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Nemesis 1, 2 (PAN, CLIO / P360)

PAN (P360) [Lockheed Martin]

The Nemesis series of satellites are geostationary COMINT satellites to intercept transmissions to commercial communicationss satellites. These satellites were known at launch by the names PAN and CLIO or the program designation P360.

The Nemesis satellites mission was Foreign Satellite (FORNSAT) collection from space. They are targeting commercial satellite uplinks not normally accessible via conventional means by collocating themselves with the target satellite. This provides the Office of FORNSAT with a site in the sky when denied a site on the ground for information collection. The ground processing equipment for these missions is at Menwith Hill Station (MHS), which can cover both drift / dwell operations and sustained collection.

The satellites were built on Lockheed Martin commercial A2100A bus and uses commercial off-the-shelf components and processes. The published photo shows an apparently gimballed dish antenna. The satellites were launched by Atlas-5(401) rockets.

Nemesis 1, PAN (Paladium At Night) or P360 was procured by an unidentified US Government Agency from Lockheed Martin in October 2006 on a 30-month firm-fixed-price program. Later the satellites were identified in leaked documents as NRO's Nemesis satellites.

PAN was initially spotted at 38 East, but has shown an unusual history of frequent relocations, moving between different positions over the Middle East (4 E, 33 E, 38 E, 36 E, 38 E, 49 E, 45 E, 39 E, 52 E, 38 E, 43 E, 45 E, 47 E).

A likely second satellite of this type, Nemesis 2, which was also named CLIO, was launched in 2014. Observations indicate, that it has also maneuvered between orbits slots multiple times.

Nation: USA
Type / Application: SIGINT, COMINT
Operator: NRO
Contractors: Lockheed Martin
Equipment: ?
Configuration: A2100A
Propulsion: LEROS-1c ?
Power: 2 deployable solar arrays, batteries
Orbit: GEO
Satellite COSPAR Date LS Launch Vehicle Remarks
Nemesis 1 (PAN, P360, USA 207) 2009-047A 08.09.2009 CC SLC-41 Atlas-5(401)
Nemesis 2 (CLIO, USA 257) 2014-055A 17.09.2014 CC SLC-41 Atlas-5(401)


Further high orbit SIGINT missions:

Geostationary orbit COMINT (Canyon-Chalet-Vortex-Mercury series) Geostationary orbit SIGINT (Rhyolite-Aquacade-Magnum-Orion series) High elliptical orbit SIGINT (Jumpseat-Trumpet series) Other high orbit SIGINT

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