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Dragon C2, CRS-1,... CRS-20 (SpX 1,... 20)

Dragon C2 [NASA]

Dragon is a space capsule designed by SpaceX to provide supplies to the International space station.

The Dragon spacecraft is made up of a pressurized capsule and unpressurized trunk used for Earth to LEO transport of pressurized cargo, unpressurized cargo, and/or crew members. Initiated internally by SpaceX in 2005, Dragon will be utilized to fulfill the NASA COTS contract for demonstration of cargo re-supply of the ISS.

The Dragon capsule is comprised of three main elements: the Nosecone, which protects the vessel and the docking adaptor during ascent; the Pressurized Section, which houses the crew and/or pressurized cargo; and the Service Section, which contains avionics, the RCS system, parachutes, and other support infrastructure. In addition an unpressurized trunk is included, which provides for the stowage of unpressurized cargo and will support Dragon's solar arrays and thermal radiators.

SpaceX was one of two winners of the NASA Commercial Orbital Transportation Services competition. The SpaceX portion of the award is $278 million for three flight demonstrations of Falcon-9 v1.0 carrying the Dragon spaceship, which occured in mid 2009 and 2010. The prototype Dragon C1 capsule lacked several systems of the operational Dragon-C capsule. The second and third test flights were eventually combined into one mission and culminated in the transfer of cargo to the International Space Station (ISS) and return of cargo safely to Earth.

The agreement also contains an option for three demonstration flights of the seven person manned version of Dragon taking people to the ISS and back. The cargo Dragon and crewed Dragon are almost identical, with the exception of the crew escape system, the life support system and onboard controls that allow the crew to take over control from the flight computer when needed.

In addition to servicing NASA needs, the F9/Dragon will possibly also be of service to Bigelow Aerospace, which plans to orbit a commercial space station. Bigelow Aerospace and SpaceX have an ongoing dialogue to ensure that F9/Dragon meets the human transportation needs of their planned space station as efficiently as possible.

In December 2008 SpaceX received a contract under CRS-1 to deliver 20.000 kg to the ISS by the means of 12 Dragon flights. In March 2015, three more missions were added to the contract for launches in 2017. In December 2015, five final missions were awarded under CRS-1.

Dragon CRS-7 was lost in a launch failure.

Under the CRS-2 selction in January 2015 Dragon was selected for a minimum of six missions, which will use a cargo version of the Dragon V2 spacecraft.

Nation: USA
Type / Application: Supply and return
Operator: SpaceX
Contractors: SpaceX
Equipment:
Configuration:
Propulsion: 18 Draco thrusters
Power: 2 deployable solar arrays, batteries
Lifetime:
Mass: ~6650 kg (#C2)
Orbit: 400 km × 400 km, 51.6 (typical)
Satellite COSPAR Date LS Launch Vehicle Remarks
Dragon C2 (Dragon C102) 2012-027A 22.05.2012 CC SLC-40 Falcon-9 v1.0 with Celestis 11
Dragon CRS-1 (SpX 1, Dragon C103) 2012-054A 08.10.2012 CC SLC-40 Falcon-9 v1.0 with Orbcomm FM101
Dragon CRS-2 (SpX 2, Dragon C104) 2013-010A 01.03.2013 CC SLC-40 Falcon-9 v1.0
Dragon CRS-3 (SpX 3, Dragon C105) 2014-022A 18.04.2014 CC SLC-40 Falcon-9 v1.1 with OPALS, HDEV, ALL-STAR/THEIA, KickSat 1, SporeSat 1, TSAT, PhoneSat 2.5
Dragon CRS-4 (SpX 4, Dragon C106-F1) 2014-056A 21.09.2014 CC SLC-40 Falcon-9 v1.1(ex) with RapidScat, SpinSat
Dragon CRS-5 (SpX 5, Dragon C107) 2015-001A 10.01.2015 CC SLC-40 Falcon-9 v1.1 with CATS, Flock-1d' 1, Flock-1d' 2, AESP-14
Dragon CRS-6 (SpX 6, Dragon C108-F1) 2015-021A 14.04.2015 CC SLC-40 Falcon-9 v1.1 with Flock-1e 1, ..., 14, Arkyd 3-Reflight, Centennial 1
Dragon CRS-7 (SpX 7, Dragon C109) 2015-F02 28.06.2015 CC SLC-40 F Falcon-9 v1.1 with IDA 1, Flock-1f 1, ..., 8
Dragon CRS-8 (SpX 8, Dragon C110) 2016-024A 08.04.2016 CC SLC-40 Falcon-9 v1.2 with BEAM
Dragon CRS-9 (SpX 9, Dragon C111) 2016-046A 18.07.2016 CC SLC-40 Falcon-9 v1.2 with IDA 2
Dragon CRS-10 (SpX 10, Dragon C112) 2017-009A 19.02.2017 CCK LC-39A Falcon-9 v1.2 with SAGE 3, STP-H5
Dragon CRS-11 (SpX 11, Dragon C106-F2) 2017-030A 03.06.2017 CCK LC-39A Falcon-9 v1.2 with NICER, MUSES, ROSA, Bird B, Bird G, Bird J, Bird M, Bird N
Dragon CRS-12 (SpX 12, Dragon C113) 2017-045A 14.08.2017 CCK LC-39A Falcon-9 v1.2 with CREAM, Kestrel Eye 2M, Dellingr, ASTERIA, OSIRIS-3U
Dragon CRS-13 (SpX 13, Dragon C108-F2) - 2017 CC SLC-40 Falcon-9 v1.2 with TSIS, MISSE-FF 1, SDS
Dragon CRS-14 (SpX 14) - 2018 CC Falcon-9 v1.2 with RRM3, PFCS, EnduroSat One, Overview 1A
Dragon CRS-15 (SpX 15) - 2018 CC Falcon-9 v1.2 with ECOSTRESS, MISSE-FF 2
Dragon CRS-16 (SpX 16) - 2018 CC Falcon-9 v1.2 with IDA 3
Dragon CRS-17 (SpX 17) - 2018 CC Falcon-9 v1.2 with OCO 3, STP-H6
Dragon CRS-18 (SpX 18) - 2018 CC Falcon-9 v1.2 with GEDI
Dragon CRS-19 (SpX 19) - 2019 CC Falcon-9 v1.2 with Bartolomeo-CEPHFISS
Dragon CRS-20 (SpX 20) - 2019 CC Falcon-9 v1.2 with GEROS-ISS

References: