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Solar B (Hinode)

Solar B [JAXA]

Solar-B or Hinode is a JAXA mission with colaboration with NASA, ESA and the UK's PPARC to study the sun.

The Solar-B mission consists of a coordinated set of optical, X-ray and EUV telescopes. The optical telescope is a diffraction limited, aplanatic Gregorian with an aperture of 0.5 m. It provides angular resolution of about 0.2 arcsec over the field of view of about 400 × 400 arcsec. The focal plane package of the optical telescope consists of a filter vector magnetograph and a spectro-polarimeter. This combination allows us to obtain, for the first time, a continuous series of high-precision vector magnetograms, Dopplergrams, and filtergrams with sub-arcsec resolution.

The X-ray telescope images the high temperature (0.5 to 10 MK) corona with improved angular resolution, say approximately 1 arcsec, a few times better than Yohkoh's soft X-ray telescope. The Extreme Ultraviolet (EUV) Imaging Spectrometer aims to determine velocity fields and other plasma parameters in the corona and transition region, thus helping to relate coronal dynamic behavior, observed with the X-ray telescope, to the underlying photospheric magnetic field, observed with the optical telescope. The EUV-imaging spectrometer is also expected to unveil inflow and outflow of magnetic reconnection, and hence together with the two other telescopes, to finally solve long-standing controversies on coronal heating and dynamics.

After the successful launch on a M-5 (2) rocket, Solar B has been renamed Hinode ("Sunrise").

Nation: Japan
Type / Application: Solar observatory
Operator: ISAS
Contractors: Mitsubishi Electric (MELCO)
Equipment: X-ray telescope, Extreme Ultraviolet (EUV) Imaging Spectrometer
Power: Solar cells, batteries
Mass: 870 kg
Orbit: 279 km × 672 km, 98.33
Satellite COSPAR Date LS Launch Vehicle Remarks
Solar B (Hinode, STP 2) 2006-041A 22.09.2006 Ka LP-M M-5 (2) with HITSAT 1, SSSat 2


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