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Timation 1, 2

Timation 1 [NRL]

The Naval Research Laboratory's (NRL's) Naval Center for Space Technology (NCST) conceived the Timation (Time / Navigation) program in 1964 and launched the Timation 1 satellite in 1967 and the Timation 2 satellite in 1969. Timation proved that a system using a passive ranging technique, combined with selected high-performance crystal oscillator clocks, could provide the basis for a new and revolutionary navigation system with three-dimensional coverage (longitude, latitude, and altitude) throughout the world. NCST's Timation program paved the way for what eventually became the Global Positioning System (GPS).

Nation: USA
Type / Application: Navigation
Operator: USN
Contractors: Naval Research Laboratory (NRL)
Equipment: ?
Configuration: Gravity Stabilized
Propulsion: ?
Power: Solar cells, batteries
Lifetime:
Mass:
Orbit:
Satellite COSPAR Date LS Launch Vehicle Remarks
Timation 1 1967-053E 31.05.1967 Va SLC-2W Thor-DM21 Agena-D with Poppy 7A, Poppy 7B (GGSE 4), Poppy 7C, Poppy 7D (GGSE 5), Calsphere 3, Calsphere 4, NRL-PL 150B, OPS 5712
Timation 2 (NRL-PL 169) 1969-082C 30.09.1969 Va SLC-1W Thorad-SLV2G Agena-D with Poppy 8A, Poppy 8B, Poppy 8C, Poppy 8D, Tempsat 2, SOICAL Cone, SOICAL Cylinder, NRL-PL 176, P-11 4407