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Pléiades-HR 1A, 1B

Pléiades-HR [Astrium]

Pléiades is the CNES (French national space agency) program designed as the follow-on to its highly successful Spot series of low Earth orbit (LEO) multi-mission observation satellites, which has operated an uninterrupted service since 1986.

The Pléiades-HR satellites are the high-resolution optical imaging component of the French-Italian Orfeo system, for which Italy is supplying the COSMO-Skymed radar component.

The ground resolution of the HiRI (High-Resolution Imager) will be 70 cm across a 20 km swath, while a very high degree of agility will allow them to acquire several images successively along track or off track, for mosaicking of ground scenes. The onboard storage capacity has been increased to 600 gigabits and the downlink data rate to 450 megabits per second.

The 1,000 kg satellites will have a design lifetime of five years and onboard power capacity of 1,000 W.

Astrium is prime contractor for Pléiades satellite bus, including all functions dedicated to satellite control and monitoring as well as payload data handling and transmission, and is responsible for software development and satellite validation. Alcatel Space is responsible for the high-resolution instruments and image telemetry.

The satellites are coorbital with the lower resolution SPOT 6 and 7 satellites.

Nation: France
Type / Application: Earth Observing
Operator: CNES
Contractors: Astrium (prime), Alcatel
Equipment: HiRI
Configuration: AstroSat-1000
Propulsion: 4 × 15 Nms hydrazine thrusters
Power: 3 deployable solar arrays, batteries
Lifetime: 5 years
Mass: 970 kg
Orbit: 695 km × 695 km, 98.2º
Satellite COSPAR Date LS Launch Vehicle Remarks
Pléiades-HR 1A 2011-076F 17.12.2011 Ko ELS Soyuz-STA Fregat with SSOT, ELISA 1, ELISA 2, ELISA 3, ELISA 4
Pléiades-HR 1B 2012-068A 02.12.2012 Ko ELS Soyuz-STA Fregat