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Uragan-GVM

Uragan-GVM is a mass model of the Uragan (GLONASS) navigation satellite.

These mass models weres subsitituted for real Uragan satellites on the first few test launches to allow the triple launch system to be used and tested, while only one or two real satellite were on board of the Proton-K Blok-DM-2 launch vehicle. The Uragan-GVM mass models were placed into the same orbit as the operational Uragan satellites.

The first two launches carried only one Uragan satellite and two Uragan-GVM mass models. On next six launches were two Uragan satellites and one Uragan-GVM mass model.

Nation: USSR
Type / Application: Dummy satellite
Operator:
Contractors:
Equipment:
Configuration:
Propulsion: None
Power: None
Lifetime:
Mass: 1414 kg ?
Orbit:
Satellite COSPAR Date LS Launch Vehicle Remarks
Kosmos 1414 (Uragan-GVM #1) 1982-100D 12.10.1982 Ba LC-200/39 Proton-K Blok-DM-2 with Kosmos 1413 (Uragan #1) / Kosmos 1415 (Uragan-GVM #2)
Kosmos 1415 (Uragan-GVM #2) 1982-100E 12.10.1982 Ba LC-200/39 Proton-K Blok-DM-2 with Kosmos 1413 (Uragan #1) / Kosmos 1414 (Uragan-GVM #1)
Kosmos 1492 (Uragan-GVM #3) 1983-084C 10.08.1983 Ba LC-200/39 Proton-K Blok-DM-2 with Kosmos 1490 (Uragan #2) / Kosmos 1491 (Uragan #3)
Kosmos 1521 (Uragan-GVM #4) 1983-127C 29.12.1983 Ba LC-200/40 Proton-K Blok-DM-2 with Kosmos 1519 (Uragan #4) / Kosmos 1520 (Uragan #5)
Kosmos 1556 (Uragan-GVM #5) 1984-047C 19.05.1984 Ba LC-200/40 Proton-K Blok-DM-2 with Kosmos 1554 (Uragan #6) / Kosmos 1555 (Uragan #7)
Kosmos 1595 (Uragan-GVM #6) 1984-095C 04.09.1984 Ba LC-200/40 Proton-K Blok-DM-2 with Kosmos 1593 (Uragan #8) / Kosmos 1594 (Uragan #9)
Kosmos-1652 (Uragan-GVM #7) 1985-037C 17.05.1985 Ba LC-200/39 Proton-K Blok-DM-2 with Kosmos 1650 (Uragan #10) / Kosmos 1651 (Uragan #11)
Kosmos-1712 (Uragan-GVM #8) 1985-118C 24.12.1985 Ba LC-200/39 Proton-K Blok-DM-2 with Kosmos 1710 (Uragan #12) / Kosmos 1711 (Uragan #13)