The XRISM (X-ray Imaging and Spectroscopy Mission), initially known as XARM (X-ray Astronomy Recovery Mission), satellite is a Japanese X-ray observatory, which is to replace partially the lost Astro H (Hitomi) observatory.
XRISM will carry replacements for Hitomi’s two lower-energy instruments — the Soft X-ray Imager and the Soft X-ray Spectrometer. The two Hard X-ray Telescopes and imagers will not be replaced.
NASA provides a copy of Astro-H's High-Resolution Soft X-Ray Spectrometer (SXS) called Resolve, which will probe matter in extreme environments; investigate the nature of dark matter on large scales in the universe; and explore how galaxies and clusters of galaxies form and evolve.
The XRISM payload consists of two instruments:
Their characteristics are similar to the SXS and SXI respectively flown on Hitomi and XRISM is designed to resume with most of the science capability lost with the Hitomi mishap.
The satellite might be used in conjunction with NuSTAR, which can cover the Hard X-ray segment not included in XRISM.
In July 2017, the mission was apporoved. A launch is planned for 2021.
|Type / Application:||Astronomy, X-Ray|
|Power:||2 deployable fixed solar arrays, batteries|
|Orbit:||550 km, 31°|
|XRISM (XARM)||-||2022||Ta YLP-1||H-2A-202||with SLIM|
Further Explorer Missions of Opportunity (MoO) and International Missions (Int):