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Anik B 1

Anik B1 [Telesat]

Because of the success of the Hermes program and under an arrangement between Telesat Canada and the federal government, the next satellite commissioned by Telesat - Anik B - was equipped with 4 experimental 14/12 GHz transponders in addition to 12 commercial radio frequency channels in the 6/4 GHz band used by the earlier Anik A satellites. Spacecraft construction was awarded to RCA Astro-Electronics Division.

The launch of Anik-B, on 5 December 1978 ushered in the first commercial Direct Broadcast Satellite Service (DBS). It was also the first hybrid satellite having channels in both the 6/4 GHz band and in the 14/12 GHz band. It was both a commercial satellite and an experimental platform for the Government of Canada. The former Department of Communications (DOC), in particular the Communications Research Centre (CRC) leased all of the four 14/12 GHz transponders for a two-year period, to carry on work started with the Hermes/CTS satellite. The 6/4 GHz system was used by Telesat to replace the operational capacity provided by one of the Anik-A series satellites.

Anik-B used a 3-axis stabilized spacecraft which was station-kept to within 0.05 North-South and East-West. As a result, ground station antennas did not need to track the satellite. In the 14/12 GHz portion of the spacecraft, there were four 20W TWTAs which feed four spot beams. Two TWTAs were used for two western beams and two were used for two eastern beams, for all Canada coverage.

The EIRP of 51 dBw maximum was considerably less than that of Hermes but was typical of the power levels of commercial satellites that operated in the fixed service.

Nation: Canada
Type / Application: Communication
Operator: Telesat Canada
Contractors: RCA Astro
Equipment: 12 C-band transponders, 6 Ku-band transponders
Configuration: AS-3000
Propulsion: SVM-7
Power: 2 deployable solar arrays, batteries
Mass: 920 kg
Orbit: GEO
Satellite COSPAR Date LS Launch Vehicle Remarks
Anik B1 1978-116A 16.12.1978 CC LC-17A Delta-3914 with DRIMS


  • Online Journal of Space Communication
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