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Zaliv (11F617)

Zaliv [NPO PM]

The first soviet navigation system called Tsiklon consisted of Zaliv satellites in low earth orbit.

The Tsiklon/Zaliv system used the Doppler navigation method.

The Zaliv satellites had a launch mass of 800 kg and consisted of a 2.04 m diameter drum shaped bus with a height of 3 m. They were developed at NPO-PM. The satellites features an hermetically sealed, pressurized inner compartment housing the equipment. Passive attitude control was by a single-axis magneto-gravitational system featuring an extensible gravity gradient boom.

The satellites were launched by Kosmos-3M boosters from Plesetsk. Initially a 780 km orbit with 74 inclination was used. Beginning with the eighth launch, the orbital height was increased to 1000 km. With the 13th launch, the inclination was changed to 82.

The Tsiklon navigation system was later replaced by the operation Tsiklon-B system featuring Parus satellites and the civilian Tsikada system.

Nation: USSR
Type / Application: Navigation / Communication
Operator:
Contractors: NPO Prikladnoi Mekhaniki (NPO PM)
Equipment:
Configuration: KAUR-1
Propulsion:
Power: Solar cells, batteries
Lifetime:
Mass: 800 kg
Orbit: 780 km × 780 km, 74 (#1-7); 970 km × 1005 km, 74 (#8-12); 970 km × 1005 km, 82 (#13-26);
Satellite COSPAR Date LS Launch Vehicle Remarks
Kosmos 192 (Zaliv #1) 1967-116A 23.11.1967 Pl Kosmos-3M
Kosmos 220 (Zaliv #2) 1968-040A 07.05.1968 Pl Kosmos-3M
Kosmos 292 (Zaliv #3) 1969-070A 13.08.1969 Pl Kosmos-3M
Kosmos 304 (Zaliv #4) 1969-091A 21.10.1969 Pl Kosmos-3M
Kosmos 332 (Zaliv #5) 1970-028A 11.04.1970 Pl Kosmos-3M
Kosmos 371 (Zaliv #6) 1970-083A 12.10.1970 Pl Kosmos-3M
Kosmos 385 (Zaliv #7) 1970-108A 12.12.1970 Pl LC-132/2 Kosmos-3M
Kosmos 422 (Zaliv #8) 1971-046A 22.05.1971 Pl LC-132/1 Kosmos-3M
Kosmos 465 (Zaliv #9) 1971-111A 15.12.1971 Pl LC-132/2 Kosmos-3M
Kosmos 475 (Zaliv #10) 1972-009A 25.02.1972 Pl LC-132/2 Kosmos-3M
Kosmos 489 (Zaliv #11) 1972-035A 06.05.1972 Pl Kosmos-3M
Kosmos (562) (Zaliv #12) 1973-F03 25.05.1973 Pl LC-132/1 F Kosmos-3M
Kosmos 574 (Zaliv #13) 1973-042A 20.06.1973 Pl LC-132/1 Kosmos-3M
Kosmos 586 (Zaliv #14) 1973-065A 14.09.1973 Pl LC-132/2 Kosmos-3M
Kosmos 627 (Zaliv #15) 1973-109A 29.12.1973 Pl LC-132/2 Kosmos-3M
Kosmos 628 (Zaliv #16) 1974-001A 17.01.1974 Pl LC-132/2 Kosmos-3M
Kosmos 663 (Zaliv #17) 1974-048A 27.06.1974 Pl LC-132/1 Kosmos-3M
Kosmos 689 (Zaliv #18) 1974-079A 18.10.1974 Pl LC-132/2 Kosmos-3M
Kosmos 729 (Zaliv #19) 1975-034A 22.04.1975 Pl LC-132/1 Kosmos-3M
Kosmos 800 (Zaliv #20) 1976-011A 03.02.1976 Pl LC-132/1 Kosmos-3M
Kosmos 823 (Zaliv #21) 1976-051A 02.06.1976 Pl LC-132/2 Kosmos-3M
Kosmos 846 (Zaliv #22) 1976-078A 29.07.1976 Pl LC-132/1 Kosmos-3M
Kosmos 890 (Zaliv #23) 1977-004A 20.01.1977 Pl LC-132/1 Kosmos-3M
Kosmos 962 (Zaliv #24) 1977-107A 28.10.1977 Pl LC-132/1 Kosmos-3M
Kosmos 994 (Zaliv #25) 1978-028A 15.03.1978 Pl LC-132/2 Kosmos-3M
Kosmos 1027 (Zaliv #26) 1978-074A 27.07.1978 Pl LC-132/2 Kosmos-3M