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NPP → Suomi NPP / JPSS 1 → NOAA 20


NASA and the NPOESS Integrated Program Office (IPO) are developing NPP (NPOESS Preparatory Project) as the mission precursor to the NPOESS mission and to provide data continuity between the EOS Terra and Aqua missions and the NPOESS launch slated for late in the decade. NPP also provides the NPOESS IPO with risk reduction for the NPOESS program through early flight validation of critical NPOESS sensors.

Ball Aerospace will employ a modified BCP-2000 to accommodate NPP's five instruments:

  • Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS)
  • Cross-track Infrared Sounder (CrIS)
  • Advanced Technology Microwave Sounder (ATMS)
  • Ozone Mapper/Profiler Suite (OMPS)
  • Clouds and the Earth Radiant Energy System (CERES)

These instruments will study global change, including atmospheric temperature and humidity sounding, sea-surface temperature, land and ocean biological productivity, cloud and aerosol properties and global ozone levels. The Ozone Mapping and Profiler Suite Limb Subsystem (OMPS-Limb) was added after it has been removed from NPOESS in 2006.

After the cancellation of NPOESS in 2010, NPP is the only element retained. It will be used as an operational meteorological satellite in the JPSS (Joint Polar Satellite System).

NPP was successfully launched on a Delta-7920-10C booster from Vandenberg Air Force Base. After initial check out in orbit, NASA renamed the spacecraft on 24th January 2012 to Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership, or Suomi NPP in honor of the late Verner E. Suomi, a meteorologist at the University of Wisconsin who is recognized widely as "the father of satellite meteorology."

A second, nearly identical satellite called JPSS 1 has been ordered in September 2010 for launch in 2016. It will also be launched on a Delta-7920-10C rocket. The differences to NPP are: increased mission assurance requirements, increased lifetime to seven years, and addition of a Ka-band downlink.

Nation: USA
Type / Application: Meteorology
Operator: NASA, NOAA
Contractors: Ball Aerospace
Configuration: BCP-2000
Power: Deployable solar array, batteries
Lifetime: 5 year mission, 7 year design (NPP); 7 years (JPSS 1)
Mass: 1976 kg (NPP); 2540 kg (JPSS 1)
Orbit: 817 km × 823 km, 98.71 (#NPP)
Satellite COSPAR Date LS Launch Vehicle Remarks
NPP → Suomi NPP 2011-061A 28.10.2011 Va SLC-2W Delta-7920-10C with RAX 2, DICE 1, DICE 2, AubieSat 1, M-Cubed/COVE, E1P U2
JPSS 1 → NOAA 20 2017-073A 18.11.2017 Va SLC-2W Delta-7920-10C with MiRaTA, Buccaneer RMM, EagleSat, RadFxSat (Fox 1B), MakerSat 0


Further NPOESS missions:
Further JPSS missions:

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