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Uragan-K1 (GLONASS-K1)


Uragan-K1 or GLONASS-K1 (originally called Uragan-K) spacecraft are the third generation of GLONASS navigation satellites. These satellites have an increased lifetime of 10 - 12 years, reduced weight of only 935 kg and offer an additional L-Band navigational signal.

GLONASS (Globalnaya Navigationnaya Sputnikovaya Sistema, Global Orbiting Navigation Satellite System) is a Russian space-based navigation system comparable to the American GPS system, which consists of Uragan spacecraft. The operational system contains 21 satellites in 3 orbital planes, with 3 on-orbit spares. GLONASS provides 100 meters accuracy with its C/A (deliberately degraded) signals and 10-20 meter accuracy with its P (military) signals.

The Uragan-K1 spacecraft are 3-Axis stabilized, nadir pointing with dual solar arrays.

The payload consists of L-Band navigation signals in 25 channels separated by 0.5625 MHz intervals in two frequency bands: 1602.5625 - 1615.5 MHz and 1240 - 1260 MHz. EIRP 25 to 27 dBW. Right hand circular polarized. On-board cesium clocks provide time accuracy to 1000 nanoseconds. A civil reference signal on L2 frequency is to be added after the completion of flight testing of Glonass-M in 2004 to substantially increase the accuracy of navigation relaying on civil signals. A third civil reference signal within the new frequency band of 1164-1215 MHz offered by the Glonass-K1 satellite to enable civil airlines to use satellite-aided positioning as the primary navigation facility.

The new Uragan-K1 spacecraft also carries instrumentation of the KOSPAS-SARSAT international search-and-rescue system.

The two Uragan-K1 spacecraft will be launched from Plesetsk on Soyuz-2-1b Fregat-M boosters. They were built to be launched in pairs, but as only the two prototypes were built, this was not used.

After the two prototypes, this series will be replaced with the improved operational Uragan-K2 (GLONASS-K2) series.

Nation: Russia
Type / Application: Navigation
Contractors: ISS Reshetnev (ex NPO Prikladnoi Mekhaniki, NPO PM)
Equipment: ?
Configuration: Ekspress-1000A bus (3-Axis stabilized, 2 solar arrays)
Propulsion: ?
Power: 2 deployable solar arrays, batteries
Lifetime: 10 years
Mass: 935 kg
Orbit: 19100 km × 19100 km, 64.8
Satellite COSPAR Date LS Launch Vehicle Remarks
Kosmos 2471 (Uragan-K1 #1, 11L) 2011-009A 26.02.2011 Pl LC-43/4 Soyuz-2-1b Fregat-M
Kosmos 2502 ? (Uragan-K1 #2, 12L) 2014-075A 30.11.2014 Pl LC-43/4 Soyuz-2-1b Fregat-M
Further Uragan / GLONASS missions: