Please make a donation to support Gunter's Space Page.
Thank you very much for visiting Gunter's Space Page. I hope that this site is useful and informative for you.
If you appreciate the information provided on this site, please consider supporting my work by making a simple and secure donation via PayPal. Please help to run the website and keep everything free of charge. Thank you very much.

Oreol 1, 2 (Aureole 1, 2 / DS-U2-GKA / ARCAD 1, 2)

Oreol 1 (Aureole 1)

The Oreol 1 and 2 or Aureole 1 and 2 satellites were a joint Soviet-French science mission called ARCAD (Arctic Aurora Density) to investigate physical phenomena in the Earth's upper atmosphere at high latitudes and to study of the nature of auroras.

The satellite were built by Yuzhnoye based on their DS-U2 satellite bus and featured both Soviet and French science instruments.

Oreol 1 or Aureole 1 was launched on 27 December 1971 on a Kosmos-3M rocket from the Plesetsk cosmodrome.

The second satellite to continue the measurements, Oreol 2 or Aureole 2 was launched two years later on 26 December 1973 also on a Kosmos-3M rocket from the Plesetsk cosmodrome.

Nation: USSR, France
Type / Application: Science, Magnetosphere
Contractors: Yuzhnoye
Configuration: DS-U2
Power: 4 deployable fixed solar arrays, solar cells, batteries
Lifetime: 40 days
Mass: 348 kg
Satellite COSPAR Date LS Launch Vehicle Remarks
Oreol 1 (Aureole 1, DS-U2-GKA #1, ARCAD 2) 1971-119A 27.12.1971 Pl LC-132/2 Kosmos-3M
Oreol 2 (Aureole 2, DS-U2-GKA #2, ARCAD 2) 1973-107A 26.12.1973 Pl LC-132/2 Kosmos-3M