GIFTS-IOMI (EO 3) [NASA]
The New Millennium Program's (NMP) Earth Observing 3 (EO3) mission, called GIFTS, was the first step in improving the operational weather observing systems. GIFTS, which stands for Geosynchronous Imaging Fourier Transform Spectrometer, was an instrument that incorporated the breakthrough technologies of an innovative atmospheric measuring concept; a concept developed at NASA's Langley Research Center in Hampton, Virginia.
Earth Observing 3 (EO3) GIFTS-IOMI was a New Millennium Program's joint mission with the US Navy's Office of Naval Research. GIFTS-IOMI stands for Geosynchronous Imaging Fourier Transform Spectrometer (GIFTS) - Indian Ocean METOC Imager (IOMI). GIFTS was a highly advanced instrument selected by NASA to perform as EO3's latest weather observing instrument. Here are some interesting details on the mission:
GIFTS-IOMI objective was to demonstrate and flight qualify advanced technologies for application to future space missions and to provide better meteorological and atmospheric chemistry data products (results).
GIFTS was originally planned as a hosted payload on a geostationary satellite, but was later changed into a free-flyer featuring TWR's T310 bus.
GIFTS-IOMI was planned to be the main payload of the STP-1 mission in 2004.
Due changed priorities, the US Navy withdraw its resources for the spacecraft, but remained involved in the development of the GIFTS instrument. This caused the cancellation of the spacecraft and the IMAGE instrument. The GIFTS instrument itself was not continued, but the commercial STORM (Sounding and Tracking Observatory for Regional Meteorology) derivative was developed by GeoMetWatch Corp., with is planned to fly as hosted paylaods on geostationary comsats.
|Type / Application:||Meteorology|
|Operator:||NASA / US Navy / USAF STP (Space Test Program)|
|Contractors:||Northrop Grumman Space Technology (ex TRW)|
|Equipment:||GIFTS, IMAGE, CryoCommSat|
|Power:||2 deployable solar arrays, batteries|
|GIFTS-IOMI (EO 3)||-||cancelled||SLC-41||Atlas-5(401)|