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Zenit-2M/NKh (Gektor-Priroda, 11F690)

Zenit-2M / Gektor
(Zenit-2M/NKh / Gektor-Priroda
similar)

The soviet Zenit-2M/NKh (Gektor-Priroda, 11F690) was a civil earth resources version of the military Zenit-2M (Gektor) area surveillance reconnaissance satellite. It was part of the Vostok-based Zenit-family. The purpose was to map the natural resources of the earth in the interests of various branches of the national economy of the USSR and their international partners.

The satellites consisted of the Vostok-based service and reentry modules. The spherical reentry module returned both the cameras and the film to earth at the end of the mission. This version used the Ftor-2R3 camera. The battery powered spacecrafts were designed for flights durations of 12 to 13 days.

The Zenit-2M/NKh satellites could carry autonomous scientific and technical Nauka payloads from the front end of the spherical return capsule.

Nation: USSR
Type / Application: Earth observation (film return type)
Operator:
Contractors: TsSKB
Equipment:
Configuration: Zenit bus
Propulsion: 11D82M ?
Power: Batteries
Lifetime: 13 days
Mass: 6300 kg
Orbit:
Satellite COSPAR Date LS Launch Vehicle Remarks
Kosmos 741 (Zenit-2M/NKh #1, Gektor-Priroda #1) 1975-047A 30.05.1975 Pl LC-43/3 Voskhod
Kosmos 1102 (Zenit-2M/NKh #2, Gektor-Priroda #2) & Nauka-32KS 3L 1979-043A 25.05.1979 Pl LC-41/1 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 1106 (Zenit-2M/NKh #3, Gektor-Priroda #3) & Nauka-33KS 1L 1979-054A 12.06.1979 Pl LC-43/4 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 1118 (Zenit-2M/NKh #4, Gektor-Priroda #4) 1979-069A 27.07.1979 Pl LC-43/4 Soyuz-U
Kosmos 1122 (Zenit-2M/NKh #5, Gektor-Priroda #5) & Nauka-31KS 1L 1979-075A 17.08.1979 Pl LC-43/4 Soyuz-U