OrbView 1 [OrbImage]
Launched on 3 April 1995, OrbView-1 provides the world's first broad-area cloud-to-cloud lightning data.
OrbView-1's payload consists of two sensors:
The OTD sensor maps atmospheric lighting strikes and has provided NASA with information important to the understanding of severe weather patterns. The GPS/MET sensor has proven that the signals from the GPS satellite constellation used for precision navigation can also be used to provide important atmospheric data. The success of the GPS/MET sensor has further validated the concept of using space-based sensors to improve worldwide weather prediction.
The OrbView-1 program is the result of a unique government-industry partnership between ORBIMAGE and NASA. Under this arrangement, NASA provided the OTD sensor for use on OrbView-1 and ORBIMAGE agreed to conduct an initial six-month experiment of the sensor. NASA's cost for data under this program over the past five years has totaled approximately $7.2 million.
|Type / Application:||Earth observation|
|Operator:||OrbImage (for NASA)|
|Contractors:||Orbital Sciences Corporation (OSC)|
|Equipment:||OTD (Optical Transient Detector), GPS/MET|
|Power:||2 deployable solar arrays, batteries|
|Orbit:||733 km × 749 km, 69.99° SSO|
|OrbView 1 (Microlab 1)||1995-017C||03.04.1995||Va, L-1011, RW30/12||Pegasus-H||with Orbcomm FM1, FM2|