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Meteor-M 2-1, 2-2, 2-3, 2-4, 2-5, 2-6

Meteor-M 2-1 [VNIIEM]

Meteor-M satellites are a new generation of Russian meteorological satellites to replace the Meteor-3M series. The first two Meteor-M satellites will feature following instruments:

  • MSU-MR - Low-resolution Multispectral Scanner for global and regional for cloud cover mapping
  • KMSS-2 - multichannel scanning unit for Earth surface monitoring
  • MTVZA-GYa - imager/sounder for Atmospheric temperature and humidity profiles, sea surface wind
  • IKFS-2 advanced IR sounder for Atmospheric temperature and humidity profiles
  • BRK SSPD - Data Collection System
  • RK-SM-MKA - Modified Rescue Radio-complex

One initial Meteor-M 1 satellite was built, followed by the improved Meteor-M 2 series satellites.

Meteor-M 2-1 was launched on 28 November 2017 on a Soyuz-2-1b Fregat rocket, but was lost due to an upper stage problem.

Meteor-M 2-2 was successfully launched on 5 July 2019. On 18 December 2019, it suffered a collision with either debris or a micrometeorite, which slightly changed the orbit and sent it tumbling. Stabilization and communications were restored after a few days. The damage suffered is under investigation.

The Meteor-M 3 satellite was to have a largely modified configuration for an oceanographic mission, but was cancelled.

Nation: Russia
Type, Application: Meteorology
Contractors: NPP VNIIEM
Equipment: see above
Power: 2 deployable solar arrays, batteries
Lifetime: 5 years
Mass: 2750 kg
Orbit: 788 km × 829 km, 98.57° (#2-1, planned); 812 km × 817 km, 98.56° (#2-2)
Satellite COSPAR Date LS Launch Vehicle Remarks
Meteor-M 2-1 2017-F05 28.11.2017 Vo LC-1S F Soyuz-2-1b Fregat with LEO Vantage 2, Baumanets 2, IDEA-OSG 1, AISSat 3, Helios-Wire BIU, Landmapper-BC 3, Lemur-2 58-67, D-Star One, SEAM
Meteor-M 2-2 2019-038A 05.07.2019 Vo LC-1S Soyuz-2-1b Fregat with ICEYE X4, ICEYE X5, CarboNIX, DoT 1, Momentus X1, Lemur-2 100, ..., 107, NSLSat 1, SEAM 2.0, SONATE, JAISAT 1, EXOCONNECT, LightSat, UTE-Ecuador, Lucky-7, MOVE 2b, MTCube, TTÜ101, BeeSat 9, BeeSat 10, 11, 12, 13, AmGU 1, Sokrat, VDNH-80
Meteor-M 2-3 - 2023 Vo LC-1S Soyuz-2-1b Fregat
Meteor-M 2-4 - 2023 Vo LC-1S Soyuz-2-1b Fregat
Meteor-M 2-5 - 2024 Vo LC-1S Soyuz-2-1b Fregat
Meteor-M 2-6 - 2025 Vo LC-1S Soyuz-2-1b Fregat

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