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Meteor-2 (11F632)


The Meteor-2 series was the second generation of soviet meteorological satellites. They were based on the Meteor-1 series.

The instrument complement consisted of three television-type (frame technique) VIS and IR scanners, a five-channel scanning radiometer and a radiometer (RMK-2) for measuring radiation flux densities in the near-Earth space.

Meteor-2 21 carried additionally to its regular payload an unique Fizeau Retro Reflector Array (RRA) for Satellite Laser Ranging applications.

Initially the satellites were orbited by the Vostok-2M launch vehicle, which was replaced beginning in 1982 with the Tsiklon-3 launch vehicle. They were flown in non-sun-synchronous polar orbits with altitudes between 850 and 950 km and inclinations of 81-82

The Meteor-2 series was replaced by the Meteor-3 series.

Nation: USSR
Type / Application: Meteorology
Contractors: VNIIEM
Equipment: TV, IR, SM, RMK-2
Configuration: SP-1 bus
Power: 2 deployable solar arrays, batteries
Mass: 1300 kg
Orbit: 850 km × 950 km, 81-82
Satellite COSPAR Date LS Launch Vehicle Remarks
Meteor-2 1 1975-064A 11.07.1975 Pl LC-41/1 Vostok-2M
Meteor-2 2 1977-002A 06.01.1977 Pl LC-43/3 Vostok-2M
Meteor-2 3 1977-117A 14.12.1977 Pl LC-43/4 Vostok-2M
Meteor-2 4 1979-021A 01.03.1979 Pl LC-43/4 Vostok-2M
Meteor-2 5 1979-095A 31.10.1979 Pl LC-43/4 Vostok-2M
Meteor-2 6 1980-073A 09.09.1980 Pl LC-43/3 Vostok-2M
Meteor-2 7 1981-043A 14.05.1981 Pl LC-43/3 Vostok-2M
Meteor-2 8 1982-025A 25.03.1982 Pl LC-32/1 Tsiklon-3
Meteor-2 9 1982-116A 14.12.1982 Pl LC-43/3 Vostok-2M
Meteor-2 10 1983-109A 28.10.1983 Pl LC-16/2 Vostok-2M
Meteor-2 11 1984-072A 05.07.1984 Pl LC-32/2 Tsiklon-3
Meteor-2 12 1985-013A 06.02.1985 Pl LC-32/1 Tsiklon-3
Meteor-2 13 1985-119A 26.12.1985 Pl LC-32/1 Tsiklon-3
Meteor-2 14 1986-039A 27.05.1986 Pl LC-32/1 Tsiklon-3
Meteor-2 15 1987-001A 05.01.1987 Pl LC-32/2 Tsiklon-3
Meteor-2 16 1987-068A 18.08.1987 Pl LC-32/1 Tsiklon-3
Meteor-2 17 1988-005A 30.01.1988 Pl LC-32/1 Tsiklon-3
Meteor-2 18 1989-018A 28.02.1989 Pl LC-32/2 Tsiklon-3
Meteor-2 19 1990-057A 27.06.1990 Pl LC-32/1 Tsiklon-3
Meteor-2 20 1990-086A 28.09.1990 Pl LC-32/1 Tsiklon-3
Meteor-2 21 1993-055A 31.08.1993 Pl LC-32/1 Tsiklon-3 with Temisat


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