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RAFT1 (NO 60, Navy-OSCAR 60) / MARScom (NMARS)

RAFT 1 and MARScom [USNA]

The US Naval Academy Satellite Labs RAFT Mission is to provide a cubesat in the cubesat cluster which has an on-board transponder capable of identifying itself via the NSSS satellite Radar Tracking system to help locate the Cubesats. Without this transponder, the Cubesats are too small to be detected by normal non-queued tracking systems, and so there is no easy way to find these individual cubesats once they have begun to spread from the original launch tracking elements. Secondly, RAFT will have a separate 217 MHz NSSS radar transmitter and receiver, which can help with calibration tests of the separate NSSS transmit and receive antenna beams.

The requirement for two cubesats to mark the initial front and back of the spreading constellation, also gives two opportunities for experimental communications payloads. One is called RAFT1 and the other is called MARScom.

RAFT1 is one of two small Cubesats being launched as a constellation from a PLA-2 Launcher from the Space Shuttle. This page addresses only the portion of the mission design that is unique to this Cubesat. For all other Mission and programatic information please go to the RAFT web page. Similarly, the design of the second sister cubesat is called MARScom.

RAFT1 Hardware Requirements:

  • Provide a 217 MHz downconverter/detector to hear the NSS Radar ping
  • Provide an FM audio downlink for transmitting that ping detection to USNA
  • Provide a 217 MHz 4 mW Oscillator for the NSSS Radar Fence receiver testing
  • Provide a digital transponder for communications experiments in the Amateur Satellite Service

The MARSCOM satellite is one of two Naval Academy small cubesats in a two-satellite constellation which was launched on STS-116 on 10.12.2006 as part of the RAFT project.

MARScom was conceived from a number of cubesat ideas following the 4" Stanford Cubesat design concepts and a previous DOD cubesat launch called MEPSI, and MEMS. But this mission expands the size to a 5" cube for nearly twice the mass and volume and a 50% increase in power.

MARScom Mission: The mission of MARScom is to explore and demonstrate a very low cost yet viable communications capability for education and training of both Midshipmen and the large numbers of Navy Marine Corps communications cadre personnel. The downlink will be available to all MARS stations, and the uplink will be operated as a directed net amongst authorized command stations. The team needs volunteer command and operating stations. The requirements are:

  • VHF 148 MHz FM uplink
  • HF SSB downlink reception capability and a 10m beam
  • A 1200 baud packet TNC to RX on 10m and TX on 148 MHz.

The secondary mission of RAFT and MARScom are to provide packet digital communications relay for mobile units to transmit their GPS coordinates and messages via the satellites. This is a continuation of the PCSat 1, PCSAT 2 and ARISS missions.

Nation: USA
Type / Application: Experimental
Operator: US Naval Academy Satellite Lab
Contractors: US Naval Academy Satellite Lab
Equipment:
Configuration: 5" cube
Propulsion: ?
Power: Solar cells, batteries
Lifetime:
Mass: 5 kg
Orbit:
Satellite COSPAR Date LS Launch Vehicle Remarks
RAFT1 (NO 60, Navy-OSCAR 60) 2006-055C 10.12.2006 CC LC-39B Shuttle with Discovery F33 (STS 116), ITS-P5, MAA, FCal, MEPSI 2A, MEPSI 2B, MARScom
MARScom (NMARS) 2006-055D 10.12.2006 CC LC-39B Shuttle with Discovery F33 (STS 116), ITS-P5, MAA, FCal, MEPSI 2A, MEPSI 2B, RAFT1