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Soyuz-TMA 01M - 20M (7K-STMA, 11F732A47)

Soyuz-TMA 09M [NASA]

The modified Soyuz TMA crewed spacecraft for transporting Crews to the ISS has been developed on the basis of a Soyuz TMA spacecraft. In the new version, the Argon-16 computer (introduced on Soyuz-T back in the 1970s) is replaced by the new TsVM-101 computer. The latter is a much more capable computer, is almost 10 times lighter (8.3 kg vs. 70 kg) and much smaller. The analogue telemetry system is also replaced by a smaller digital telemetry system called MBITS.

It is to provide rescue of the main crew of the station in emergency and delivery of visiting crews.

During the flight the spacecraft fulfills the following tasks:

  • delivery of a visiting crew consisting of up to three persons and small accompanying cargoes
  • constant availability of the spacecraft, attached to the station during its crewed flight, in the standby mode to be ready for emergency descent of the main crew onto the ground in case of hazardous situation on the station, cosmonaut illness or injury, etc. (assured crew return vehicle function);
  • planned descent of the visiting crew onto the ground;
  • returning to the ground, together with the crew, payloads of relatively low mass and volume
  • disposal of wastes from the station in the living compartment to be burned down in the atmosphere during descent.

During a pressure test, the descent module of vehicle №704 was damaged beyond repair. The descent module was replaced with the one, which was originally planned to be used in vehicle №707. This repaired vehicle received the serial number №704A and flew on the Soyuz-TMA 07M mission.

During the missions of both Soyuz-TMA 14M and Soyuz-TMA 17M, one of the solar arrays remained stuck after launch and deployed only during the docking with the ISS.

Nation: Russia
Type / Application: Crewed spacecraft
Propulsion: KTDU-80 (S5.80)
Power: 2 deployable fixed solar arrays, batteries
Satellite COSPAR Date LS Launch Vehicle Remarks
Soyuz-TMA 01M (№701) 2010-052A 07.10.2010 Ba LC-1/5 Soyuz-FG
Soyuz-TMA 02M (№702) 2011-023A 07.06.2011 Ba LC-1/5 Soyuz-FG
Soyuz-TMA 03M (№703) 2011-078A 21.12.2011 Ba LC-1/5 Soyuz-FG
Soyuz-TMA 04M (№705) 2012-022A 15.05.2012 Ba LC-1/5 Soyuz-FG
Soyuz-TMA 05M (№706) 2012-037A 15.07.2012 Ba LC-1/5 Soyuz-FG
Soyuz-TMA 06M (№707) 2012-058A 23.10.2012 Ba LC-31/6 Soyuz-FG
Soyuz-TMA 07M (№704A) 2012-074A 19.12.2012 Ba LC-1/5 Soyuz-FG
Soyuz-TMA 08M (№708) 2013-013A 28.03.2013 Ba LC-1/5 Soyuz-FG
Soyuz-TMA 09M (№709) 2013-025A 28.05.2013 Ba LC-1/5 Soyuz-FG
Soyuz-TMA 10M (№710) 2013-054A 25.09.2013 Ba LC-1/5 Soyuz-FG
Soyuz-TMA 11M (№711) 2013-061A 07.11.2013 Ba LC-1/5 Soyuz-FG
Soyuz-TMA 12M (№712) 2014-013A 25.03.2014 Ba LC-1/5 Soyuz-FG
Soyuz-TMA 13M (№713) 2014-031A 28.05.2014 Ba LC-1/5 Soyuz-FG
Soyuz-TMA 14M (№714) 2014-057A 25.09.2014 Ba LC-1/5 Soyuz-FG
Soyuz-TMA 15M (№715) 2014-074A 23.11.2014 Ba LC-31/6 Soyuz-FG
Soyuz-TMA 16M (№716) 2015-016A 27.03.2015 Ba LC-1/5 Soyuz-FG
Soyuz-TMA 17M (№717) 2015-035A 20.07.2015 Ba LC-1/5 Soyuz-FG
Soyuz-TMA 18M (№718) 2015-043A 02.09.2015 Ba LC-1/5 Soyuz-FG
Soyuz-TMA 19M (№719) 2015-076A 15.12.2015 Ba LC-1/5 Soyuz-FG
Soyuz-TMA 20M (№720) 2016-018A 18.03.2016 Ba LC-1/5 Soyuz-FG


  • Energiya Website

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