1997    CC LC-39A   STS-86 / SMM-7       Atlantis F20
 88    18.11.1997    CC LC-39B   STS-87 / USMP-4      Columbia F24 / Spartan 201-F4 / AERCam Sprint
 89    23.01.1998    CC LC-39A   STS-89 / SMM-8       Endeavour F12
 90    17.04.1998    CC LC-39B   STS-90 / SL-Neurolab Columbia F25 
 91    02.06.1998    CC LC-39A   STS-91 / SMM-9       Discovery F24
 92    29.10.1998    CC LC-39B   STS-95 / TAS 2       Discovery F25 / Spartan 201-F5 / PANSAT (S97-D, OSCAR 34, PO 34)
 93    04.12.1998    CC LC-39A   STS-88 / ISS-2A      Endeavour F13 / Node 1 (Unity)⇑ / PMA 1⇑ / PMA 2⇑ / Mightysat 1 (P97-2) / SAC A
 94    27.05.1999    CC LC-39B   STS-96 / ISS-2A.1    Discovery F26 / Starshine 1
 95    23.07.1999    CC LC-39B   STS-93               Columbia F26 / AXAF-I (Chandra) [IUS]
 96    20.12.1999    CC LC-39B   STS-103              Discovery F27
 97    11.02.2000    CC LC-39A   STS-99 / SRL-3       Endeavour F14
 98    19.05.2000    CC LC-39A   STS-101 / ISS-2A.2A  Atlantis F21
 99    08.09.2000    CC LC-39B   STS-106 / ISS-2A.2B  Atlantis F22
100    11.10.2000    CC LC-39A   STS-92 / ISS-3A      Discovery F28 / ITS-Z1⇑ / PMA 3⇑
101    01.12.2000    CC LC-39B   STS-97 / ISS-4A      Endeavour F15 / ITS-P6⇑
102    07.02.2001    CC LC-39A   STS-98 / ISS-5A      Atlantis F23 / Lab (Destiny)⇑
103    08.03.2001    CC LC-39B   STS-102 / ISS-5A.1   Discovery F29 / MPLM 1-01 (Leonardo F1)⇑
104    19.04.2001    CC LC-39A   STS-100 / ISS-6A     Endeavour F16 / MPLM 2-01 (Raffaello F1)⇑
105    12.07.2001    CC LC-39B   STS-104 / ISS-7A     Atlantis F24 / JAM (Quest)⇑
106    10.08.2001    CC LC-39A   STS-105 / ISS-7A.1   Discovery F30 / MPLM 1-02 (Leonardo F2)⇑ / Simplesat
107    05.12.2001    CC LC-39B   STS-108 / ISS-UF1    Endeavour F17 / MPLM 2-02 (Raffaello F2)⇑ / Starshine 2
108    01.03.2002    CC LC-39A   STS-109              Columbia F27
109    08.04.2002    CC LC-39B   STS-110 / ISS-8A     Atlantis F25 / ITS-S0⇑
110    05.06.2002    CC LC-39A   STS-111 / ISS-UF2    Endeavour F18 / MPLM 1-03 (Leonardo F3)⇑
111    07.10.2002    CC LC-39B   STS-112 / ISS-9A     Atlantis F26 / ITS-S1⇑
112    23.11.2002    CC LC-39A   STS-113 / ISS-11A    Endeavour F19 / ITS-P1⇑ / MEPSI 1A / MEPSI 1B
113    16.01.2003 P  CC LC-39A   STS-107              Columbia F28
114    26.07.2005    CC LC-39B   STS-114 / ISS-ULF-1  Discovery F31 / MPLM 2-03 (Raffaello F3)⇑
115    04.07.2006    CC LC-39B   STS-121 / ISS-ULF1.1 Discovery F32 / MPLM 1-04 (Leonardo F4)⇑
116    09.09.2006    CC LC-39B   STS-115 / ISS-12A    Atlantis F27 / ITS-P3/4⇑
117    10.12.2006    CC LC-39B   STS-116 / ISS-12A.1  Discovery F33 / ITS-P5⇑ / MAA / FCal / MEPSI 2A / MEPSI 2B / RAFT1 / MARScom
118    08.06.2007    CC LC-39A   STS-117 / ISS-13A    Atlantis F28 / ITS-S3/4⇑
119    08.08.2007    CC LC-39A   STS-118 / ISS-13A.1  Endeavour F20 / ITS-S5 ⇑
120    23.10.2007    CC LC-39A   STS-120 / ISS-10A    Discovery F34 / Node 2 (Harmony)⇑
121    07.02.2008    CC LC-39A   STS-122 / ISS-1E     Atlantis F29 / COF (Columbus)⇑
122    11.03.2008    CC LC-39A   STS-123 / ISS-1J/A   Endeavour F21 / JLP (JEM-ELM-PS)⇑
123    31.05.2008    CC LC-39A   STS-124 / ISS-1J     Discovery F35 / JPM (JEM-PM, Kibo)⇑
124    15.11.2008    CC LC-39A   STS-126 / ISS-ULF-2  Endeavour F22 / MPLM 1-05 (Leonardo F5)⇑ / PSSC-Testbed 1
125    15.03.2009    CC LC-39A   STS-119 / ISS-15A    Discovery F36 / ITS-S6⇑
126    11.05.2009    CC LC-39A   STS-125              Atlantis F30  
127    15.07.2009    CC LC-39A   STS-127 / ISS-2J/A   Endeavour F23 / JEF (JEM-EF)⇑ / JLE (JEM-ELM-ES)⇑ / ANDE-2 AA / ANDE-2 PA / BEVO 1 / AggieSat 2
128    29.08.2009    CC LC-39A   STS-128 / ISS-17A    Discovery F37 / MPLM 1-06 (Leonardo F6)⇑ 
129    16.11.2009    CC LC-39A   STS-129 / ISS-ULF-3  Atlantis F31 / ELC 1⇑ / ELC 2⇑
130    08.02.2010    CC LC-39A   STS-130 / ISS-20/14A Endeavour F24 / Node 3 (Tranquility) / Cupola⇑
131    05.04.2010    CC LC-39A   STS-131 / ISS-19A    Discovery F38 / MPLM 1-07 (Leonardo F7)⇑ 
132    14.05.2010    CC LC-39A   STS-132 / ISS-ULF-4  Atlantis F32 / MRM 1 (Rassvet)⇑
133    24.02.2011    CC LC-39A   STS-133 / ISS-ULF-5  Discovery F39 / PMM (Leonardo)⇑ / ELC 4⇑
134    16.05.2011    CC LC-39A   STS-134 / ISS-ULF-6  Endeavour F25 / AMS 02⇑ / ELC 3⇑
135    08.07.2011    CC LC-39A   STS-135 / ISS-ULF-7  Atlantis F33 / MPLM 2-04 (Raffaello F4)⇑ / PSSC-Testbed 2


⇑ = non free-flyer payload to be attached to the ISS or to Mir


Failures:

 19 / STS-51-F: One SSME switched off due to faulty sensor 
 25 / STS-51-L: Vehicle destroyed (leaking right booster destroyed external tank)
113 / STS-107: Isolation debris from the ET damaged Orbiter during launch; Shuttle broke up on reentry


Launch sites:

CC  = NASA John F. Kennedy Space Center, Cape Canaveral, Florida, USA USA


Spacelab Missions

Spacelab 1                      STS-9
Spacelab 2                      STS-26
Spacelab 3                      STS-24
Spacelab ASTRO-01               STS-35
Spacelab ASTRO-02               STS-67
Spacelab ATLAS-01               STS-45
Spacelab ATLAS-02               STS-56
Spacelab ATLAS-03               STS-66
Spacelab D-1                    STS-30
Spacelab D-2                    STS-55
Spacelab IML-01                 STS-42
Spacelab IML-02                 STS-65
Spacelab J                      STS-47
Spacelab LMS                    STS-78
Spacelab M-01                   STS-71
Spacelab MSL-01                 STS-83
Spacelab MSL-01R                STS-94
Spacelab Neurolab (SLS-03)      STS-90
Spacelab SLS-01                 STS-40
Spacelab SLS-02                 STS-58
Spacelab USML-01                STS-50
Spacelab USML-02                STS-73


Spacehab Missions

Spacehab 1                      STS-57
Spacehab 2                      STS-60
Spacehab 3                      STS-63
Spacehab SM #1                  STS-76
Spacehab 4                      STS-77
Spacehab DM #1                  STS-79
Spacehab DM #2                  STS-81
Spacehab DM #3                  STS-84  
Spacehab DM #4                  STS-86  
Spacehab DM #5                  STS-89
Spacehab SM #2                  STS-91
ISS-2A.1                        STS-96
ISS-2A.2A                       STS-101
ISS-2A.2B                       STS-106


Space Radar Lab Missions:

SRL 1                           STS-59
SRL 2                           STS-68
SRL 3                           STS-99


MSL Missions;

MSL 1                           STS-7 
MSL 2                           STS-32


USMP Missions:

USMP 01                         STS-52
USMP 02                         STS-62
USMP 03                         STS-75
USMP 04                         STS-87