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Falcon-1 (Development Version)

Falcon-1 (dev)  [SpaceX]

Falcon-1 is a small liquid fueled orbital launch vehicle, which was developed by SpaceX (Space Exploration Technologies Corp.). Both stages are Kerosene / LOX fueled.

The first stage, which will be reusable after recovery by parachutes, is powered by the SpaceX built Merlin engine. The second stage is be propelled by the Kestrel engine, which uses technology derived from the of the Lunar Module Descent Engine.

Launch sites are SLC-3W at Vandenberg for high inclination launches and a launch site on Omelek Island in the Marshall Islands. A Cape Canaveral launch pad is also considered for launching into low inclination orbits.

The basic Falcon-1 vehicle carries up to 420 kg payloads to low equatorial earth orbit. SpaceX claims, the Falcon will reduce the costs for an orbital launch by the factor of three - a price of $ 6.7 million for the basic version is planned.

The development version with ablatively cooled Merlin-1A engine was replaced with the operational Falcon-1 with a regenerativly cooled Merlin-1C engine.


List of all Falcon-1 flights

Version Stage 1 Stage 2
Falcon-1 Stage 1 / Merlin-1A Stage 2 / Kestrel
Performance (kg) LEO LPEO SSO GTO GEO MolO IP
Falcon-1 420 - - - -
No.  TypNo Type             Date          LS           Payload 

 1    1    Falcon-1 (dev)   24.03.2006 F  Om           FalconSat 2
 2    2    Falcon-1 (dev)   21.03.2007 F  Om           Demosat (LCT2 / AFSS)


 1: First stage plumbing failure
 2: Second stage failure

Launch sites:

Om  = Omelek Island, Kwajalein, Marshall Islands Marshall Islands
Va  = Vandenberg Air Force Base, California, USA USA/ SLC-3W

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