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DS-P1-M (Tyulpan, Lira, 11F631)

DS-P1-M [Yuzhnoye]

The DS-P1-M satellite, codenamed Tyulpan and Lira, was a second generation ASAT target satellite for tests of the IS-A interceptor satellite.

The 643 kg satellite was developed by OKB-586 (later KB Yuzhnoe) based on previous radar calibration satellites. It featured a pressurized body, armoured with protective plates and was equipped with a shrapnel detection system to register the impact of the IS-A interceptor satellite and orbit parameter sensors. Data from the intercept was relayed to a ground station via the Tral-P2-82 telemetry system. The Lira satellites were designed to withstand up to three intercept attempts.

16 satellites were launched between 1970 and 1982 from the Plesetsk cosmodrome on Kosmos-3M boosters. Two failed to reach orbit.

Nation: USSR
Type / Application: ASAT target
Operator:
Contractors: OKB-586
Equipment:
Configuration:
Propulsion: None
Power: Batteries
Lifetime:
Mass: 643 kg
Orbit:
Satellite COSPAR Date LS Launch Vehicle Remarks
Kosmos 358 (DS-P1-M #1, Tyulpan #1, Lira #1) 1970-064A 20.08.1970 Pl Kosmos-3M
Kosmos (390) (DS-P1-M #2, Tyulpan #2, Lira #2) 1970-F10 22.12.1970 Pl LC-132/2 F Kosmos-3M
Kosmos 394 (DS-P1-M #3, Tyulpan #3, Lira #3) 1971-010A 09.02.1971 Pl LC-132/1 Kosmos-3M
Kosmos 400 (DS-P1-M #4, Tyulpan #4, Lira #4) 1971-020A 18.03.1971 Pl LC-132/1 Kosmos-3M
Kosmos 459 (DS-P1-M #5, Tyulpan #5, Lira #5) 1971-102A 29.11.1971 Pl LC-132/1 Kosmos-3M
Kosmos 521 (DS-P1-M #6, Tyulpan #6, Lira #6) 1972-074A 29.09.1972 Pl LC-132/2 Kosmos-3M
Kosmos (787) (DS-P1-M #7, Tyulpan #7, Lira #7) 1975-F07 19.12.1975 Pl LC-132/1 F Kosmos-3M
Kosmos 803 (DS-P1-M #8, Tyulpan #8, Lira #8) 1976-014A 12.02.1976 Pl LC-132/2 Kosmos-3M
Kosmos 839 (DS-P1-M #9, Tyulpan #9, Lira #9) 1976-067A 08.07.1976 Pl LC-132/1 Kosmos-3M
Kosmos 880 (DS-P1-M #10, Tyulpan #10, Lira #10) 1976-120A 09.12.1976 Pl LC-132/2 Kosmos-3M
Kosmos 909 (DS-P1-M #11, Tyulpan #11, Lira #11) 1977-036A 19.05.1977 Pl LC-132/2 Kosmos-3M
Kosmos 959 (DS-P1-M #12, Tyulpan #12, Lira #12) 1977-101A 21.10.1977 Pl LC-132/1 Kosmos-3M
Kosmos 967 (DS-P1-M #13, Tyulpan #13, Lira #13) 1977-116A 13.12.1977 Pl LC-132/1 Kosmos-3M
Kosmos 1171 (DS-P1-M #14, Tyulpan #14, Lira #14) 1980-026A 03.04.1980 Pl LC-132/2 Kosmos-3M
Kosmos 1241 (DS-P1-M #15, Tyulpan #15, Lira #15) 1981-006A 21.01.1981 Pl LC-132/1 Kosmos-3M
Kosmos 1375 (DS-P1-M #16, Tyulpan #16, Lira #16) 1982-055A 06.06.1982 Pl LC-132/2 Kosmos-3M