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Soyuz-MS 01 - 20 (11F732A48)

Soyuz-MS 23 [NASA]

The Soyuz MS crewed spacecraft has been developed on the basis of a Soyuz TMA-M spacecraft.

Soyuz-MS introduces following upgrades:

  • more efficient solar panels
  • the new Kurs-NA approach and docking system, which has a mass of less than half that of its predecessor
  • additional micro-meteoroid debris shielding
  • a modified docking and attitude control engine which will add redundancy during docking and deorbit burns.
  • a main computer, TsVM-101, which has a mass (8.3 kg) of only one-eighth that of its Argon-16 predecessor (70 kg) and a smaller volume.
  • a unified digital command/telemetry system that allows telemetry to be transmitted via Luch relay satellites for control of the spacecraft as well as to provide crew with positioning data when the spacecraft is out of range of ground tracking stations.
  • upgraded GLONASS / GPS and COSPAS-SARSAT satellite systems to provide more accurate location services during search/rescue operations after landing.

Soyuz-MS is to provide rescue of the main crew of the station in emergency and delivery of visiting crews.

During the flight the spacecraft fulfills the following tasks:

  • delivery of a visiting crew consisting of up to three persons and small accompanying cargoes
  • constant availability of the spacecraft, attached to the station during its crewed flight, in the standby mode to be ready for emergency descent of the main crew onto the ground in case of hazardous situation on the station, cosmonaut illness or injury, etc. (assured crew return vehicle function);
  • planned descent of the visiting crew onto the ground;
  • returning to the ground, together with the crew, payloads of relatively low mass and volume
  • disposal of wastes from the station in the living compartment to be burned down in the atmosphere during descent.
Nation: Russia
Type / Application: Crewed spacecraft
Propulsion: KTDU-80 (S5.80)
Power: 2 deployable fixed solar arrays, batteries
Orbit: 400 km × 400 km, 51.6 (typical)
Satellite COSPAR Date LS Launch Vehicle Remarks
Soyuz-MS 01 (№731) 2016-044A 07.07.2016 Ba LC-1/5 Soyuz-FG
Soyuz-MS 02 (№732) 2016-063A 19.10.2016 Ba LC-31/6 Soyuz-FG
Soyuz-MS 03 (№733) 2016-070A 17.11.2016 Ba LC-1/5 Soyuz-FG
Soyuz-MS 04 (№735) 2017-020A 20.04.2017 Ba LC-1/5 Soyuz-FG
Soyuz-MS 05 (№736) 2017-043A 28.07.2017 Ba LC-1/5 Soyuz-FG
Soyuz-MS 06 (№734) 2017-054A 12.09.2017 Ba LC-1/5 Soyuz-FG
Soyuz-MS 07 (№737) 2017-081A 17.12.2017 Ba LC-1/5 Soyuz-FG
Soyuz-MS 08 (№738) 2018-026A 21.03.2018 Ba LC-1/5 Soyuz-FG
Soyuz-MS 09 (№739) 2018-051A 06.06.2018 Ba LC-1/5 Soyuz-FG
Soyuz-MS 10 (№740) 2018-F01 11.10.2018 Ba LC-1/5 Soyuz-FG
Soyuz-MS 11 (№741) 2018-098A 03.12.2018 Ba LC-1/5 Soyuz-FG
Soyuz-MS 12 (№742) 2019-013A 14.03.2019 Ba LC-1/5 Soyuz-FG
Soyuz-MS 13 (№743) 2019-041A 20.07.2019 Ba LC-1/5 Soyuz-FG
Soyuz-MS 14 (№744) 2019-055A 22.08.2019 Ba LC-31/6 Soyuz-2-1a
Soyuz-MS 15 (№745) 2019-064A 25.09.2019 Ba LC-31/6 Soyuz-FG
Soyuz-MS 16 (№746) 2020-023A 09.04.2020 Ba LC-31/6 Soyuz-2-1a
Soyuz-MS 17 (№747) 2020-072A 14.10.2020 Ba LC-31/6 Soyuz-2-1a
Soyuz-MS 18 (№748, Yu. A. Gagarin) 2021-029A 09.04.2021 Ba LC-31/6 Soyuz-2-1a
Soyuz-MS 19 (№749) 2021-089A 05.10.2021 Ba LC-31/6 Soyuz-2-1a
Soyuz-MS 20 (№752) 2021-119A 08.12.2021 Ba LC-31/6 Soyuz-2-1a
Soyuz-MS 21 (№750, S. P. Korolev) 2022-028A 18.03.2022 Ba LC-31/6 Soyuz-2-1a
Soyuz-MS 22 (№751) 2022-116A 21.09.2022 Ba LC-31/6 Soyuz-2-1a
Soyuz-MS 23 (№754) 2023-024A 24.02.2023 Ba LC-31/6 Soyuz-2-1a
Soyuz-MS 24 (№755) 2023-143A 15.09.2023 Ba LC-31/6 Soyuz-2-1a


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