CORONAS (Complex ORbital Observations Near-Earth of Activity of the Sun) is a Russian program for study of the Sun and solar-terrestrial connections physics by series of spacecraft, which provides launching of three solar-oriented satellites onto the near-Earth orbit.
CORONAS-PHOTON (or Koronas-Foton) is the third satellite in this series. Two previous missions of the project are CORONAS-I (launched on March 2, 1994) and CORONAS-F (launched on July 31, 2001). Launching date of CORONAS-PHOTON spacecraft is 2009.
CORONAS-PHOTON is a part of International Living With a Star Program (ILWS).
The main goal of the project is the investigation of energy accumulation and its transformation into energy of accelerated particles processes during solar flares; the study of the acceleration mechanisms, propagation and interaction of fast particles in the solar atmosphere; the study of the solar activity correlation with physical-chemical processes in the Earth upper atmosphere.
Objectives of the mission:
Physics of the Sun
Solar-terrestrial connections physics
The powersystem of Koronas-Foton failed in mid January 2010, ending the mission after only one year in orbit.
|Type / Application:||Science, solar|
|Power:||2 deployable solar arrays, batteries|
|Lifetime:||3 years (planned); 1 year (reached)|
|Orbit:||500 km × 500 km, 82.5°|
|Koronas Foton (Coronas Photon)||30.01.2009||Pl LC-32/2||Tsiklon-3|