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Harbinger (ICEYE X3)

Harbinger [York Space Systems]

Harbinger is proof-of-concept prototypes for a York Space Systems' S-class satellite bus. The demonstration mission features the ICEYE X3 X-band SAR payload.

The Harbinger mission features York's S-class platform utilizing the enhanced power subsystem offering up to 3,000 W peak for payload operations, a field-effect electric propulsion (FEEP) system, and high rate laser communications terminal.

As a demonstration payload Harbinger features ICEYE's ICEYE X3 X-band SAR instrument with a resolution of 1 m, based on the ICEYE X2 mission, BridgeSat’s optical communications payload and Enpulsion of Austria’s Field Emission Electric Propulsion.

The flight of the Harbinger satellite was sponsored via the U.S. Army Space and Missile Defense Command for a launch in the framework of the Space Text Program (STP).

Harbinger was launched in May 2019 on an Electron KS rocket on the STP-27RD mission.

Nation: USA
Type / Application: Technology, Earth observing, Radar
Operator: York Space Systems
Contractors: York Space Systems (bus); ICEYE (payload)
Equipment: ICEYE X3 X-band SAR
Configuration: York S-class bus
Propulsion: FEEP
Power: 4 deployable fixed solar arrays, batteries
Lifetime: 3 years
Mass: 150 kg
Orbit: 484 km × 512 km, 40.0°
Satellite COSPAR Date LS Launch Vehicle Remarks
Harbinger (ICEYE X3, ICEYE POC3) 2019-026E 05.05.2019 OnS LC-1A Electron KS with SPARC 1, Falcon-ODE