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Mars 2020 (Perseverance)

Mars 2020 (cruise configuration) [NASA]

MSL sky crane [NASA]
Mars 2020 similar

Mars 2020 rover [NASA]

Ingenuity helicopter [NASA]

Mars 2020 is a Mars planetary rover mission planned by NASA with a launch in 2020. The mission will address key questions about the potential for life on Mars. The mission will also provide opportunities to gather knowledge and demonstrate technologies that address the challenges of future human expeditions to Mars.

Mars 2020 is based on the Mars Science Laboratory (Curiosity) design, but features a different instrument suite.

The Mars 2020 rover carries following instruments:

  • PIXL (Planetary Instrument for X-Ray Lithochemistry), an x-ray fluorescence spectrometer to determine the fine scale elemental composition of Martian surface materials.
  • RIMFAX (Radar Imager for Mars' subsurface experiemnt), a ground-penetrating radar.
  • MEDA (Mars Environmental Dynamic Analyzer), a set of sensors to provide measurements of temperature, wind speed and direction, pressure, relative humidity and dust size and shape.
  • MOXIE (Mars Oxygen ISRU Experiment), an exploration technology investigation to produce oxygen (O2) from Martian atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2).
  • SuperCam, an instrument to provide imaging, chemical composition analysis and mineralogy in rocks and regolith from a distance.
  • Mastcam-Z, a stereoscopic zoom imaging system.
  • SHERLOC (Scanning Habitable Environments with Raman and Luminescence for Organics and Chemicals), an ultraviolet Raman spectrometer usingfine-scale imaging and an ultraviolet (UV) laser to determine fine-scale mineralogy and detect organic compounds.

A 1.8 kg flying helicopter drone fitted with counter-rotating blades, on-board autonomy, and a lightweight carbon-fiber fuselage will be carried on this mission. The Mars Helicopter will test the viability of aerial reconnaissance, scouting and scientific exploration from a flying rotorcraft. It will be the first demonstration of takeoffs and landings by a heavier-than-air vehicle in the atmosphere of another planet. The rotorcraft’s 30-day test campaign will include up to five flights, with each hop attempting longer travel distances of up to a few hundred meters and durations of up to 90 seconds. The drone will carry two cameras, one for navigation, and another for higher-resolution color aerial imagery. It It was named Ingenuity in April 2020.

Mars 2020 will collect samples and leave them behind in caches on the surface for later retrieval by the joint NASA / ESA Mars Sample Return mission.

In July 2016, an Atlas-5(541)¹ was selected as the launch vehicle. On 20 July 2020, the mission was successfully launched.

Nation: USA
Type / Application: Mars rover
Operator: NASA
Equipment: see above
Propulsion: 8 × MR-80B (skycrane)
Power: Solar cells (cruise stage); RTG (rover)
Mass: 3839 kg (launch); 899 kg (rover)
Orbit: Heliocentric
Satellite COSPAR Date LS Launch Vehicle Remarks
Mars 2020 (Perseverance) 2020-052A 30.07.2020 CC LC-41 Atlas-5(541)¹


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