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BIROS (FireBird 2)


BIROS (Bi-spectral InfraRed Optical System) is a German fire detection satellite.

BIROS is an improved version of the TET 1 satellite, with which it shares the FireBird sensor complement. The satellite is based on the TET-X bus, which is an improved version of the TET-1 bus.

BIROS is part of DLR's FireBird constellation, which consists of two spacecraft, TET-1 and BIROS.

The primary FireBird payload inherited from TET 1 is an imaging payload, designed and developed at DLR, which consists of an assembly of three pushbroom cameras, one in the VNIR (Visible Near Infrared) range and two imagers in the infrared region. The objective is the detection and quantitative analysis of HTE (High Temperature Events) like wildfires and volcanoes.

As secondary payload, BIROS will carry OSIRIS (Optical Space Infrared Downlink System), an onboard optical communication terminal, developed at DLR. It will demonstrate three different laser systems for downlink communications at data rates up to 1 Gbit/s, a four quadrant laser detector onboard for improved pointing accuracy and a beacon laser in uplink to support the BIROS attitude control.

Also on board will be AVANTI (Autonomous Vision Approach Navigation and Target Identification), an optical navigation experiment. The goal is to demonstrate autonomous rendezvous operation with a non-cooperative client using vision-based navigation. As a target, BIROS will deploy the TU Berlin's BeeSat 4 cubesat.

BIROS will also conduct DLR/GSOC's VAMOS (Verification of Autonomous Mission Planning On-board a Spacecraft) software experiment with the objective to schedule and (re-)command tasks.

Nation: Germany
Type / Application: Technology
Operator: DLR
Contractors: Kayser-Threde GmbH (prime); Astrofein (bus)
Equipment: FireBird, OSIRIS, AVANTI
Configuration: TET-X bus
Propulsion: 2 × 0.1 N cold gas thusters
Power: 2 deployable fixed solar arrays, batteries
Lifetime: 3-5 years
Mass: 130 kg
Orbit: ~500 km
Satellite COSPAR Date LS Launch Vehicle Remarks
BIROS (FireBird 2) 2016-040F 22.06.2016 Sr SLP PSLV-XL with Cartosat 2C, SkySat 3, M3MSat, LAPAN A3, GHGSat D, Flock-2p 1, ..., 12, SathyabamaSat, Swayam, BeeSat 4


Further FireBird missions: