Earlybird 1 [OSC]
EarlyBird 1, a remote sensing satellite built by CTA Space Systems (now part of Orbital Sciences Corporation (OSC)) for EarthWatch, Inc., was to provide high resolution commercial imagery. EarthWatch planed to offer black-and-white images with a resolution as high as 3 meters per pixel, and color images with a resolution of 15 meters per pixel. The imaging sensor was derived from NASA's cancelled Clark satellite.
A Russian Start-1 rocket, a version of the SS-25 ICBM, carried the satellite into orbit from the Svobodny cosmodrome in eastern Russia. While the launch went well, placing the satellite into a nearly circular orbit, contact was lost with the satellite four days after launch.
EarthWatch has announced that contact was lost with the satellite on 28 December 1997.
|Type / Application:||Earth observation|
|Contractors:||CTA → Orbital Sciences Corporation (OSC) (bus); Earthwatch (payload)|
|Equipment:||3-meter panchromatic camera, 15-meter multispectral camera|
|Power:||Deployable fixed solar array, batteries|
|Lifetime:||3 years (design); 5 years (fuel)|
|Orbit:||480 km × 488 km, 97.30°|
|Earlybird 1||1997-085A||24.12.1997||Sv LC-5||Start-1|