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Fregat

Fregat

Fregat-M

Fregat-MT

Fregat-SB

Flight qualified in 2000, the Fregat upper stage is an autonomous and flexible upper stage that is designed to operate as an orbital vehicle. It extends the capability of the lower three stages of the Soyuz vehicle to provide access to a full range of orbits (MEO, SSO, GTO, escape). In order to provide the Fregat with high initial reliability and to speed up the development process, several flight-proven subsystems and components from previous spacecraft and rockets are incorporated into the upper stage.

The upper stage consists of 6 spherical tanks (4 for propellant, 2 for avionics) arrayed in a circle, with trusses passing through the tanks to provide structural support. The stage is independent from the lower three stages, having its own guidance, navigation, control, tracking, and telemetry systems.

The stage uses storable propellants (UDMH/NTO) and can be restarted up to 20 times in flight, thus enabling it to carry out complex mission profiles. It can provide the customer with 3-axis stabilization or spin-up of their spacecraft.

Stage Fregat Fregat-M Fregat-MT Fregat-SB
Nation: Russia Russia Russia Russia
StageType / Application: Upper stage Upper stage Upper stage Upper stage
Contractors:
Configuratation:
Propulsion: S5.98M S5.98M S5.98M S5.98M
Fuel: UDMH / N2O4 UDMH / N2O4 UDMH / N2O4 UDMH / N2O4
Mass (total):
Mass (dry):
Mass (fuel):
Length:
Diameter:
Used with: Soyuz-U Fregat, Soyuz-FG Fregat, Soyuz-2-1a Fregat, Soyuz-STA Fregat, Soyuz-2-1b Fregat Soyuz-2-1a Fregat-M, Soyuz-STA Fregat-M, Soyuz-2-1b Fregat-M Soyuz-STB Fregat-MT Zenit-3F
No:   Type:  Stage         LV                      Serial   Date:         LS          Fair  Payload

 1       1   Fregat        Soyuz-U Fregat          1001     08.02.2000    Ba LC-31/6  S     IRDT 1 / IRDT-Fregat / Gruzovoy Maket
 2       2   Fregat        Soyuz-U Fregat          1002     20.03.2000    Ba LC-31/6  S     Dumsat
 3       3   Fregat        Soyuz-U Fregat          1003     16.07.2000    Ba LC-31/6  S     Cluster FM6 / Cluster FM7
 4       4   Fregat        Soyuz-U Fregat          1004     09.08.2000    Ba LC-31/6  S     Cluster FM5 / Cluster FM8
 5       5   Fregat        Soyuz-FG Fregat         1005     02.06.2003    Ba LC-31/6  S     Mars Express / Beagle 2
 6       6   Fregat        Soyuz-FG Fregat         1006     27.12.2003    Ba LC-31/6  S     AMOS 2
 7       7   Fregat        Soyuz-FG Fregat         1007     13.08.2005    Ba LC-31/6  S     Galaxy 14
 8       8   Fregat        Soyuz-FG Fregat         1010     09.11.2005    Ba LC-31/6  S     Venus Express
 9       9   Fregat        Soyuz-FG Fregat         1009     28.12.2005    Ba LC-31/6  S     GIOVE A (GSTB v2A)
10      10   Fregat        Soyuz-2-1a Fregat       1011     19.10.2006    Ba LC-31/6  ST    METOP A
11      11   Fregat        Soyuz-2-1a Fregat       1012     24.12.2006    Pl LC-43/4  SF    Meridian 1
12      12   Fregat        Soyuz-2-1b Fregat       1013     27.12.2006    Ba LC-31/6  SL    COROT
13      13   Fregat        Soyuz-FG Fregat         1016     29.05.2007    Ba LC-31/6  SL    Globalstar 65 / 69 / 71 / 72 
14      14   Fregat        Soyuz-FG Fregat         1015     20.10.2007    Ba LC-31/6  SL    Globalstar 66 / 67 / 68 / 70
15      15   Fregat        Soyuz-FG Fregat         1015-2   14.12.2007    Ba LC-31/6  SL    Radarsat 2
16      16   Fregat        Soyuz-FG Fregat         1008     26.04.2008    Ba LC-31/6  S     GIOVE B (GSTB v2B)
17      17   Fregat        Soyuz-2-1a Fregat       1018     21.05.2009 P  Pl LC-43/4  SF    Meridian 2
18      18   Fregat        Soyuz-2-1b Fregat       1014     17.09.2009    Ba LC-31/6  ST    Meteor-M 1 / Sterkh 2 / Universitetsky 2 / UGATUSAT / BLITS / IRIS
19       1   Fregat-M      Soyuz-2-1a Fregat-M     1023     19.10.2010    Ba LC-31/6  ST    Globalstar 73 / 74 / 75 / 76 / 77 / 79
20       2   Fregat-M      Soyuz-2-1a Fregat-M     1022     02.11.2010    Pl LC-43/4  SF    Meridian 3
21       1   Fregat-SB     Zenit-3F                2001     20.01.2011    Ba LC-45/1        Elektro-L 1
22       3   Fregat-M      Soyuz-2-1b Fregat-M     1035     26.02.2011    Pl LC-43/4  SF    Kosmos 2471 (Uragan-K1 #1)
23       4   Fregat-M      Soyuz-2-1a Fregat-M     1028     04.05.2011    Pl LC-43/4  SF    Meridian 4
24       5   Fregat-M      Soyuz-2-1a Fregat-M     1024     13.07.2011    Ba LC-31/6  ST    Globalstar 81 / 83 / 85 / 88 / 89 / 91
25       2   Fregat-SB     Zenit-3F                2002     18.07.2011    Ba LC-45/1        Spektr-R (Radio-Astron)
26       6   Fregat-M      Soyuz-2-1b Fregat-M     1045     02.10.2011    Pl LC-43/4  SF    Kosmos 2474 (Uragan-M #33)
27       1   Fregat-MT     Soyuz-STB Fregat-MT     1030     21.10.2011    Ko ELS      ST    Galileo-IOV PFM / Galileo-IOV FM2
28       3   Fregat-SB §   Zenit-2FG               2003     08.11.2011 F  Ba LC-45/1        Fobos-Grunt / Yinghuo 1
29       7   Fregat-M      Soyuz-2-1b Fregat-M     1046     28.11.2011    Pl LC-43/4  SF    Kosmos 2478 (Uragan-M #37)
30      19   Fregat        Soyuz-STA Fregat        1021     17.12.2011    Ko ELS      ST    Pléiades-HR 1A / SSOT / ELISA 1 / ELISA 2 / ELISA 3 / ELISA 4
31       8   Fregat-M      Soyuz-2-1b Fregat-M     1042     23.12.2011 f  Pl LC-43/4  SF    Meridian 5
32       9   Fregat-M      Soyuz-2-1a Fregat-M     1027     28.12.2011    Ba LC-31/6  ST    Globalstar 80 / 82 / 84 / 86 / 90 / 92
33      20   Fregat        Soyuz-FG Fregat         1019     22.07.2012    Ba LC-31/6  SL    Kanopus-V 1 / BKA / Zond-PP / exactView 1 / TET 1
34      10   Fregat-M      Soyuz-2-1a Fregat-M     1037     17.09.2012    Ba LC-31/6  ST    METOP B
35       2   Fregat-MT     Soyuz-STB Fregat-MT     1031     12.10.2012    Ko ELS      ST    Galileo-IOV FM3 / Galileo-IOV FM4
36      11   Fregat-M      Soyuz-2-1a Fregat-M     1034     14.11.2012    Pl LC-43/4  SF    Meridian 6
37      21   Fregat        Soyuz-STA Fregat        1020     02.12.2012    Ko ELS      ST    Pléiades-HR 1B
38      12   Fregat-M      Soyuz-2-1a Fregat-M     1029     06.02.2013    Ba LC-31/6  ST    Globalstar 78 / 93 / 94 / 95 / 96 / 97
39      13   Fregat-M      Soyuz-2-1b Fregat-M     1047     26.04.2013    Pl LC-43/4  SF    Kosmos 2485 (Uragan-M #38)
40       3   Fregat-MT     Soyuz-STB Fregat-MT     1041     25.06.2013    Ko ELS      ST    O3b 1 / O3b 2 / O3b 4 / O3b 5
41       4   Fregat-MT     Soyuz-STB Fregat-MT     1040     19.12.2013    Ko ELS      ST    Gaia
42      14   Fregat-M      Soyuz-2-1b Fregat-M     112-01   23.03.2014    Pl LC-43/4  SF    Kosmos 2494 (Uragan-M #42)
43      15   Fregat-M      Soyuz-STA Fregat-M      1038     03.04.2014    Ko ELS      ST    Sentinel 1A
44      16   Fregat-M      Soyuz-2-1b Fregat-M     112-02   14.06.2014    Pl LC-43/4  SF    Kosmos 2500 (Uragan-M #43)
45      17   Fregat-M      Soyuz-2-1b Fregat-M     1025     08.07.2014    Ba LC-31/6  ST    Meteor-M 2 / Relek / TechDemoSat 1 / SkySat 2 / DX 1 / UKube 1 /
                                                                                            M3MSat-Dummy
46       5   Fregat-MT     Soyuz-STB Fregat-MT     1032     10.07.2014    Ko ELS      ST    O3b 3 / O3b 6 / O3b 7 / O3b 8
47       6   Fregat-MT     Soyuz-STB Fregat-MT     1039     22.08.2014 P  Ko ELS      ST    Galileo 5 / Galileo 6
48      18   Fregat-M      Soyuz-2-1a Fregat-M     1026     30.10.2014    Pl LC-43/4  SF    Meridian 7
49      19   Fregat-M      Soyuz-2-1b Fregat-M     1044     30.11.2014    Pl LC-43/4  SF    Kosmos 2501 (Uragan-K1 #2)
50       7   Fregat-MT     Soyuz-STB Fregat-MT     133-01   18.12.2014    Ko ELS      ST    O3b 9 / O3b 10 / O3b 11 / O3b 12
51       8   Fregat-MT     Soyuz-STB Fregat-MT     133-02   27.03.2015    Ko ELS      ST    Galileo 7 / Galileo 8
52       9   Fregat-MT     Soyuz-STB Fregat-MT     133-03   11.09.2015    Ko ELS      ST    Galileo 9 / Galileo 10
53      10   Fregat-M      Soyuz-2-1b Fregat-M     1033     17.11.2015    Pl LC-43/4  SF    Kosmos 2510 (Tundra #1)
54       2   Fregat-SB     Zenit-3F                2004     11.12.2015    Ba LC-45/1        Elektro-L 2
55      10   Fregat-MT     Soyuz-STB Fregat-MT     133-04   17.12.2015    Ko ELS      ST    Galileo 11 / Galileo 12
56      20   Fregat-M      Soyuz-2-1b Fregat-M     112-03   07.02.2016    Pl LC-43/4  SF    Kosmos 2514 (Uragan-M #44)
57      21   Fregat-M      Soyuz-STA Fregat-M      133-08   25.04.2016    Ko ELS      ST    Sentinel 1B / MICROSCOPE / AAUSAT 4 / e-st@r 2 / OUFTI 1
58      11   Fregat-MT     Soyuz-STB Fregat-MT     133-05   24.05.2017    Ko ELS      ST    Galileo 13 / Galileo 14
59      22   Fregat-M      Soyuz-2-1b Fregat-M     112-04   29.05.2016    Pl LC-43/4  SF    Kosmos 2516 (Uragan-M #45)


planned:

xx       x   Fregat-?      Soyuz-2-1? Fregat-?     1036     xx.xx.20xx    ?                 ?
xx       x   Fregat-?      Soyuz-2-1? Fregat-?     1045     xx.xx.20xx    ?                 ?
xx       x   Fregat-M      Soyuz-2-1b Fregat-M     122-01   xx.xx.20xx    Ba LC-31/6        Luna-Glob
xx       x   Fregat-M      Soyuz-2-1b Fregat-M     122-02   xx.xx.20xx    Ba LC-31/6        Kanopus-V-IK 1 / Zond / Zvesda / CICERO 1 / Corvus-BC 1 /
                                                                                            Corvus-BC 2 / Perseus-O 1 / Perseus-O 2 / Perseus-O 3 / Perseus-O 4 
                                                                                            MKA-N 1 / MKA-N 2 / Flock-2k 1, ..., x / x × Lemur / Mayak / (Tyvak)
xx       x   Fregat-M      Soyuz-2-1a Fregat-M     122-03   xx.xx.2017    Vo LC-1S    ST    Kanopus-V 3 / Kanopus-V 4
xx       x   Fregat-M      Soyuz-2-1b Fregat-M     122-04   xx.xx.20xx    Ba LC-31/6  ST    Meteor-M 2-1 / Ionosfera 1 / Ionosfera 2 / Baumanets 2 /
                                                                                            Flying Laptop / SCOUT / TechnoSat / NORSAT 1 / AISSat 3 /
                                                                                            Flock-2 1,..., xx / SEAM
xx       x   Fregat-M      Soyuz-2-1b Fregat-M     122-05   xx.xx.2016    Ba LC-31/6        Kosmos 25xx (Uragan-M #46)
xx       x   Fregat-MT     Soyuz-STB Fregat-MT     133-06   xx.xx.20xx    Ko ELS      ST    ?
xx       x   Fregat-MT     Soyuz-STB Fregat-MT     133-07   xx.xx.2018    Ko ELS      ST    METOP C
xx       x   Fregat-SB     Zenit-3F                222-01   xx.xx.20xx    Ba LC-45/1        Lybid 1
xx       x   Fregat-SB     Zenit-3F                2006     xx.xx.20xx    Ba LC-45/1        Spektr-RG (SXG)


Launch sites:

Ko  = Centre Spatial Guyanais (CSG), Kourou, French Guiana French Guiana
Ba  = Baikonur (Tyuratam, NIIP-5, GIK-5), Tyuratam, Kazakhstan Kazakhstan
Pl  = Plesetsk (NIIP-53, GIK-1, GNIIP), Russia Russia


§	Fregat was part of the payload
F	Failure (Fregat)
P	Partial Failure (Fregat)
f	Failure (non Fregat)