Soyuz-TMA 7 [NASA]
The Soyuz TMA crewed spacecraft has been developed as a modification on the basis of a Soyuz TM spacecraft in accordance with intergovernmental agreements between Russia and the USA and is an integral part of the International Space Station (ISS) Complex. It is to provide rescue of the main crew of the station in emergency and delivery of visiting crews.
During the flight the spacecraft fulfills the following tasks:
The basic modifications of the Soyuz TM spacecraft are connected with implementation of requirements for enlargement of crew anthropometric parameter range up to the values acceptable for the American astronaut contingent, and with increase of crew protection level from shock loads by decreasing landing speeds and improving shock-absorption of its chairs.
To denote the modification of this spacecraft in design and general technical documentation, the name "Soyuz TMA" (anthropometric) was adopted.
For implementation of the above requirements on the baseline Soyuz TM spacecraft the following basic modifications in layout, design and onboard systems of the descent module (DM) were made without increase of its dimensions:
In addition to the above changes, separate systems and assemblies were modified on the Soyuz TMA spacecraft. The modifications are mainly connected with transfer to new components and introduction of design improvements.
|Type / Application:||Crewed spacecraft|
|Power:||2 deployable fixed solar arrays, batteries|
|Orbit:||400 km × 400 km, 51.6° (typical)|
|Soyuz-TMA 1 (№211)||2002-050A||30.10.2002||Ba LC-1/5||Soyuz-FG|
|Soyuz-TMA 2 (№212)||2003-016A||26.04.2003||Ba LC-1/5||Soyuz-FG|
|Soyuz-TMA 3 (№213)||2003-047A||18.10.2003||Ba LC-1/5||Soyuz-FG|
|Soyuz-TMA 4 (№214)||2004-013A||19.04.2004||Ba LC-1/5||Soyuz-FG|
|Soyuz-TMA 5 (№215)||2004-040A||14.10.2004||Ba LC-1/5||Soyuz-FG|
|Soyuz-TMA 6 (№216)||2005-013A||15.04.2005||Ba LC-1/5||Soyuz-FG|
|Soyuz-TMA 7 (№217)||2005-039A||01.10.2005||Ba LC-1/5||Soyuz-FG|
|Soyuz-TMA 8 (№218)||2006-009A||30.03.2006||Ba LC-1/5||Soyuz-FG|
|Soyuz-TMA 9 (№219)||2006-040A||18.09.2006||Ba LC-1/5||Soyuz-FG|
|Soyuz-TMA 10 (№220)||2007-008A||07.04.2007||Ba LC-1/5||Soyuz-FG|
|Soyuz-TMA 11 (№221)||2007-045A||10.10.2007||Ba LC-1/5||Soyuz-FG|
|Soyuz-TMA 12 (№222)||2008-015A||08.04.2008||Ba LC-1/5||Soyuz-FG|
|Soyuz-TMA 13 (№223)||2008-050A||12.10.2008||Ba LC-1/5||Soyuz-FG|
|Soyuz-TMA 14 (№224)||2009-015A||26.03.2009||Ba LC-1/5||Soyuz-FG|
|Soyuz-TMA 15 (№225)||2009-030A||27.05.2009||Ba LC-1/5||Soyuz-FG|
|Soyuz-TMA 16 (№226)||2009-053A||30.09.2009||Ba LC-1/5||Soyuz-FG|
|Soyuz-TMA 17 (№227)||2009-074A||20.12.2009||Ba LC-1/5||Soyuz-FG|
|Soyuz-TMA 18 (№228)||2010-011A||02.04.2010||Ba LC-1/5||Soyuz-FG|
|Soyuz-TMA 19 (№229)||2010-029A||15.06.2010||Ba LC-1/5||Soyuz-FG|
|Soyuz-TMA 20 (№230)||2010-067A||15.12.2010||Ba LC-1/5||Soyuz-FG|
|Soyuz-TMA 21 (№231)||2011-012A||04.04.2011||Ba LC-1/5||Soyuz-FG|
|Soyuz-TMA 22 (№232)||2011-067A||14.11.2011||Ba LC-1/5||Soyuz-FG|