Falcon-1 (dev) [SpaceX]
Falcon-1 is a small liquid fueled orbital launch vehicle, which was developed by SpaceX (Space Exploration Technologies Corp.). Both stages are Kerosene / LOX fueled.
The first stage, which will be reusable after recovery by parachutes, is powered by the SpaceX built Merlin engine. The second stage is be propelled by the Kestrel engine, which uses technology derived from the of the Lunar Module Descent Engine.
Launch sites are SLC-3W at Vandenberg for high inclination launches and a launch site on Omelek Island in the Marshall Islands. A Cape Canaveral launch pad is also considered for launching into low inclination orbits.
The basic Falcon-1 vehicle carries up to 420 kg payloads to low equatorial earth orbit. SpaceX claims, the Falcon will reduce the costs for an orbital launch by the factor of three - a price of $ 6.7 million for the basic version is planned.
The upgraded Falcon-1e version with the regeneratively cooled Merlin-1D engine and stretched first stage for increased performance was be introduced in 2010, but was postponed until at least 2012 due to higher priority of the Falcon-9. This version features an enlarged payload shroud.
|Version||Stage 1||Stage 2|
|Falcon-1 (dev)||Stage 1 / Merlin-1A||Stage 2 / Kestrel-1|
|Falcon-1||Stage 1 / Merlin-1C||Stage 2 / Kestrel-2|
|Falcon-1e||stretched Stage 1 / Merlin-1D||Stage 2 / Kestrel-2|
No. TypNo Type Date LS Payload
1 1 Falcon-1 (dev) 24.03.2006 F Om FalconSat 2 2 2 Falcon-1 (dev) 21.03.2007 F Om Demosat (LCT2 / AFSS) 3 1 Falcon-1 03.08.2008 F Om Trailblazer / PreSat / Nanosail D / Celestis 07 4 2 Falcon-1 29.09.2008 Om Ratsat 5 3 Falcon-1 14.07.2009 Om RazakSat 1 Failures: 1: First stage plumbing failure 2: Second stage failure 3: Stage separation failure Launch sites: Om = Omelek Island, Kwajalein, Marshall Islands Va = Vandenberg AFB, California, USA / SLC-3W