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JDRS 1 is a Japanese data relay satellite with a dual military and civil mission.

The satellite was built by Mitsubishi Electric (MELCO), probably using their DS-2000 bus.

The military payload is an optical data relay payload to connect with the latest generation IGS-Optical and IGS-Radar reconnaissance satellites.

The civilian payload is JAXA's experimental JDRS-1 (Japanese Data Relay System) payload for use with other JAXA low earth orbit assets to replace DRTS (Kodama). While Kodama was designed to provide high-speed communications through conventional S-band and Ka-band communications, its replacement also adds optical communications systems to further increase its throughput.

JAXA's radio communication payload is DRTS, which is a direct replacement to Kodama.

JAXA’s optical communication payload is called LUCAS (Laser Utilising Communication System), which uses an infrared beam to transmit data between spacecraft at rates of up to 1.8 Gbps. It consists of two Laser terminals:

Data is downlinked via a Ka-band connection to the ground station.

Nation: Japan
Type / Application: Relay, communication
Operator: JAXA
Contractors: Mitsubishi Electric (MELCO)
Equipment: IGS optical data relay payload, JDRS-1 LUCAS optical data relay payload
Configuration: DS-2000 ?
Propulsion: ?
Power: 2 deployable solar arrays, batteries
Orbit: GEO
Satellite COSPAR Date LS Launch Vehicle Remarks
JDRS 1 2020-089A 29.11.2020 Ta YLP-1 H-2A-202

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