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Molniya (8K78)

Molniya (Venera 1)

→ Complete list of all Molniya launches

Version Strap-On Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3
Molniya (8K78) Blok-B,V,G,D / 4 × RD-107 Blok-A / RD-108 Blok-I / RD-0107 Blok-L / S1.5400
Performance (kg) LEO LPEO SSO GTO GEO MolO IP
Molniya (8K78)
Nr     TNr   Vehicle                        Serial           Date      Sc  LS                Payload

  51     1   Molniya                        L1-4M            10.10.1960 F  Ba LC-1/5         Mars (1a) (1M #1)
  52     2   Molniya                        L1-5M            14.10.1960 F  Ba LC-1/5         Mars (1b) (1M #2)
  56     3   Molniya                        L1-7V            04.02.1961 P  Ba LC-1/5         Venera (1a) (1VA #1, Sputnik 7)
  57     4   Molniya                        L1-6V            12.02.1961    Ba LC-1/5         Venera 1 (1VA #2, Sputnik 8)
  77     5   Molniya                        T103-12          25.08.1962 P  Ba LC-1/5         Venera (2a) (2MV-1 #1, Sputnik 19)   
  78     6   Molniya                        T103-13          01.09.1962 P  Ba LC-1/5         Venera (2b) (2MV-1 #2, Sputnik 20)   
  79     7   Molniya                        T103-14          12.09.1962 P  Ba LC-1/5         Venera (2c) (2MV-2 #1, Sputnik 21)   
  82     8   Molniya                        T103-15          24.10.1962 P  Ba LC-1/5         Mars (1c) (2MV-4 #1, Sputnik 22)   
  83     9   Molniya                        T103-16          01.11.1962    Ba LC-1/5         Mars 1 (2MV-4 #2, Sputnik 23) 
  84    10   Molniya                        T103-17          04.11.1962 P  Ba LC-1/5         Mars (2a) (2MV-3 #1, Sputnik 24)   
  86    11   Molniya (E6)                   T103-09          04.01.1963 P  Ba LC-1/5         Luna (4c) (Ye-6 №2, Sputnik 25)
  87    12   Molniya (E6)                   G103-10          03.02.1963 F  Ba LC-1/5         Luna (4d) (Ye-6 №3)
  89    13   Molniya (E6)                   G103-11          02.04.1963    Ba LC-1/5         Luna 4 (Ye-6 №4)
 100    14   Molniya                        G15000-017       11.11.1963 P  Ba LC-1/5         Kosmos 21 (Zond (1a)) (3MV-1A #1) 
 105    15   Molniya (M)                    T15000-019       19.02.1964 F  Ba LC-1/5         Zond (1b) (3MV-1A #2)
 106    16   Molniya (E6)                   T15000-020       21.03.1964 F  Ba LC-1/5         Luna (5a) (Ye-6 №6)
 107    17   Molniya (M)                    T15000-022       27.03.1964 P  Ba LC-1/5         Kosmos 27 (Zond (1c)) (3MV-1 #1)   
 108    18   Molniya (M)                    G15000-028 ?     02.04.1964    Ba LC-1/5         Zond 1 (3MV-1 #2) 
 111    19   Molniya (E6)                   T15000-021       20.04.1964 F  Ba LC-1/5         Luna (5b) (Ye-6 №5)
 115    20   Molniya                        G15000-018       04.06.1964 F  Ba LC-1/5         Molniya-1 (1a) (Molniya-1 2L)
 123    21   Molniya                        G15000-019       22.08.1964    Ba LC-1/5         Kosmos 41 (Molniya-1 (1b)) (Molniya-1 1L) 
 131    22   Molniya                        G15000-029       30.11.1964    Ba LC-1/5         Zond 2 (3MV-4 #1)
 136    23   Molniya (E6)                   G15000-024       12.03.1965 P  Ba LC-1/5         Kosmos 60 (Luna (5c)) (Ye-6 №9)   
 139    24   Molniya (E6?)                  U15000-022       10.04.1965 F  Ba LC-1/5         Luna (5d) (Ye-6 №8)
 141    25   Molniya                        U15000-035       23.04.1965    Ba LC-1/5         Molniya-1 1 (Molniya-1 3L) 
 143    26   Molniya (M)                    U15000-024       09.05.1965    Ba LC-1/5         Luna 5 (Ye-6 №10)
 145    27   Molniya (M)                    U15000-033       08.06.1965    Ba LC-1/5         Luna 6 (Ye-6 №7)
 149    28   Molniya                        U15000-032       18.07.1965    Ba LC-1/5         Zond 3 (3MV-4 #2)
 156    29   Molniya                        U15000-034       14.10.1965    Ba LC-1/5         Molniya-1 2 (Molniya-1 4L) 
 159    30   Molniya (M)                    U15000-042       12.11.1965    Ba LC-31/6        Venera 2 (3MV-4 #3)
 160    31   Molniya (M)                    U15000-031       16.11.1965    Ba LC-31/6        Venera 3 (3MV-3 #1)
 161    32   Molniya (M)                    U15000-030       23.11.1965 P  Ba LC-31/6        Kosmos 96 (Venera (4a)) (3MV-4 #4) 
 163    33   Molniya                        U15000-048       03.12.1965    Ba LC-31/6        Luna 8 (Ye-6 №12)
 178    34   Molniya (M)                    U15000-040       27.03.1966 F  Ba LC-31/6        Molniya-1 (3) (Molniya-1 5L)
 182    35   Molniya (M)                    N15000-037       25.04.1966    Ba LC-31/6        Molniya-1 3 (Molniya-1 6L) 
 199    36   Molniya (M)                    N15000-040       20.10.1966    Ba LC-1/5         Molniya-1 4 (Molniya-1 7L) 
 222    37   Molniya (M)                    N15000-041       24.05.1967    Ba LC-1/5         Molniya-1 5 (Molniya-1 8L) 
 232    38   Molniya (M)                    N15000-081       31.08.1967    Ba LC-1/5         Kosmos 174 (Molniya-1Yu 11L) 
 237    39   Molniya (M)                    Ya15000-083      03.10.1967    Ba LC-1/5         Molniya-1 6 (Molniya-1 9L) 
 240    40   Molniya (M)                    Ya15000-084      22.10.1967    Ba LC-1/5         Molniya-1 7 (Molniya-1 12L) 


Launch sites:

Ba  = Baikonur (Tyuratam, NIIP-5, GIK-5), Tyuratam, USSR USSR


F	Failure
P	Partial Failure