KH-10/MOL (model) [Smithsonian]
The MOL (Manned Orbiting Laboratory), also known as KH-10 (Keyhole-10) or Dorian, was a crewed reconnaisance platform developed by the USAF and prime contractor Douglas Aircraft Company in the late 1960ies.
The crew was to be launched and to return in a Gemini-B capsule, which was launched attached to the MOL.
MOL would support up to 40 days of military reconnaissance using the large optics KH-10 Dorian imaging system and SIGINT payloads. For later missions, also a side-looking radar payload was planned.
Two uncrewed test flights on Titan-3M boosters were planned for 1970 and 1971 with crewed flight to begin in 1972 at a rate of one per year.
MOL was cancelled in 1969.
The Donkey SIGINT payload originally planned for MOL was transferred to the Multigroup 2/Setter 1B/Donkey SIGINT satellite and was launched in 1967.
When KH-10 was cancelled in 1969, the uncrewed electro-optical KH-11 Kennen satellite succeded it.
|Type / Application:||Crewed Reconnaissance, photo, SIGINT|
|Operator:||US Air Force (USAF)|
|Contractors:||Douglas Aircraft Company (prime); Perkin-Elmer (cameras)|
|Orbit:||160 km × 260 km, 96.4° (typical)|
|KH-10 1 (Dorian 1)||-||cancelled||Va SLC-6||Titan-3M|
|KH-10 2 (Dorian 2)||-||cancelled||Va SLC-6||Titan-3M|