GECAM (Gravitational Wave High-energy Electromagnetic Counterpart All-sky Monitor) is a constellation of two small X-ray and gamma-ray all-sky observatories to search for gamma-ray counterparts to gravitational wave events.
GECAM fast-tracked selection and development to take advantage of a new scientific opportunity, which Xiong Shaolin, an astrophysicist at CAS's Institute of High Energy Physics in Beijing, and his colleagues identified a month after the U.S. Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory announced its historic detection of gravitational waves in February 2016. They proposed putting two satellites into orbit on opposite sides of Earth that together could watch the entire sky for gamma rays emanating from the events that generate gravitational waves. Funding for technical studies arrived a few months later, and the mission has jumped to the front of the launch queue, with a date of 2020.
Each satellite features a dome-shaped array of 25 Gamma-ray detectors (GRD) and 8 Charged particle detectors (CPD). Together the satellites will provide a FOV of 100% all-sky. The sensitivity of the detectors is ~2E-8 erg/cm2/s. They will provide a localization of ~1°. The detectors are sensible in the energy band from 6 keV to 5 MeV.
Besides detecting the radiation from gravitatinal wave events, the satellites will also be contributing in detectiong Ultra-long GRBs, X-ray Flashes, X-ray-rich GRBs, Magnetars and Terrestrial Gamma-ray Flashes.
The satellites are to be launched together on a CZ-11 rocket from China's Xichang space center in December 2020.
|Type / Application:||Astronomy, X-Ray / Gamma|
|Operator:||Institute of High Energy Physics (IHEP), Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)|
|Equipment:||Dome-shaped array of 25 Gamma-ray detectors (GRD), 8 Charged particle detectors (CPD)|
|Configuration:||Deployable solar array, batteries|
|Orbit:||587 km × 604 km, 29.00°|
|GECAM A (KX 08A, Xiaoji)||2020-094A||09.12.2020||Xi LC-4||CZ-11||with GECAM B|
|GECAM B (KX 08B, Xiaomu)||2020-094B||09.12.2020||Xi LC-4||CZ-11||with GECAM A|