Injun 1 [UoI]
Injun 1 (under Grab 2 / Solrad 3) [UoI]
The satellite Injun 1 was the first of a series of spacecraft designed and built by the University of Iowa to study the natural and artificial trapped radiation belts, auroras and airglow, and other geophysical phenomena.
Injun 1 was launched simultaneously with Transit 4A and Solrad 3 / Grab 3. For launch, the cylindrical Injun 1 was contained in a cage-like structure between Transit 4A and Solrad 3. Transit 4A successfully separated from Injun 1, but Grab 2 (Solrad 3) did not. Injun 1 was designed to be magnetically aligned. However, due to the presence of Solrad 3 / Grab 3 (which blocked the view of the photometer), it was impossible to keep the satellite constantly oriented on the terrestrial magnetic field throughout an orbit. A single axis fluxgate magnetometer was used to monitor the orientation of the spacecraft with respect to the local magnetic field. Injun 1 had a complex spin-and-tumble motion with an ill-defined and variable period of several minutes. The satellite sent back radiation data until 6 March 1963, and is expected to be in orbit for about 900 yr.
It carried following instruments:
|Type / Application:||Research, ionosphere|
|Operator:||University of Iowa|
|Contractors:||University of Iowa|
|Power:||Solar cells, batteries|
|Orbit:||882 km × 996 km, 66.82°|
|Injun 1||1961 ο 2||29.06.1961||CC LC-17B||P||Thor-DM21 Able-Star||with Transit 4A, Grab 2 (Solrad 3)|