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Yantar-2K (Feniks, 11F624)

Yantar-2K

The Russian Yantar-2K or Feniks series was the first generation of the high resolution film-return variant of the Yantar reconnaissance satellite series.

These satellites were developed by TsSKB Progress, Samara, and were built at OAO Arsenal, St Petersburg. They consisted of a service module with reignitable propulsion and two solar arrays, a large conical reentry vehicle with the camera and two small spherical reentry vehicles (SpK, Spuskayemaya Kapsula). The launch mass was about 6700 kg. The orbital life time was up to 30 days. They carried the Zhemchug-4 camera system in the main return capsule, which allowed the camera system and the board computer to be reused. The return capsules could be reused up to three times.

The satellites were launched by Soyuz-U from Plesetsk and Baikonur, typically into a 170 km by 350 km orbit with inclinations between 62.8 and 67.2. The typical landing area was near Orenburg.

The Yantar-2K series introduced in 1974 and continued until it was phased out in 1983. It operated in parallel with the slightly improved Yantar-4K1 (Oktan) satellites, with the improved gradually Yantar-4K2 (Kobalt) satellites taking over since 1981.

Nation: USSR
Type / Application: Reconnaissance, photo (film return type)
Operator: GRU
Contractors: TsSKB
Equipment: Zhemchug-4 camera
Configuration: Yantar Bus, main reentry module, 2 small reentry capsules
Propulsion:
Power: 2 deployable solar arrays, batteries
Lifetime: 30 days
Mass: 6600 kg
Orbit:
Satellite COSPAR Date LS Launch Vehicle Remarks
Kosmos (656) (Yantar-2K #1, Feniks #1) 1974-F03 23.05.1974 Pl LC-43/3 F Soyuz-U
Kosmos 697 (Yantar-2K #2, Feniks #2) 1974-098A 13.12.1974 Pl LC-43/3 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 758 (Yantar-2K #3, Feniks #3) 1975-080A 05.09.1975 Pl LC-43/3 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 805 (Yantar-2K #4, Feniks #4) 1976-018A 20.02.1976 Pl LC-43/3 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 844 (Yantar-2K #5, Feniks #5) 1976-072A 22.07.1976 Pl LC-43/3 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 905 (Yantar-2K #6, Feniks #6) 1977-030A 26.04.1977 Pl LC-43/3 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 949 (Yantar-2K #7, Feniks #7) 1977-085A 06.09.1977 Pl LC-43/3 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 1028 (Yantar-2K #8, Feniks #8) 1978-076A 05.08.1978 Pl LC-43/3 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 1079 (Yantar-2K #9, Feniks #9) 1979-019A 27.02.1979 Pl LC-43/3 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 1121 (Yantar-2K #10, Feniks #10) 1979-074A 14.08.1979 Pl LC-43/3 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 1144 (Yantar-2K #11, Feniks #11) 1979-097A 02.11.1979 Pl LC-43/3 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 1152 (Yantar-2K #12, Feniks #12) 1980-006A 24.01.1980 Pl LC-43/3 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 1208 (Yantar-2K #13, Feniks #13) 1980-071A 26.08.1980 Pl LC-41/1 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 1236 (Yantar-2K #14, Feniks #14) 1980-105A 26.12.1980 Pl LC-41/1 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 1240 (Yantar-2K #15, Feniks #15) 1981-005A 20.01.1981 Ba LC-31/6 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 1248 (Yantar-2K #16, Feniks #16) 1981-020A 05.03.1981 Pl LC-41/1 Soyuz-U
Kosmos (1261) (Yantar-2K #17, Feniks #17) 1981-F02 28.03.1981 Ba LC-31/6 F Soyuz-U
Kosmos 1270 (Yantar-2K #18, Feniks #18) 1981-045A 18.05.1981 Ba LC-31/6 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 1274 (Yantar-2K #19, Feniks #19) 1981-052A 03.06.1981 Pl LC-41/1 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 1282 (Yantar-2K #20, Feniks #20) 1981-066A 15.07.1981 Ba LC-31/6 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 1296 (Yantar-2K #21, Feniks #21) 1981-078A 13.08.1981 Pl LC-41/1 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 1318 (Yantar-2K #22, Feniks #22) 1981-109A 03.11.1981 Pl LC-41/1 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 1330 (Yantar-2K #23, Feniks #23) 1981-121A 19.12.1981 Ba LC-31/6 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 1336 (Yantar-2K #24, Feniks #24) 1982-008A 30.01.1982 Ba LC-31/6 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 1350 (Yantar-2K #25, Feniks #25) 1982-032A 15.04.1982 Pl LC-41/1 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 1384 (Yantar-2K #26, Feniks #26) 1982-067A 30.06.1982 Pl LC-41/1 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 1407 (Yantar-2K #27, Feniks #27) 1982-091A 15.09.1982 Pl LC-41/1 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 1439 (Yantar-2K #28, Feniks #28) 1983-007A 06.02.1983 Ba LC-31/6 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 1454 (Yantar-2K #29, Feniks #29) 1983-036A 22.04.1983 Pl LC-41/1 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 1471 (Yantar-2K #30, Feniks #30) 1983-064A 28.06.1983 Pl LC-41/1 Soyuz-U