The Russian Garpun military relay satellites are the replacement for the Potok / Geizer series for the nation's Command and Relay System (GKKRS) which is also known as Rassvet.
The satellites are developed by ISS Reshetnev, probably based on the Ekspress-2000 bus.
Likely users for the Garpun satellite are Persona and Bars-M optical reconnaissance satellites and the Pion-NKS and Lotos-S ELINT satellites.
Garpun No.11 was stationed at 80° East from 2011 to 2016 and at 13.5° West from 2016 to 2020. It appears to have failed end of June 2020 and is now drifting without control.
|Type / Application:||Military relay|
|Power:||2 deployable solar arrays, batteries|
|Kosmos 2473 (Garpun 11L)||2011-048A||20.09.2011||Ba LC-81/24||Proton-M Briz-M (Ph.1 mod. 2)|
|Kosmos 2513 (Garpun 12L)||2015-075A||13.12.2015||Ba LC-81/24||Proton-M Briz-M (Ph.1 mod. 2)|