The Russian lunar lander mission Luna-Glob or Luna 25 will be the next Russian lunar mission after a decades-long hiatus.
After a very convoluted definition process, going from orbiter missions with impactors and small landers, to combined orbiter and lander missions, the mission was finally developed as a lunar polar lander.
The lander will land near the Lunar south pole at the Boguslavsky crater. It will carry a 30 kg science payload containing a soil-sampling robotic arm and possibly additional surface-drilling hardware.
Luna 25 will feature a 30 kg payload composed by 9 notional science instruments:
ESA's Pilot-D navigation camera was to be flown on Luna-25, but was removed due to sanctions resulting from the Russian invasion in Ukraine.
Launch is planned on a Soyuz-2-1b Fregat rocket, either from Baikonur or Vostoichny. Although a launch in 2018 or 2019 was baselined, it was delayed to at least 2022. Due to software issues, the launch was postponed to 2023.
|Type / Application:||Lunar lander|
|Power:||Solar cells, RTG, batteries|
|Lifetime:||> 1 year|
|Luna 25 (Luna-Glob Lander)||-||2023||Vo LC-1S||Soyuz-2-1b Fregat|