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Falcon-9

Falcon-9 v1.0
(Dragon-QU) [SpaceX]

Falcon-9 v1.1(ex) (CASSIOPE)
[SpaceX]

Falcon-9 v1.1 (Dragon CRS-3)
[SpaceX]

Falcon-9 v1.2 (Iridium-NEXT 1)
[SpaceX]

Falcon-Heavy
[SpaceX]

Falcon-9 is a liquid fueled orbital launch vehicle for medium to heavy sized missions, which is developmened by SpaceX (Space Exploration Technologies Corp.). It is techonologically based on the Falcon-1 launch vehicle. Both stages are Kerosene / LOX fueled.

The first stage, which is potentially reusable after recovery by parachutes (v1.0) or by powered landing (v1.1 and later), is powered by 9 of the SpaceX built Merlin-1C (v1.0) or Merlin-1D (v1.1) engines with regenerative cooling. The upper stage uses a single Merlin engine and will also be potentially reusable. The Falcon-9 is offered with a 5.2 m fairing.

Launch site for low inclination launches is Cape Canaveral launch pad SLC-40. High inclination launches will launch from Vandenberg AFB. An additional launch site near Brownsville, Texas, is also under consideration.

The Falcon-9 will also lift the Dragon space capsule for ISS cargo flights, which might be developed into a manned spacecraft.

The first flight for a Falcon-9 v1.0 took place in June 2010. In 2013, the enlarged Falcon-9 v1.1 took over, featuring higher powered Merlin-1D engines in a new octagonal arrangement and larger tanks.

The first landings on a barge was tried on the Dragon CRS-5 and Dragon CRS-6 missions, but both failed. The first mission of the Falcon-9 v1.2 performed a successful landing of the first stage on land. Some later flights might also use a floating barge for landing, if performance requires it.

Version Strap-On Stage 1 Stage 2
Falcon-9 v1.0 - Stage 1 / 9 × Merlin-1C Stage 2 / Merlin-1C-Vac
Falcon-9 v1.1 - Stage 1 (str., reusable) / 9 × Merlin-1D Stage 2 (str.) / Merlin-1D-Vac
Falcon-9 v1.1(ex) - Stage 1 (str.) / 9 × Merlin-1D Stage 2 (str.) / Merlin-1D-Vac
Falcon-9 v1.2 (Falcon-9FT) - Stage 1 (str., reusable) / 9 × Merlin-1D (upr.) Stage 2 (str. +) / Merlin-1D-Vac (upr.)
Falcon-9 v1.2(ex) (Falcon-9FT(ex)) - Stage 1 (str.) / 9 × Merlin-1D (upr.) Stage 2 (str. +) / Merlin-1D-Vac (upr.)
Falcon-9 v1.3 ? (Falcon-9 Block 5) - Stage 1 (str., reusable) / 9 × Merlin-1D (upr.+) Stage 2 (str. +) / Merlin-1D-Vac (upr.+)
Falcon-9 ATB - Stage 1 (str.) / 3 × Merlin-1D Dummy Stage 2 (str.) ?
Falcon-Heavy 2 × Stage 1 (str., reusable) / 9 × Merlin-1D Stage 1 (str., reusable) / 9 × Merlin-1D Stage 2 (str.) / Merlin-1D-Vac
Falcon-Heavy (ex) 2 × Stage 1 (str.) / 9 × Merlin-1D Stage 1 (str.) / 9 × Merlin-1D Stage 2 (str.) / Merlin-1D-Vac
Performance (kg) LEO LPEO SSO GTO GEO MolO IP
Falcon-9 v1.0 9900 4050 -
Falcon-9 v1.1(ex) 10450 9000 8159 4850 - 2473
Falcon-9 v1.1 -
Falcon-9 v1.2 (Falcon-9FT) 22800 5300 - 4020
Falcon-9 v1.2(ex) (Falcon-9FT(ex)) -
Falcon-Heavy 8000
Falcon-Heavy (ex) 63800 26700 16800
No.  TypNo Type               Serial/Core         Date          LS          Payload 

 1    1    Falcon-9 v1.0      .                   04.06.2010     CC SLC-40   Dragon Qualification Unit
 2    2    Falcon-9 v1.0      .                   08.12.2010     CC SLC-40   Dragon C1 / SMDC-ONE 1 / QbX 1 / QbX 2 / Mayflower-Caerus / Perseus 000 /
                                                                             Perseus 001 / Perseus 002 / Perseus 003
 3    3    Falcon-9 v1.0      .                   22.05.2012     CC SLC-40   Dragon C2 / Celestis 11
 4    4    Falcon-9 v1.0      .                   08.10.2012  p  CC SLC-40   Dragon CRS-1 / Orbcomm FM101  
 5    5    Falcon-9 v1.0      .                   01.03.2013     CC SLC-40   Dragon CRS-2
 6    1    Falcon-9 v1.1(ex)  .                   29.09.2013     Va SLC-4E   CASSIOPE 1 / CUSat / DANDE / POPACS 1 / POPACS 2 / POPACS 3
 7    2    Falcon-9 v1.1(ex)  .                   03.12.2013     CC SLC-40   SES 8
 8    3    Falcon-9 v1.1(ex)  .                   06.01.2014     CC SLC-40   Thaicom 6
 9    1    Falcon-9 v1.1      .                   18.04.2014  n  CC SLC-40   Dragon CRS-3 / OPALS⇑ / HDEV⇑ / ALL-STAR/THEIA / KickSat 1 / SporeSat 1 / TSAT /
                                                                             PhoneSat 2.5 /104 Sprites
10    2    Falcon-9 v1.1      .                   14.07.2014  n  CC SLC-40   Orbcomm FM103 / FM104 / FM106 / FM107 / FM109 / FM111 / Orbcomm-OG2 Mass Simulator
11    4    Falcon-9 v1.1(ex)  .                   05.08.2014     CC SLC-40   AsiaSat 8
12    5    Falcon-9 v1.1(ex)  .                   07.09.2014     CC SLC-40   AsiaSat 6
13    6    Falcon-9 v1.1(ex)  .                   21.09.2014     CC SLC-40   Dragon CRS-4 / RapidScat⇑ / SpinSat↑
14    3    Falcon-9 v1.1      .                   10.01.2015  r  CC SLC-40   Dragon CRS-5 / CATS⇑ / Flock-1d' 1↑ / Flock-1d' 2↑ / AESP-14↑
15    4    Falcon-9 v1.1      .                   11.02.2015  n  CC SLC-40   DSCOVR
16    7    Falcon-9 v1.1(ex)  .                   02.03.2015     CC SLC-40   ABS 3A / Eutelsat 115 West B
17    5    Falcon-9 v1.1      .                   14.04.2015  r  CC SLC-40   Dragon CRS-6 / Flock-1e 1, ..., 14↑ / Arkyd 3-Reflight↑ / Centennial 1↑
18    8    Falcon-9 v1.1(ex)  .                   27.04.2015     CC SLC-40   TürkmenÄlem 52E
19    6    Falcon-9 v1.1      .                   28.06.2015  F  CC SLC-40   Dragon CRS-7 / IDA 1⇑ / Flock-1f 1, ..., 8↑
20    1    Falcon-9 v1.2      B1019-1             22.12.2015     CC SLC-40   Orbcomm FM105 / FM108 / FM110 / FM112 / FM113 / FM114 / FM115 / FM116 / FM117 /
                                                                             FM118 / FM119 / Orbcomm-OG2 Mass Simulator 2
21    7    Falcon-9 v1.1      .                   17.01.2016  r  Va SLC-4E   Jason 3
22    2    Falcon-9 v1.2      B1020-1 ?           04.03.2016  r  CC SLC-40   SES 9
23    3    Falcon-9 v1.2      B1021-1             08.04.2016     CC SLC-40   Dragon CRS-8 / BEAM⇑
24    4    Falcon-9 v1.2      B1022-1             06.05.2016     CC SLC-40   JCSat 14
25    5    Falcon-9 v1.2      B1023-1             27.05.2016     CC SLC-40   Thaicom 8 
26    6    Falcon-9 v1.2      B1024-1 ?           15.06.2016  r  CC SLC-40   Eutelsat 117 West B / ABS 2A
27    7    Falcon-9 v1.2      B1025-1             18.07.2016     CC SLC-40   Dragon CRS-9 / IDA 2⇑
28    8    Falcon-9 v1.2      B1026-1 ?           14.08.2016     CC SLC-40   JCSat 16
--    -    Falcon-9 v1.2      B1028-1 ?          (01.09.2016) F% CC SLC-40   AMOS 6
29    9    Falcon-9 v1.2      B1029-1             14.01.2017     Va SLC-4E   Iridium-NEXT 102 / 103 / 104 / 105 / 106 / 108 / 109 / 111 / 112 / 114
30   10    Falcon-9 v1.2      B1031-1             19.02.2017     CCK LC-39A  Dragon CRS-10 / SAGE 3⇑ / STP-H5⇑
31    1    Falcon-9 v1.2(ex)  B1030               16.03.2017     CCK LC-39A  EchoStar 23
32   11    Falcon-9 v1.2      B1021-2             30.03.2017     CCK LC-39A  SES 10
33   12    Falcon-9 v1.2      B1032-1             01.05.2017     CCK LC-39A  NROL 76 (USA 276)
34    2    Falcon-9 v1.2(ex)  B1034               15.05.2017     CCK LC-39A  Inmarsat-5 F4
35   13    Falcon-9 v1.2      B1035-1             03.06.2017     CCK LC-39A  Dragon CRS-11 / NICER⇑ / MUSES⇑ / ROSA⇑ / Bird B↑ / Bird G↑ / Bird J↑ / Bird M↑ /
                                                                             Bird N↑
36   14    Falcon-9 v1.2      B1029-2             23.06.2017     CCK LC-39A  BulgariaSat 1
37   15    Falcon-9 v1.2      B1036-1             25.06.2017     Va SLC-4E   Iridium-NEXT 113 / 115 / 117 / 118 / 120 / 121 / 123 / 124 / 126 / 128
	 

planned launches: 

      3    Falcon-9 v1.2(ex)  B1037               xx.07.2017     CCK LC-39A  Intelsat 35e
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.08.2017     CC          Dragon CRS-12 / CREAM⇑ / Dellingr↑ / ASTERIA↑ / LAICE↑ / RBLE↑ / OSIRIS-3U↑ /
                                                                             OPAL↑ / HARP↑ / OPEN↑ / Overview 1A↑
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.08.2017     Va SLC-4E   FORMOSAT 5


Note: several of the CC launches might launch from CCK or BC

           Falcon-Heavy       .                   xx.xx.2018     CCK LC-39A  ArabSat 6A
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.xx.2017     CC          Bangabandhu 1
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.xx.2017     CC          Dragon CRS-13 / ASIM⇑ / TSIS⇑ / MISSE-FF⇑
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.xx.2018     CC          Dragon CRS-14 / RRM3⇑ / SDS⇑ / PFCS⇑
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.xx.2018     CC          Dragon CRS-15 / ECOSTRESS⇑ / MISSE-FF 2⇑
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.xx.2018     CC          Dragon CRS-16 / IDA 3⇑
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.xx.2018     CC          Dragon CRS-17 / OCO 3⇑ / STP-H6⇑
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.xx.2018     CC          Dragon CRS-18 / GEDI⇑
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.xx.2019     CC          Dragon CRS-19 / Bartolomeo–CEPHFISS⇑
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.xx.2019     CC          Dragon CRS-20 / GEROS⇑
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.xx.20xx     CC          Dragon CRS-xx
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.xx.20xx     CC          Dragon CRS-xx
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.xx.20xx     CC          Dragon CRS-xx
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.xx.20xx     CC          Dragon CRS-xx
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.xx.20xx     CC          Dragon CRS-xx
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.xx.20xx     CC          Dragon CRS-xx
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.03.2018     CCK LC-39A  Dragon v2 1
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.xx.2018     CCK LC-39A  Dragon v2 2
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.xx.201x     CCK LC-39A  Dragon v2 3
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.xx.201x     CCK LC-39A  Dragon v2 4
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.xx.201x     CCK LC-39A  Dragon v2 5
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.xx.201x     CCK LC-39A  Dragon v2 6
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.xx.201x     CCK LC-39A  Dragon v2 7
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.xx.201x     CCK LC-39A  Dragon v2 8
           Falcon-9-ATB       .                   xx.xx.2017 *   CCK LC-39A  Dragon v2 Abort Test
           Falcon-Heavy       .                   xx.xx.2018     CCK LC-39A  DSX / FORMOSAT 7A / 7B / 7C / 7D / 7E / 7F / GPIM / OTB 1 / FalconSat 6 / NPSat 1 /
                                                                             Oculus-ASR / Prox 1 / LightSail B / ARMADILLO / FalconSat 7 / TBEx A / TBEx B /
                                                                             Prometheus 2.2 / 2.4 / 2.5 / 2.6 / 2.7 / 2.8 / 2.9 / 2.10 / PSat 2 / BRICSat 2 /
                                                                             TEPCE 1 / TEPCE 2 / CP 9 (LEO) / StangSat / DOTSI / CNGB / Ballast
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.09.2017     CCK LC-39A  EchoStar 105/SES 11
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.xx.2018     CC          Es'hail 2
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.xx.2018     CC          GiSAT 1
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.xx.2018     CC          GPS-3 2
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.xx.2019     CC          GPS-3 3
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.xx.2017     CC          Hispasat 30W-6
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.xx.2020     CC or BC    Inmarsat-6 F1
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.09.2017     Va SLC-4E   Iridium-NEXT xxx / xxx / xxx / xx / xxx / xxx / xxx / xxx / xxx / xxx
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.10.2017     Va SLC-4E   Iridium-NEXT xxx / xxx / xxx / xx / xxx / xxx / xxx / xxx / xxx / xxx
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.12.2017     Va SLC-4E   Iridium-NEXT xxx / xxx / xxx / xx / xxx / xxx / xxx / xxx / xxx / xxx
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.xx.2018     Va SLC-4E   Iridium-NEXT xxx / xxx / xxx / xx / xxx / xxx / xxx / xxx / xxx / xxx
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.xx.2018     Va SLC-4E   Iridium-NEXT xxx / xxx / xxx / xx / xxx / xxx / xxx / xxx / xxx / xxx
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.xx.2018     Va SLC-4E   Iridium-NEXT xxx / xxx / xxx / xxx / xxx / GRACE-FO 1 / GRACE-FO 2
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.09.2017     CCK LC-39A  Koreasat 5A
           Falcon-Heavy       .                   xx.xx.2018     CCK LC-39A  Lunar Dragon 1
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.4Q.2017     Va SLC-4E   Paz / ?
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.xx.2018     CC          PSN 6 / ?
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.xx.2018     Va SLC-4E   Radarsat Constellation 1 / Radarsat Constellation 2 / Radarsat Constellation 3
           Falcon-Heavy       .                   xx.xx.2018     CCK LC-39A  Red Dragon
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.xx.2017     Va SLC-4E   SAOCOM 1A
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.xx.2018     Va SLC-4E   SAOCOM 1B / SAOCOM-CS / SARE-1B 1 / SARE-1B 2 / SARE-1B 3 / SARE-1B 4
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.xx.2018     Va SLC-4E   SARah 1
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.xx.2019     Va SLC-4E   SARah 2 / SARah 3
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.xx.2017     CC          SES 14/GOLD
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.xx.2017     CC          SES 16/GovSat
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.xx.2018     Va SLC-4E   SkySat 14 / SkySat 15 / Eu:CROPIS / ORS 6 / STPSat 5 / NEXTSat 1 / ICEYE 1 /
                                                                             BlackSky Global 1 / BlackSky Global 2 / BlackSky Global 3 / BlackSky Global 4 /
                                                                             HawkEye Pathfinder 1 / HawkEye Pathfinder 2 / HawkEye Pathfinder 3 / Fox 1C /
                                                                             KNACKSAT / Elysium-Star 2 / ?
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.xx.2021     Va SLC-4E   SWOT
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.xx.2018     CC          Telstar 18V (APStar 5C)
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.xx.2018     CC          Telstar 19V
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.03.2018     CC          TESS (Astro-EX 1)
           Falcon-Heavy       .                   xx.xx.202x     CCK LC-39A  ViaSat 3-TBD
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.08.2017     CC          X-37B OTV-5
           Falcon-9 v1.2      .                   xx.xx.201x     CC          (Bigelow)
      1    Falcon-Heavy       B1033-1/23-2/25-2   xx.xx.2017     CCK LC-39A  (Dummy) ?


↑ = deployed via ISS airlock
⇑ = non free-flyer payload to be attached to the ISS

F       failure
P       partial failure
p       partial failure (prime payload in usable orbit)
r       recovery failure (prime mission successful)
n       no recovery planned


Failures:

Flight 4:  One engine of stage one failed 80 sec into the flight, but vehicle was able to compensate for a successful primary mission;
           second burn before secondary payload release took not place
Flight 14: Stage 1 landed hard on recovery attempt
Flight 19: Vehicle broke up 2 min 19 sec into the flight due to stage 2 overpressure problem
Flight 21: Stage 1 landed hard on recovery attempt
Flight 22: Stage 1 landed hard on recovery attempt
Flight 26: Stage 1 landed hard on recovery attempt


Launch sites:

BC  = Boca Chica Beach, Boca Chica, Texas, USA USA
CC  = Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Eastern Test Range, Cape Canaveral, Florida, USA USA
CCK = NASA John F. Kennedy Space Center, Cape Canaveral, Florida, USA USA
Va  = Vandenberg AFB, California, USA USA