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Yantar-1KFT (Kometa, Siluet, 11F660)

Yantar-1KFT (Kometa) [TsSKB]

The Soviet / Russian Yantar-1KFT (Kometa) cartographic satellite was a replacement for the Zenit-4MT (Orion) satellites.

The Space Mapping System "Kometa" composed of the Yahont-1 imaging payload with the TK-350 topographic camera and the high resolution camera Topaz KVR-1000, integrated with on-board equipment for external orientation elements determination, is designed to provide large scale topographic and digital maps. On-board equipment includes two star positioning cameras, a laser altimeter, navigation sensors and synchronizing devices. The system allows topographic and thematic maps to be produced for any area of the Earth.

The spacecraft features a Yantar-based propulsion module with a Zenit-based reentry capsule. The return capsules could be reused several times. The Yahont-1 was mounted inside the reentry vehicle, while the larger KVR-1000 was mounted in front of it with the film beeing delivered into the reentry-vehicle.

The satellite operates in near-circular orbit at an average altitude of 220 kilometers and has an orbital duration of 45 days. The total film capacity covers approximately 10.5 million square kilometers of land area. The entire system is then retrieved from orbit and landed at the preliminary defined location.

As a replacement, the electro-optical Bars satellite was developed, which was later cancelled and replaced by the Bars-M.

Nation: USSR / Russia
Type / Application: Area Reconnaissance, photo (film return type)
Operator: GRU
Contractors: TsSKB
Equipment:
Configuration: Yantar Bus, Zenit reentry module
Propulsion:
Power: 2 deployable solar arrays, batteries
Lifetime:
Mass: 6600 kg
Orbit:
Satellite COSPAR Date LS Launch Vehicle Remarks
Kosmos 1246 (Yantar-1KFT #1, Kometa #1) 1981-015A 18.02.1981 Ba LC-31/6 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 1370 (Yantar-1KFT #2, Kometa #2) 1982-049A 28.05.1982 Ba LC-31/6 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 1516 (Yantar-1KFT #3, Kometa #3) 1983-124A 27.12.1983 Ba LC-31/6 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 1608 (Yantar-1KFT #4, Kometa #4) 1984-116A 14.11.1984 Ba LC-1/5 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 1673 (Yantar-1KFT #5, Kometa #5) 1985-068A 08.08.1985 Ba LC-1/5 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 1784 (Yantar-1KFT #6, Kometa #6) 1986-077A 06.10.1986 Ba LC-1/5 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 1865 (Yantar-1KFT #7, Kometa #7) 1987-058A 08.07.1987 Ba LC-1/5 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 1896 (Yantar-1KFT #8, Kometa #8) 1987-093A 14.11.1987 Ba LC-1/5 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 1944 (Yantar-1KFT #9, Kometa #9) 1988-041A 18.05.1988 Ba LC-1/5 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 1986 (Yantar-1KFT #10, Kometa #10) 1988-116A 29.12.1988 Ba LC-1/5 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 2021 (Yantar-1KFT #11, Kometa #11) 1989-037A 24.05.1989 Ba LC-1/5 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 2078 (Yantar-1KFT #12, Kometa #12) 1990-044A 15.05.1990 Ba LC-1/5 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 2134 (Yantar-1KFT #13, Kometa #13) 1991-011A 15.02.1991 Ba LC-1/5 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 2174 (Yantar-1KFT #14, Kometa #14) 1991-085A 17.12.1991 Ba LC-31/6 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 2185 (Yantar-1KFT #15, Kometa #15) 1992-025A 29.04.1992 Ba LC-1/5 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 2243 (Yantar-1KFT #16, Kometa #16) 1993-028A 27.04.1993 Ba LC-31/6 p Soyuz-U
Kosmos 2284 (Yantar-1KFT #17, Kometa #17) 1994-044A 29.07.1994 Ba LC-31/6 Soyuz-U
Kosmos (2333a) (Yantar-1KFT #18, Kometa #18) 1996-F02 14.05.1996 Ba LC-31/6 F Soyuz-U
Kosmos 2349 (Yantar-1KFT #19, Kometa #19) 1998-009A 17.02.1998 Ba LC-31/6 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 2373 (Yantar-1KFT #20, Kometa #20) 2000-058A 29.09.2000 Ba LC-31/6 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 2415 (Yantar-1KFT #21, Kometa #21) 2005-034A 02.09.2005 Ba LC-31/6 Soyuz-U

References:

  • Sovietinformsputnik