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Injun 1

Injun 1 [UoI]

Injun 1 (under Grab 2 / Solrad 3) [UoI]

The satellite Injun 1 was the first of a series of spacecraft designed and built by the University of Iowa to study the natural and artificial trapped radiation belts, auroras and airglow, and other geophysical phenomena.

Injun 1 was launched simultaneously with Transit 4A and Solrad 3 / Grab 3. For launch, the cylindrical Injun 1 was contained in a cage-like structure between Transit 4A and Solrad 3. Transit 4A successfully separated from Injun 1, but Grab 2 (Solrad 3) did not. Injun 1 was designed to be magnetically aligned. However, due to the presence of Solrad 3 / Grab 3 (which blocked the view of the photometer), it was impossible to keep the satellite constantly oriented on the terrestrial magnetic field throughout an orbit. A single axis fluxgate magnetometer was used to monitor the orientation of the spacecraft with respect to the local magnetic field. Injun 1 had a complex spin-and-tumble motion with an ill-defined and variable period of several minutes. The satellite sent back radiation data until 6 March 1963, and is expected to be in orbit for about 900 yr.

It carried following instruments:

  • Geiger-Mueller Counter
  • Cadmium Sulfide Detector
  • Electron Differential Energy Spectrometer
  • Auroral and Airglow
  • Fluxgate Magnetometer
  • Solid-State Proton Detector
  • 2- to 8-A and 8- to 20-A X-Ray Detectors
Nation: USA
Type / Application: Research, ionosphere
Operator: University of Iowa
Contractors: University of Iowa
Equipment: See above
Propulsion: None
Power: Solar cells, batteries
Mass: 16 kg
Orbit: 882 km × 996 km, 66.82
Satellite COSPAR Date LS Launch Vehicle Remarks
Injun 1 1961 ο 2 29.06.1961 CC LC-17B P Thor-DM21 Able-Star with Transit 4A, Grab 2 (Solrad 3)


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