Orion MPCV (Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle) is planned manned spacecraft for missions to the moon, asteroids and eventually to Mars.
MPCV ia a capsule design, which inherits its shape from the Apollo capsule, but is otherwise a completly new construction. It was to launched on a Ares-1 launcher derived from Space Shuttle technology. In contrast to Apollo, landing will be on land, assisted by air-bags or retro-rockets.
After the Constellation was cancelled, the Orion CEV capsule was renamed Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle (MPCV). It will serve as a vehicle for lunar and interplanetary missions. The LEO missions to ISS will instead be flown on commercial vehicles.
In late 2012 ESA joint the project and will provide a service module for Orion based on the ATV service module. The OME main engine is based on the Shuttle's OMS (AJ10-190) and is provided by Aerojet.
Orion MPCV capsules will be launched in 2019 and 2021 on SLS (Block 1) rockets on missions to lunar orbit. The first one will be unmanned, the second one will carry four astronauts.
Later, Orion MPCV will perform lunar and interplanetary missions.
|Type / Application:||Manned spacecraft|
|Contractors:||Lockheed Martin (prime, capsule); EADS Astrium → Airbus Defence and Space (service module)|
|Propulsion:||OME (AJ10-190), 8 × R-4D-11-300|
|Power:||4 deployable solar arrays, batteries|
|Orion EM1||-||2019||CCK LC-39B||SLS (Block 1) iCPS||with BioSentinel, CuSP, LunaH-Map, Lunar-Flashlight, Lunar-IceCube, NEA-Scout, SkyFire, EQUULEUS, OMOTENASHI, ArgoMoon, Cislunar Explorer A, Cislunar Explorer B, CU-E3, Miles|
|Orion EM2||-||2021||CCK LC-39B||SLS (Block 1B) EUS|