METOP A [Astrium]
METOP (Meteorological Operational) is Europe's first polar-orbiting operational meteorological satellite. It is the European contribution to the Initial Joint Polar System (IJPS), a co-operative agreement between Eumetsat and the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) to provide data for climate and environmental monitoring and improved weather forecasting. The first Metop satellite was launched in 2006, with the other two following at five-year intervals. In total, the programmes will be operational for at least 14 years.
The Metop system will deliver valuable information on the atmosphere, land masses and sea surfaces for about 14 years – both during the day and at night. The satellites' main task is to measure the temperature and humidity of the atmosphere, but they will also observe clouds, measure the wind speed on the sea surface and monitor the ozone content of the atmosphere. Metop will also be able to collect data from ground and sea-based measuring stations and transmit rescue signals.
METOP will feature following instruments:
EADS Astrium is prime contractor for the construction of the Metop satellites and will supply both the platform and three of the most important measuring instruments: the advanced scatterometer (ASCAT), the GNSS receiver for atmospheric sounding (GRAS) and the Microwave Humidity Sounder (MHS).
NOAA provides the A/DCS, AMSU, AVHRR/3, HIRS/4, SARP/3, SARR, SEM-2. CNES provides IASI.
|Type / Application:||Meteorology|
|Equipment:||A/DCS, AMSU, ASCAT, AVHRR/3, GOME-2, GRAS, HIRS/4, IASI, MHS, SARP/3, SARR, SEM-2|
|Power:||Deployable solar array, batteries|
|Mass:||4244 kg (#A); 4085 kg (#B)|
|Orbit:||819 km × 820 km, 98.74° (#A); 806 km × 810 km, 98.74° (#B); 806 km × 807 km, 98.74° (#C)|
|METOP A||2006-044A||19.10.2006||Ba LC-31/6||Soyuz-2-1a Fregat|
|METOP B||2012-049A||17.09.2012||Ba LC-31/6||Soyuz-2-1a Fregat-M|
|METOP C||2018-087A||07.11.2018||Ko ELS||Soyuz-ST-B Fregat-M|