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Zenit-4MK (Germes, 11F692)

Zenit-8 (Oblik) [GDK]
Zenit-4MK (Germes) similar

The Zenit-4MK, also known as Germes or 11F692, was a soviet optical high resolution reconnaissance satellite of the Vostok-based Zenit-family to replace the earlier Zenit-4M (Rotor).

The satellites consisted of the Vostok-based service and reentry modules and featured an additional maneuvering engine, which was jettisoned before reentry. The spherical reentry module returned both the cameras and the film to earth at the end of the mission. The lifetime of the battery powered spacecraft was typically 12 to 14 days.

80 satellites of this type were launched between 1969 and 1977. The return capsules could be reused several times. The were replaced by the Zenit-4MKM (Gerakl) series, but the differences between these series are not known.

Nation: USSR
Type / Application: Reconnaissance, photo (film return type)
Operator: GRU
Contractors: TsSKB
Equipment:
Configuration: Zenit bus
Propulsion: 11D82M; S5.120 (maneuver module)
Power: Batteries
Lifetime: 14 days
Mass: 6300 kg
Orbit:
Satellite COSPAR Date LS Launch Vehicle Remarks
Kosmos 317 (Zenit-4MK #1, Germes #1) 1969-109A 23.12.1969 Pl LC-41/1 Voskhod
Kosmos 328 (Zenit-4MK #2, Germes #2) 1970-022A 27.03.1970 Pl LC-41/1 Voskhod
Kosmos 364 (Zenit-4MK #3, Germes #3) 1970-075A 22.09.1970 Pl LC-41/1 Voskhod
Kosmos 383 (Zenit-4MK #4, Germes #4) 1970-104A 03.12.1970 Pl LC-43/4 Voskhod
Kosmos 427 (Zenit-4MK #5, Germes #5) 1971-055A 11.06.1971 Pl LC-43/4 Voskhod
Kosmos 438 (Zenit-4MK #6, Germes #6) 1971-077A 14.09.1971 Pl LC-41/1 Voskhod
Kosmos 488 (Zenit-4MK #7, Germes #7) 1972-034A 05.05.1972 Pl LC-43/4 Voskhod
Kosmos 515 (Zenit-4MK #8, Germes #8) 1972-063A 18.08.1972 Pl LC-43/4 Voskhod
Kosmos 527 (Zenit-4MK #9, Germes #9) 1972-086A 31.10.1972 Pl LC-43/4 Voskhod
Kosmos 550 (Zenit-4MK #10, Germes #10) 1973-011A 01.03.1973 Pl LC-41/1 Voskhod
Kosmos 554 (Zenit-4MK #11, Germes #11) 1973-021A 19.04.1973 Pl LC-43/4 Voskhod
Kosmos 556 (Zenit-4MK #12, Germes #12) 1973-025A 05.05.1973 Pl LC-41/1 Voskhod
Kosmos 559 (Zenit-4MK #13, Germes #13) 1973-030A 18.05.1973 Pl LC-43/3 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 587 (Zenit-4MK #14, Germes #14) 1973-066A 21.09.1973 Pl LC-43/3 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 597 (Zenit-4MK #15, Germes #15) 1973-071A 06.10.1973 Pl LC-41/1 Voskhod
Kosmos 602 (Zenit-4MK #16, Germes #16) 1973-077A 20.10.1973 Pl LC-43/4 Voskhod
Kosmos 607 (Zenit-4MK #17, Germes #17) 1973-087A 10.11.1973 Pl LC-43/4 Voskhod
Kosmos 612 (Zenit-4MK #18, Germes #18) 1973-095A 28.11.1973 Pl LC-43/4 Voskhod
Kosmos 625 (Zenit-4MK #19, Germes #19) 1973-105A 21.12.1973 Pl LC-43/4 Voskhod
Kosmos 630 (Zenit-4MK #20, Germes #20) 1974-004A 30.01.1974 Pl LC-43/4 Voskhod
Kosmos 636 (Zenit-4MK #21, Germes #21) 1974-016A 20.03.1974 Ba LC-31/6 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 639 (Zenit-4MK #22, Germes #22) 1974-019A 04.04.1974 Pl LC-41/1 Voskhod
Kosmos (641) (Zenit-4MK #23, Germes #23) 1974-F02 12.04.1974 Ba LC-31/6 F Voskhod
Kosmos 649 (Zenit-4MK #24, Germes #24) 1974-027A 29.04.1974 Pl LC-43/4 Voskhod
Kosmos 652 (Zenit-4MK #25, Germes #25) 1974-030A 15.05.1974 Ba LC-31/6 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 657 (Zenit-4MK #26, Germes #26) 1974-038A 30.05.1974 Pl LC-43/4 Voskhod
Kosmos 659 (Zenit-4MK #27, Germes #27) 1974-043A 13.06.1974 Pl LC-43/4 Voskhod
Kosmos 666 (Zenit-4MK #28, Germes #28) 1974-053A 12.07.1974 Pl LC-43/4 Voskhod
Kosmos 671 (Zenit-4MK #29, Germes #29) 1974-062A 07.08.1974 Pl LC-43/4 Voskhod
Kosmos 674 (Zenit-4MK #30, Germes #30) 1974-068A 29.08.1974 Ba LC-31/6 Voskhod
Kosmos 688 (Zenit-4MK #31, Germes #31) 1974-078A 18.10.1974 Pl LC-41/1 Voskhod
Kosmos 691 (Zenit-4MK #32, Germes #32) 1974-082A 25.10.1974 Ba LC-31/6 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 694 (Zenit-4MK #33, Germes #33) 1974-090A 16.11.1974 Pl LC-43/4 Voskhod
Kosmos 701 (Zenit-4MK #34, Germes #34) 1974-106A 27.12.1974 Ba LC-31/6 Voskhod
Kosmos 704 (Zenit-4MK #35, Germes #35) 1975-005A 23.01.1975 Pl LC-41/1 Voskhod
Kosmos 709 (Zenit-4MK #36, Germes #36) 1975-013A 12.02.1975 Pl LC-41/1 Voskhod
Kosmos 710 (Zenit-4MK #37, Germes #37) 1975-015A 26.02.1975 Ba LC-31/6 Voskhod
Kosmos 719 (Zenit-4MK #38, Germes #38) 1975-018A 12.03.1975 Ba LC-31/6 Voskhod
Kosmos 722 (Zenit-4MK #39, Germes #39) 1975-021A 27.03.1975 Ba LC-31/6 Voskhod
Kosmos 727 (Zenit-4MK #40, Germes #40) 1975-030A 16.04.1975 Ba LC-31/6 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 730 (Zenit-4MK #41, Germes #41) 1975-035A 24.04.1975 Pl LC-43/3 Voskhod
Kosmos 740 (Zenit-4MK #42, Germes #42) 1975-046A 28.05.1975 Ba LC-31/6 Voskhod
Kosmos 742 (Zenit-4MK #43, Germes #43) 1975-048A 03.06.1975 Pl LC-43/3 Voskhod
Kosmos 743 (Zenit-4MK #44, Germes #44) 1975-053A 12.06.1975 Pl LC-43/3 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 746 (Zenit-4MK #45, Germes #45) 1975-059A 25.06.1975 Pl LC-43/3 Voskhod
Kosmos 748 (Zenit-4MK #46, Germes #46) 1975-061A 03.07.1975 Pl LC-41/1 Voskhod
Kosmos 753 (Zenit-4MK #47, Germes #47) 1975-071A 31.07.1975 Pl LC-43/3 Voskhod
Kosmos 754 (Zenit-4MK #48, Germes #48) 1975-073A 13.08.1975 Ba LC-31/6 Voskhod
Kosmos 757 (Zenit-4MK #49, Germes #49) 1975-078A 27.08.1975 Pl LC-41/1 Voskhod
Kosmos 760 (Zenit-4MK #50, Germes #50) 1975-085A 16.09.1975 Ba LC-31/6 Voskhod
Kosmos 774 (Zenit-4MK #51, Germes #51) 1975-095A 01.10.1975 Ba LC-31/6 ? Voskhod
Kosmos 779 (Zenit-4MK #52, Germes #52) 1975-104A 04.11.1975 Pl LC-43/3 Voskhod
Kosmos 786 (Zenit-4MK #53, Germes #53) 1975-120A 16.12.1975 Ba LC-31/6 Voskhod
Kosmos 788 (Zenit-4MK #54, Germes #54) 1976-002A 07.01.1976 Pl LC-43/3 Voskhod
Kosmos 802 (Zenit-4MK #55, Germes #55) 1976-013A 11.02.1976 Ba LC-31/6 Voskhod
Kosmos 806 (Zenit-4MK #56, Germes #56) 1976-020A 10.03.1976 Pl LC-31/6 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 810 (Zenit-4MK #57, Germes #57) 1976-028A 26.03.1976 Pl LC-43/3 Voskhod
Kosmos 815 (Zenit-4MK #58, Germes #58) 1976-036A 28.04.1976 Pl LC-43/3 Voskhod
Kosmos 817 (Zenit-4MK #59, Germes #59) 1976-040A 05.05.1976 Ba LC-31/6 Voskhod
Kosmos 821 (Zenit-4MK #60, Germes #60) 1976-048A 26.05.1976 Pl LC-43/3 Voskhod
Kosmos 824 (Zenit-4MK #61, Germes #61) 1976-052A 08.06.1976 Ba LC-31/6 Voskhod
Kosmos 833 (Zenit-4MK #62, Germes #62) 1976-055A 16.06.1976 Pl LC-43/3 Voskhod
Kosmos 835 (Zenit-4MK #63, Germes #63) 1976-060A 29.06.1976 Ba LC-31/6 Voskhod
Kosmos 847 (Zenit-4MK #64, Germes #64) 1976-079A 04.08.1976 Pl LC-43/4 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 852 (Zenit-4MK #65, Germes #65) 1976-086A 28.08.1976 Ba LC-31/6 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 854 (Zenit-4MK #66, Germes #66) 1976-090A 03.09.1976 Pl LC-43/4 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 857 (Zenit-4MK #67, Germes #67) 1976-097A 24.09.1976 Pl LC-43/3 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 859 (Zenit-4MK #68, Germes #68) 1976-099A 10.10.1976 Ba LC-31/6 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 863 (Zenit-4MK #69, Germes #69) 1976-106A 25.10.1976 Pl LC-43/4 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 866 (Zenit-4MK #70, Germes #70) 1976-110A 11.11.1976 Ba LC-31/6 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 884 (Zenit-4MK #71, Germes #71) 1976-123A 17.12.1976 Ba LC-31/6 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 888 (Zenit-4MK #72, Germes #72) 1977-001A 06.01.1977 Ba LC-31/6 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 892 (Zenit-4MK #73, Germes #73) 1977-009A 09.02.1977 Pl LC-43/3 Soyuz-U
Kosmos (895) (Zenit-4MK #74, Germes #74) 1977-F01 22.02.1977 Ba LC-31/6 F Soyuz-U
Kosmos 897 (Zenit-4MK #75, Germes #75) 1977-017A 10.03.1977 Pl LC-43/3 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 902 (Zenit-4MK #76, Germes #76) 1977-026A 07.04.1977 Pl LC-43/4 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 907 (Zenit-4MK #77, Germes #77) 1977-033A 05.05.1977 Pl LC-43/3 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 908 (Zenit-4MK #78, Germes #78) 1977-035A 17.05.1977 Ba LC-31/6 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 915 (Zenit-4MK #79, Germes #79) 1977-045A 08.06.1977 Pl LC-43/4 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 920 (Zenit-4MK #80, Germes #80) 1977-052A 22.06.1977 Ba LC-31/6 Soyuz-U