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Meteor-3 (17F45)


The Meteor-3 series was the third generation of soviet meteorological satellites. They were based on the Meteor-2 series.

The regular instrumentation consisted of:

  • TV camera systems MR-2000M and MR-900B
  • Klimat (Infrared Radiometer)
  • SM (Multichannel Spectrometer)
  • RMK-2 (Radiation Measurement Complex)

Meteor-3 6 carried additionally a TOMS (Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer) instrument provided by NASA, similar to the one flown on Nimbus 7.

Meteor-3 7 also carried additional instruments: The ScaRaB (Scanner for Radiation Budget) cross-track scanning radiometer provided by CNES [France), Russia (Planeta, RKA) and Germany (GKSS); PRARE (Precise Range And Range-Rate Equipment), a German Microwave Tracking System); and a laser retro reflector array.

The Meteor-3 series was to be replaced by the improved Meteor-3M series, of which only one satellite was launched.

Nation: Russia
Type / Application: Meteorology
Contractors: VNIIEM
Configuration: SP-2 bus
Power: 2 deployable solar arrays, batteries
Lifetime: 2 years
Mass: 2150 - 2250 kg
Orbit: SSO
Satellite COSPAR Date LS Launch Vehicle Remarks
Kosmos 1612 (Meteor-3 (1a)) 1984-120A 27.11.1984 Pl LC-32/1 P Tsiklon-3
Meteor-3 1 1985-100A 24.10.1985 Pl LC-32/1 Tsiklon-3
Meteor-3 2 1988-064A 26.07.1988 Pl LC-32/2 Tsiklon-3
Meteor-3 3 1989-086A 24.10.1989 Pl LC-32/1 Tsiklon-3
Meteor-3 4 1991-030A 24.04.1991 Pl LC-32/2 Tsiklon-3
Meteor-3 5 1991-056A 15.08.1991 Pl LC-32/2 Tsiklon-3
Meteor-3 6 1994-003A 25.01.1994 Pl LC-32/1 Tsiklon-3 with Tubsat B


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