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Zenit family

Zenit-2 [Yuzhnoye]

Zenit-3SL (2) (Koreasat-5) [SeaLaunch]

Zenit-3SLB [Yuzhnoye]

Zenit-3F (Spektr-R) [Roskosmos]

Version Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3
Zenit-2 Zenit-2 (St. 1) / RD-171 Zenit-2 (St. 2) / RD-120 + RD-8 -
Zenit-2SLB / Zenit-2M Zenit-2SB40 (St. 1) / RD-171 Zenit-2SB40 (St. 2) / RD-120 + RD-8 -
Zenit-3 Zenit-2 (St. 1) / RD-171 Zenit-2 (St. 2) / RD-120 + RD-8 Blok-DM / 11D58M
Zenit-3SL (1) Zenit-2S (St. 1) / RD-171 Zenit-2S (St. 2) / RD-120 + RD-8 Blok-DM-SL / 11D58M
Zenit-3SL (2) Zenit-2S (St. 1) / RD-171 Zenit-2S (St. 2) / RD-120 + RD-8 Blok-DM-SL (str.) / 11D58M
Zenit-3SLB / Zenit-3M Zenit-2SB60 (St. 1) / RD-171 Zenit-2SB60 (St. 2) / RD-120 + RD-8 Blok-DM-SL-B / 11D58M
Zenit-3F Zenit-2SB80 (St. 1) / RD-171 Zenit-2SB80 (St. 2) / RD-120 + RD-8 Fregat-SB / S5.92
Zenit-2FG Zenit-2SB41 (St. 1) / RD-171 Zenit-2SB41 (St. 2) / RD-120 + RD-8 (mod. Fregat-SB (Fobos-Grunt) / S5.92)
Performance (kg) LEO LPEO SSO GTO GEO MolO IP
Zenit-2 13740 11380 - - - -
Zenit-2SLB 12030 - - - -
Zenit-3 3820 600 3000
Zenit-3SL (1) 7000 7000 5700
Zenit-3SL (2) 7000 7000 6160 2900 4658 4098
Zenit-3SLB 3750 1600 4540 3780
Zenit-3F
Nr   TNo Type        Date          LS             Payload

 1    1  Zenit-2         13.04.1985    TB LC-45/   F  Kosmos (1645) (EPN 03.0694 #1)
 2    2  Zenit-2         21.06.1985    TB LC-45/   P  Kosmos (1663) (EPN 03.0694 #2)
 3    3  Zenit-2         22.10.1985    TB LC-45/1     Kosmos 1697 (EPN 03.0694 #3)
 4    4  Zenit-2         28.12.1985    TB LC-45/   P  Kosmos 1714 (Tselina-2 #3)
 5    5  Zenit-2         30.07.1986    TB LC-45/1     Kosmos 1767 (EPN 03.0695 #1)
 6    6  Zenit-2         22.10.1986    TB LC-45/1     Kosmos 1786 (Taifun-1B #9, Yug #9) / GVM
 7    7  Zenit-2         14.02.1987    TB LC-45/1     Kosmos 1820 (EPN 03.0695 #2)
 8    8  Zenit-2         18.03.1987    TB LC-45/1     Kosmos 1833 (EPN 03.0694 #4)
 9    9  Zenit-2         13.05.1987    TB LC-45/1     Kosmos 1844 (Tselina-2 #4)
10   10  Zenit-2         01.08.1987    TB LC-45/1     Kosmos 1871 (EPN 03.0695 #3)
11   11  Zenit-2         28.08.1987    TB LC-45/1     Kosmos 1873 (EPN 03.0695 #4)
12   12  Zenit-2         15.05.1988    TB LC-45/1     Kosmos 1943 (Tselina-2 #5)
13   13  Zenit-2         23.11.1988    TB LC-45/1     Kosmos 1980 (Tselina-2 #6)
14   14  Zenit-2         22.05.1990    TB LC-45/2     Kosmos 2082 (Tselina-2 #7)
15   15  Zenit-2         04.10.1990    TB LC-45/2  F  Kosmos (2102) (Tselina-2 #8)
16   16  Zenit-2         30.08.1991    TB LC-45/1  F  Kosmos (2155) (Tselina-2 #9)
17   17  Zenit-2         05.02.1992    TB LC-45/1  F  Kosmos (2180) (Tselina-2 #10)
18   18  Zenit-2         17.11.1992    TB LC-45/1     Kosmos 2219 (Tselina-2 #11)
19   19  Zenit-2         25.12.1992    TB LC-45/1     Kosmos 2227 (Tselina-2 #12)
20   20  Zenit-2         26.03.1993    TB LC-45/1     Kosmos 2237 (Tselina-2 #13)
21   21  Zenit-2         16.09.1993    TB LC-45/1     Kosmos 2263 (Tselina-2 #14)
22   22  Zenit-2         23.04.1994    TB LC-45/1     Kosmos 2278 (Tselina-2 #15)
23   23  Zenit-2         26.08.1994    TB LC-45/1     Kosmos 2290 (Orlets-2 #1)
24   24  Zenit-2         04.11.1994    TB LC-45/1     Resurs-O1 3 & Safir-R
25   25  Zenit-2         24.11.1994    TB LC-45/1     Kosmos 2297 (Tselina-2 #16)
26   26  Zenit-2         31.10.1995    TB LC-45/1     Kosmos 2322 (Tselina-2 #17)
27   27  Zenit-2         04.09.1996    TB LC-45/1     Kosmos 2333 (Tselina-2 #18)
28   28  Zenit-2         20.05.1997    TB LC-45/1  F  Kosmos (2342) (Tselina-2 #19)
29   29  Zenit-2         10.07.1998    TB LC-45/1     Resurs-O1 4 & IRIS 1 / TMSat 1 / Techsat 1B / FASat Bravo / Safir 2 / WESTPAC 1
30   30  Zenit-2         28.07.1998    TB LC-45/1     Kosmos 2360 (Tselina-2 #20)
31   31  Zenit-2         09.09.1998    TB LC-45/1  F  Globalstar 5, 7, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 16, 17, 18, 20, 21
32    1  Zenit-3SL (1)   28.03.1999    SL             DemoSat
33   32  Zenit-2         17.07.1999    TB LC-45/1     Okean-O 1
34    2  Zenit-3SL (1)   10.10.1999    SL             DirecTV 1R
35   33  Zenit-2         03.02.2000    TB LC-45/1     Kosmos 2360 (Tselina-2 #21)
36    3  Zenit-3SL (1)   12.03.2000    SL          F  ICO F1
37    4  Zenit-3SL (1)   28.07.2000    SL             PAS 9
38   34  Zenit-2         29.09.2000    TB LC-45/1     Kosmos 2372 (Orlets-2 #2)
39    5  Zenit-3SL (1)   21.10.2000    SL             Thuraya 1
40    6  Zenit-3SL (1)   18.03.2001    SL             XM 2 (XM Rock)
41    7  Zenit-3SL (1)   08.05.2001    SL             XM 1 (XM Roll)
42   35  Zenit-2         10.12.2001    TB LC-45/1     Meteor-3M 1 / Kompass / Badr B / Maroc-Tubsat / Reflector
43    8  Zenit-3SL (1)   15.06.2002    SL             Galaxy 3C
44    1  Zenit-3SL (2)   10.06.2003    SL             Thuraya 2
45    9  Zenit-3SL (1)   08.08.2003    SL             EchoStar 9 (Telstar 13)
46   10  Zenit-3SL (1)   01.10.2003    SL             Galaxy 13 (Horizons 1)
47   11  Zenit-3SL (1)   11.01.2004    SL             Telstar 14 (Estrela do Sul 1)
48   12  Zenit-3SL (1)   04.05.2004    SL             DirecTV 7S
49   36  Zenit-2         10.06.2004    TB LC-45/1     Kosmos 2406 (Tselina-2 #22)
50   13  Zenit-3SL (1)   29.06.2004    SL          P  Telstar 18 (APStar 5)
51    2  Zenit-3SL (2)   01.03.2005    SL             XM 3
52    3  Zenit-3SL (2)   26.04.2005    SL             Spaceway 1
53   14  Zenit-3SL (1)   23.06.2005    SL             Intelsat Americas 8
54    4  Zenit-3SL (2)   08.11.2005    SL             Inmarsat-4 F2
55   15  Zenit-3SL (1)   15.02.2006    SL             EchoStar 10
56    5  Zenit-3SL (2)   12.04.2006    SL             JCSat 9
57    6  Zenit-3SL (2)   18.06.2006    SL             Galaxy 16
58    7  Zenit-3SL (2)   22.08.2006    SL             Koreasat 5
59    8  Zenit-3SL (2)   30.10.2006    SL             XM 4
60    9  Zenit-3SL (2)   30.01.2007    SL         F   NSS 8
61    1  Zenit-2M        29.06.2007    TB LC-45/1     Kosmos 2428 (Tselina-2 #23)
62   16  Zenit-3SL (1)   15.01.2008    SL             Thuraya 3
63   10  Zenit-3SL (2)   19.03.2008    SL             DirecTV 11
64    1  Zenit-3SLB      28.04.2008    TB LC-45/1     AMOS 3
65   11  Zenit-3SL (2)   21.05.2008    SL             Galaxy 18
66   12  Zenit-3SL (2)   16.07.2008    SL             EchoStar 11
67   13  Zenit-3SL (2)   24.09.2008    SL             Galaxy 19
68    2  Zenit-3SLB      26.02.2009    TB LC-45/1     Telstar 11N
69   14  Zenit-3SL (2)   20.04.2009    SL             SICRAL 1B
70    3  Zenit-3SLB      21.06.2009    TB LC-45/1     MEASAT 3a
71    4  Zenit-3SLB      30.11.2009    TB LC-45/1     Intelsat 15
72    1  Zenit-3F        20.01.2011    TB LC-45/1     Elektro-L 1
73    2  Zenit-3F        18.07.2011    TB LC-45/1     Spektr-R (Radio-Astron)
74   15  Zenit-3SL (2)   24.09.2011    SL             Atlantic Bird 7
75    5  Zenit-3SLB      05.10.2011    TB LC-45/1     Intelsat 18
76    1  Zenit-2FG       08.11.2011    TB LC-45/1     Fobos-Grunt / Yinghuo 1 [Fregat-SB]
77   16  Zenit-3SL (2)   01.06.2012    SL             Intelsat 19
78   17  Zenit-3SL (2)   19.08.2012    SL             Intelsat 21
79   18  Zenit-3SL (2)   03.12.2012    SL             Eutelsat 70B
80   19  Zenit-3SL (2)   01.02.2013    SL         F   Intelsat 27
81    5  Zenit-3SLB      31.08.2013    TB LC-45/1     AMOS 4
82   20  Zenit-3SL (2)   26.05.2014    SL             Eutelsat 3B


Failures:

Flight 01: 
Flight 02: second stage failed, but some debris reached orbit
Flight 04: second stage failed to reignite
Flight 15: first stage engine exploded after 3 seconds
Flight 16: second stage exploded
Flight 17: second stage malfunction
Flight 28: first stage cut off after 45 sec
Flight 31: 
Flight 36:
Flight 50: Blok-DM-SL underperformed
Flight 60: 
Flight 80: first stage cut off after ~25 sec


Launch sites:

TB  = Baikonur (Tyuratam, NIIP-5, GIK-5), Tyuratam, Kazakhstan Kazakhstan
SL  = Sea Launch Platform, near Kiritimati (Christmas Island), Pacific Ocean