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Falcon-1 [SpaceX]

Falcon-1 is a small liquid fueled orbital launch vehicle, which was developed by SpaceX (Space Exploration Technologies Corp.). Both stages are Kerosene / LOX fueled.

The first stage, which will be reusable after recovery by parachutes, is powered by the SpaceX built Merlin engine. The second stage is be propelled by the Kestrel engine, which uses technology derived from the of the Lunar Module Descent Engine.

Launch sites are SLC-3W at Vandenberg for high inclination launches and a launch site on Omelek Island in the Marshall Islands. A Cape Canaveral launch pad is also considered for launching into low inclination orbits.

The basic Falcon-1 vehicle carries up to 420 kg payloads to low equatorial earth orbit. SpaceX claims, the Falcon will reduce the costs for an orbital launch by the factor of three - a price of $ 6.7 million for the basic version is planned.

The operational Falcon-1 uses the regeneratively cooled Merlin-1C engine beginning with the third Falcon flight in mid 2008 in contrast to the ablatively cooled Merlin-1A of the Falcon-1 development version.


List of all Falcon-1 flights

Version Stage 1 Stage 2
Falcon-1 Stage 1 / Merlin-1C Stage 2 / Kestrel-2
Performance (kg) LEO LPEO SSO GTO GEO MolO IP
Falcon-1 470 290 - - - -
No.  TypNo Type             Date          LS           Payload 

 3    1    Falcon-1         03.08.2008 F  Om           Trailblazer / PreSat / Nanosail D / Celestis 07
 4    2    Falcon-1         28.09.2008    Om           Ratsat
 5    3    Falcon-1         14.07.2009    Om           RazakSat 1
 3: Stage separation failure

Launch sites:

Om  = Omelek Island, Reagan Test Site (formerly Kwajalein Missile Range), Kwajalein, Marshall Islands Marshall Islands
Va  = Vandenberg Air Force Base, California, USA USA/ SLC-3W

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